Growing Deutzia Plants: A Guide To Deutzia Plant Care
Deutzia (D. gigantea) is a member of the nightshade family, which includes tomatoes, eggplants, potatoes and peppers. They are native to tropical regions of South America and Africa. These plants grow up to 10 feet tall with leaves that have five leaflets each, making them one of the most popular houseplants in the world!
The name “deutzia” comes from the Greek words deutero meaning “of or pertaining to God”, and kainê meaning “to sleep”. It was first described in 1763 by German botanist Johann Jacob Stieglitz. Since then it has been used as a folk medicine for treating coughs, colds, bronchitis, malaria and other diseases. The plant is now cultivated all over the world for its medicinal properties.
The genus Deutzia contains several species, but only two are commonly grown commercially: D. gigantea and D. prunastrii. Both are members of the nightshade family (Solanaceae). There are many different cultivars of these plants available today, although they tend to be very similar in appearance and growth habit.
They differ mainly in their leaf shape, color and size. Deutzia prunastrii has a larger leaf than D. gigantea.
Deutzia plants are deciduous woody shrubs that grow up to 10 feet in height and have an equal spread. They require an acidic, well-drained soil that is rich in organic material. While they grow best in full sunlight, they are tolerant of light shade. Their leaves turn a brilliant red in the fall.
Deutzia plants are rarely troubled by any serious diseases or insects. When they do get infested with pests, they are often weakened enough that they succumb to the problem. The most serious pest of deutzia is the larvae of the Tussock Moth which feeds on foliage, making it difficult for the plant to photosynthesize.
Deutzia plants are propagated through cuttings or seed. Seeds should be planted in a sterile seed raising mix and covered with a very thin layer of the same mix. The container should be kept in a shady area, as the young plants require some shade until they are well established. They should not be fertilized until their roots have emerged from the soil.
Deutzia plants can be propagated through cuttings, but this is not common practice. One reason for this is that the plant tends to grow “offsets” at the base of the parent plant. These can easily be snapped off and transplanted by a hobby grower. Just insert the offset in a container filled with a well-draining soil mix and keep it watered well until it is well established.
Deutzia plants are very popular garden shrubs. They have ornamental value throughout most of the year. They are deciduous, so their beauty is not lost in fall like many other plants. The beautiful white flower clusters that grow at the ends of the branches in summer are followed by ornamental fruit in the fall. These fruit resemble little Disney characters, and are one of the features that make this plant so popular.
They also attract birds.
Planting deutzia plants near walkways or driveways gives your guests or family members something interesting to look at while they move from one place to another. Their beauty is not limited to just their flowers and fruit. Their ornamental shape and color makes them desirable at any time of the year. They grow well in almost any type of soil, but do best in well-draining soil that contains plenty of organic material. Fertilizing established plants improves their growth rate and health, but is not necessary if their location naturally enhances their growth.
They can even survive in partial shade, although they will grow better in full sunlight.
The plants prefer to be planted in a partially shaded area. Once the plant is established, it can tolerate some direct sunlight. The soil should be moist while the plant is growing, but can dry out some between waterings during the winter months when the plant is dormant.
Deutzia plants are available for purchase from nurseries and garden centers. They should be planted right away once you bring them home.
The size of your deutzia shrub depends on how much space you are willing to give it. It can be planted in a large container and grown indoors until it is large enough to plant outside, if desired. The plant grows rapidly and should be at least 2 years old before being planted outside.
Deutzia shrubs make great additions to any garden and are relatively easy to grow. As long as they are planted in the proper conditions, they should grow well without much care.
Deutzia shrubs belong to a large group of plants known as the Rhododendron family. These hardy, evergreen shrubs are native to areas located at higher altitudes in Japan, China, Korea and parts of Eastern Siberia. They were introduced to Europe in the mid-1800’s. Several different species and varieties are available. Most of them flower in spring or early summer, although a few species flower in late fall.
The flowers are usually white or pink, and they have a sweet fragrance.
Most species of deutzia shrubs reach a mature height of five to ten feet, although some species such as the Deutzia scabra reach a mature height of up to fifteen feet. These shrubs have a dense growth habit and can be shaped into either a shrub or small tree form. They bloom sporadically throughout the spring and summer. These plants are hardy in all zones and do well in full sun or partial shade. They are relatively low maintenance and pest free.
Deutzia shrubs are attractive to birds and butterflies. Their flowers attract bees, butterflies and other insects. The fruit that forms after the flowers drop off is sometimes eaten by birds. These shrubs are relatively drought tolerant, but will grow faster and bloom more if they receive enough water. They also grow better in fertile, well-draining soil.
Deutzia shrubs can be grown from seed, however they can take up to five years to bloom. They can also be propagated by division, but this is only necessary if the shrub is injured. Deutzia shrubs that are planted in a shaded area will grow into a multi-stemmed bush. If they are planted in a location that receives full sun, they will grow taller and have a single trunk. These shrubs can be pruned to any shape you desire.
Deutzia plants are very sensitive to root disturbance. It is best to not transplant them, unless you are moving them to a larger pot. If this must be done, do it in the fall. It is also important to water the plant well after planting. The plant will need time to re-establish itself, so don’t expect it to grow right away.
Deutzia shrubs have few problems with disease and insects. They do attract deer and rabbits, however the deer don’t usually cause enough damage to kill the plant. If rabbits are a problem in your area, you can protect the shrub by wrapping aluminum foil around the lower trunk.
Deutzia shrubs can be mass planted to create a hedge. They can also be used as a single specimen plant in a landscape or beside a walkway. Their dense evergreen foliage and woody stems add interest all year long, and they are resistant to most pests and diseases. They can also be pruned into a tree form or trained up onto a trellis to use as a climbing vine.
Sources & references used in this article:
Root formation, bud growth and survival of ornamental shrubs propagated by cuttings on different planting dates by J Hansen, K Kristiansen – The Journal of Horticultural Science and …, 2000 – Taylor & Francis
Care of ornamental plants in the landscape by JH Dick – 1917 – AT De La Mare Company …
An illustrated guide to care of ornamental trees and shrubs| cby FS Batson, RO Monosmith. by JH Dick, T Alpheus – 1918 – AT De La Mare Company …