How To Care For Elephant Bush Houseplants
Elephant bush houseplant care is very simple and easy. You just need to take good care of your plants. Elephants are known for their large size, strength, endurance and intelligence. They are not only cute but they are also strong enough to survive in harsh conditions.
If you want to grow them indoors then it’s best if you have some basic knowledge about caring for these beautiful trees and shrubs too!
The following tips will help you to keep your plants healthy and happy.
1) Watering Your Plants – Make sure that you water your plants regularly.
Most importantly, do not let the soil dry out completely. When watering plants, make sure that you use plenty of water so that there won’t be any problem with the roots drying up or dying due to lack of moisture. Do not overwater either because this may cause problems for your tree and even death!
2) Pruning Your Trees – There are different types of pruning methods available.
Some of them include; cutting, pulling and twining. Each one has its advantages and disadvantages. Choose the method which suits your needs best. Cutting is usually used when you want to remove branches from your tree.
Pulling is done when you want to pull out small branches from your tree without causing any damage to the trunk or other parts of the tree. Twining is best when you want to train your tree around objects.
3) Location – The location of your plant in your home or office is very important.
You need to place it in a location where it will get plenty of light but at the same time, make sure that it’s not in a draft so that its temperature remains stable. Remember, if you place it in a cool location, it might start losing its leaves as a reaction to the cold temperature. On the other hand, if you place it in a hot location, it might start shedding its leaves as a way of dealing with too much heat. You also need to make sure that the pot you are using doesn’t have drainage holes at the bottom because this could cause your plant to lose too much moisture which may kill it.
4) Humidity – The humidity level of your home or office can also play a role in how your plants grow.
If the air is very dry, the leaves might start shedding. In this case, you need to place the pot on a tray filled with rocks and fill the tray with water so that the humidity around the plant increases.
5) Fertilizing Your Plants – Fertilize your plants at least once every 2 weeks.
If you notice that your plants are growing slowly or showing other signs of not being healthy, then it’s best if you fertilize them more often. You can use specialized fertilizer for houseplants.
6) Temperature – The temperature of your home or office also plays an important role in the life cycle of your plants.
Most species of elephant bush do not like very cold temperatures. The best temperature for them to thrive in is from about 65 – 80 degrees Fahrenheit.
7) Types of Elephants – There are two types of elephants namely African and Asian.
The African elephant is larger in size compared to the Asian one. Both the types are known for their hard outer skin which protects them from all sort of dangers.
8) Skin Texture and Color – The skin of an African elephant is covered with large gray colored spots.
The skin of an Asian elephant is less gray in color and has smaller size spots. A full grown Asian elephant can be about 13 feet tall and 3600 pounds in weight. An adult African elephant can reach a height of 14.5 feet tall and weigh 5500 pounds.
9) Baby Elephants – Baby elephants are usually born alone and not in groups.
The mother elephant can give birth to one baby elephant or sometimes twins. However, if the mother elephant gives birth to more than two babies, then it usually means that the other one is doomed for death since the mother doesn’t have sufficient milk to feed more than one.
The average weight of a newborn baby elephant is about 200 pounds.
10) Diet – Unlike other animals, baby elephants eat vegetation even before they are conceived. This is because the growth and development of baby elephants starts even before the mother elephant is fertilized.
The diet of a baby elephant consists of milk from its mother and other nutrients which are necessary for its proper growth and survival.
The diet of an adult elephant consists of grass, shrubs, bark, twigs, leaves and small amounts of food crops. However, unlike a lot of other herbivores, they don’t eat crops meant to be for human consumption such as wheat or oats.
They spend most of their waking hours looking for food. When they find it, they rarely consume as much as possible at that given moment. They return to eat the leftovers later.
11) Skin – The skin of an elephant is very thick and can protect them from attacks by predators such as lions. The skin also helps them avoid heat exhaustion during hot weather conditions. It can reach a thickness of about 1 foot.
12) Sight – An adult elephant’s vision is about 6 – 6.5 feet or sometimes more, in width and in height 4 feet or sometimes slightly less. An elephant can only see properly in bright light as their vision is somewhat similar to that of humans.
They can respond to flickering lights but they are unable to follow rapid movement easily. Their eyes also have a reddish tinge due to the blood vessels being so close to the surface.
13) Ears – The ears of an elephant are huge and can be about 5 feet in length and 3.5 feet in width. They can be used to control the body temperature of the animal. By controlling the blood flow to its ears, it can decrease or increase the overall body temperature.
The inside part of its ears is black in color as it is made up of skeletal bones which help it support the weight of its ear.
This also helps in the collection and direction of sound waves. The African elephant’s ears are slightly smaller than the Asian elephant’s ears.
14) Trunks – The trunk is an elongated muscular organ which can be about 8 feet in length and 2 feet in width. It is formed by the fusion of the nose and upper lip.
These features are useful for smelling, breathing, and also helps them to drink water.
The trunk is also useful in feeding as they can pluck the leaves off trees without the need to climb the tree. It’s also very useful in gathering and holding various objects such as food. The trunk is covered with a thick layer of skin on its top but it has a bare patch on its bottom so that it can enjoy a good grip on the ground.
15) Feet – An adult elephant has four toenails on each of its feet. The nails can grow up to 9 inches long.
The skin on the soles is up to 7 millimeters thick and it is black or gray in color, which helps with regulating body temperature.
An elephant can stand for long periods of time even if it’s standing on a hot surface as the blood vessels close to the skin’s surface are contracted due to its thick skin.
The legs can support the entire weight of the animal even if it weighs up to 13000 kilograms. The feet have padded soles which help it in walking and also protects it from being hurt. It has 5 fingers on each foot with each toe having a separate nail. The leg joints are very strong and contain less bone than other mammals.
16) Tail – An elephant’s tail is formed by fusion of folds of skin and fat but does not contain any bones.
The tail is very important for balance and it is also used to keep away insects such as flies.
Reproductive System: Male elephants have two testicles which are held internally. The phallocapital unit has a bone in it known as the baculum. Female elephants have a clitoris which is formed by the fusion of the labia minora and labia majora.
The female elephants have two ovaries and a uterus and together these are known as the genital canal. The elephants have two teats and they are located just behind the front legs on either side of the mammary gland.
Anatomical Adaptations: The skin of an elephant is very tough and can sometimes be up to 4 inches thick. It can protect the animal from most dangers.
The skin color is a reflection of the environment in which they live. The skin also contains large amounts of the pigment melanin which also helps it to stay cool in the warmer regions.
The ears are made up of small muscles and bones and they help in their fine sense of hearing and direction finding. The inner part of the ear is dark which helps with absorbing more sound.
The trunk is made up of thousands of small muscles and it can be very long. They are used for grabbing and touching things as well as breathing.
The trunk has over 100,000 muscles in it which is more than a human being has in their entire body. It can be very strong as it can lift as much as a bag of cement.
The mouth contains less teeth than one would expect. It has 4 large teeth on the bottom row and then another 4 on the top row. There are also several sets of cheek teeth which help with grinding.
The tongue is very rough and large which helps with the collection of sand and dirt to scrub itself.
The tail is also useful as it can help the elephant to keep its balance. It can also be used in mating as the male uses it during mating.
It is also used in defense against predators such as lions and tigers.
The nose of an elephant contains a lot of nerves and is therefore extremely sensitive.
An elephant’s ear is larger than its brain.
The trunk of an elephant is equipped with over 100,000 muscles.
An elephant can live up to 70 years.
An elephant can drink up to 230 liters of water at a time.
The largest land animal is the African bush elephant and the largest elephant ever was the French Elephant who was 10.3 meters long and weighed about 12 tons.
The smallest elephants are from isolated island such as Crete where they are only 1/3rd the size of mainland elephants.
An elephant’s tooth is perfectly designed to help it rip plants from the ground and its tusks help protect it from predators.
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