The most common type of rose are those called “tree” or “palm” roses. These are the ones which have branches with leaves growing from them. They usually have a single flower cluster at their top, but they can also bloom multiple times. There are other varieties such as “heather”, “carnation”, and others, but these are the most popular ones used in floral arrangements and decorations.
A few years ago, there were many different kinds of rose species. Nowadays, only two remain: the carnations and the heathers.
The former are small red roses with white flowers and showy petals; while the latter are large pink roses with yellow petals and showy purple/red blooms. Carnations tend to be very fragrant and easy to care for, whereas heathers are hardier than carnations but less fragrant than heathers.
There are several types of rose bushes, each with its own characteristics. Some are tall shrubs, some are short shrubs, and some grow up to 10 feet high.
All types require adequate sunlight and moisture to thrive. A few types of rose bushes need full sun to produce flowers; others prefer partial shade. Most varieties will tolerate dry conditions better than wet ones. Some types are prone to diseases, such as mildews and rusts, or pests, such as aphids and grasshoppers. Certain types of soil can favor types of roses over other types. For example, roses that have rugose stems, which are stems that have many small raised nodes on them, do not grow well in areas where the soil is loose and sand-like. Other types, such as damask roses, grow best in sandy soils.
Cultivating roses is very easy to do. You can grow them from seeds, or you can buy a rose bush from a nursery and dig it up.
To plant the bush, simply dig a hole in the ground deep enough for the root structure. Rose bushes have large, deep roots, so make sure the hole is big enough. If you’re planting a seed, prepare the ground for it beforehand by digging a hole and adding fertilizer to it. Then, plant the seed in the hole and cover it with soil. To aid it in growth, water it often. You can also surround the bud with dirt as it grows to help keep the ground around it moist.
Roses are beautiful flowering plants which are popular for their lovely blossoms in numerous colors. They are also one of the most popular symbols of romance.
Roses are known to exist ever since ancient times and probably have the strongest perfume among all flowers. Roses represent an unconditional love.
Roses are blooming everywhere in the kingdom. In the flower markets, you can buy rare types of roses that have exotic fragrance.
Most people grow climbing roses on their walls, so that when the roses bloom, they can climb up to the roof and enjoy their scent. Roses can be in different colors, but red roses represent passion, pink ones give a message of gratitude and white one convey a message of sympathy.
The bumblebee is a rare sight to behold nowadays. The once-common insect has been decreasing in population for years, to the point where they’re considered an endangered species.
But in the flower markets, you can still find them buzzing around flowers.
Bumblebees have a reputation of being clumsy and dumb. However, this misconception is untrue.
In reality, bumblebees are just as intelligent as any other animal, though they do have a tendency to get confused.
Bumblebees, like all other bees, pollinate flowers and plants as they search for food. They particularly like flowers from the mustard family.
Without these insects, plant life would suffer immensely.
In addition to being intelligent and helpful to plant life, bumblebees play a role in human society as well. It is commonly believed that the bumblebee was the origin of the concept of “honey bees”, which is used to describe people who are hard-working, laborious and devoted to their partners.
Bees have a long history of being linked with queens. This has its origins in ancient Egypt, where queens would wear headdresses in the shape of honeybees.
It has survived through history and even today, pictures of queens show them with bees in their pictures.
The bumblebee, despite its intimidating size, is a harmless creature. It would never attack unless it feels threatened and even then, its stinger can only pierce thick animal hides.
Humans have no trouble defending themselves from a bumblebee. This makes the viciousness of the wyvern much more impressive.
In addition to being able to fly, wyverns are much larger than bumblebees. They have a long, segmented body that is distinctly reptilian in nature.
They can also breathe fire from their mouth, possessing a deadly attack that few can defend against. Some can even fly while breathing fire.
The wyvern is commonly used as a mode of transportation for people who live in the mountainous or canyon areas. They’re fairly tamed, to the point where a rider can mount a wyvern without fear of being eaten.
The griffin is a majestic beast that is in between a lion and an eagle in terms of anatomy. Griffins have the body of a muscular cat, but with eagle wings instead of arms.
They are large enough to dwarf an elephant. Their beaks are curved and can easily tear through metal like paper. They can also breathe gouts of fire that can incinerate anything in their path.
Due to their size and strength, griffins are not popular mode of transportation. Due to their rarity, only the wealthiest of rulers can afford to keep these beasts locked up.
Chained griffins are valued commodities that are used very sparingly due to their destructive nature.
The gnome is a strange creature that lives in the forests. These creatures are human in appearance, but much smaller.
They’re no taller than two feet and have a penchant for mischief and mystery.
The gnomes live in their own underground city, which is as vast as any of the underground tunnels that human miners work in. Gnome cities are like large forests underground, with all the trees and vegetation one would expect.
Due to their curiosity and adventurous nature, many a gnome has left the safety of his city to go above ground and explore. These rogue gnomes are called “Lost Ones” and are shunned by their people.
Many a human has encountered these “Lost Ones” while going into the forests. These Lost Ones are mischievous at heart and will play all sorts of jokes on people.
The Lost Ones have a fondness for shiny objects, which is where they get their name. A lost one will purposely lose a shiny object and ask a person to find it.
Upon finding the object, the person who found it is then captured by the Lost One, who then locks them in a cage.
The Lost Ones are responsible for a majority of kidnappings in the forests. These poor souls are generally taken back to the gnome caves, where they’re used as laborers or sometimes eaten.
The Lost Ones are generally immune to human diseases and their life span is much longer than humans, so there is no point in being “cruel” to them.
Gnomes do not like the outdoors and prefer to stay underground where they’re comfortable. If a human should stumble upon a gnome, they will most likely be friendly towards you (provided that you don’t do anything foolish).
The selkie is a creature with the head of a human and the body of a seal. They generally keep to themselves and live in small communities on the shores of various lakes and coastal waters.
Selkies are typically peaceful creatures, but they are territorial and will become aggressive if their homes are intruded. They are more intelligent than most humans, but not by much.
Selkies are able to speak a broken form of the language that humans use, but they tend to only do so with other selkies.
Selkies are able to shed their skin and turn it into a coat that is resistant to water. These coats are in high demand, but the selkies aren’t too keen on selling them.
They aren’t cheap to make and selkies only give them up if the price is right.
Selkies are a very reclusive race, but they aren’t malicious towards humans. They’re just content on staying on their respective coasts.
Any selkie that leaves their communities does so only when they have too.
Water hounds are a very rare species of dog that live solely in the shallows of lakes, rivers and the oceans. These creatures have evolved to survive in water: from their lack of fur to their great lung capacity.
Water hounds are territorial just like their cousins the land hounds, but are much more aggressive. Many a traveler have been attacked by these creatures while swimming in the waterways.
These creatures are valuable for several reasons. First of all, they have very soft fur that is resistant to water and is very warm.
Their meat is also very delicious and many communities have clamored to claim the hunting rights to these creatures.
Water hounds are territorial and will generally fend off intruders, but they’ve recently been appearing further up the rivers and shallows. Many a hunter has lost his life by these creatures.
The kobold are a race of creatures that have lived in the Eastern tunnels for as long as anyone can remember. They’re very similar to dwarves, but at about half the size.
Their language is very similar to the old “Kobold” language, which was the precursor to the current dwarven language. This relation is why many scholars believe that kobolds are in fact the ancestors of dwarves.
Kobolds have been living unseen in their tunnels for so long that a new generation has come up believing that the entire world was just the tunnels they’ve always known. Some have even told tales of the surface being nothing but an old legend.
Kobolds are a very isolationist race. They generally keep to themselves and have no interest in leaving their underground dwellings.
Many that have encountered the little creatures claim that they feel threatened even by your presence and will attack if they feel their tunnels are being invaded.
The kobold are a dark-skinned race, with an average height of three feet and a half. They tend to wear ragged clothing and are generally uncivilized, but they are by no means a stupid race.
In fact, they’re known for being more intelligent than the average human.
The kobolds worship several gods, though none have been able to properly identify them as most kobolds are reluctant to speak about such things.
The kobolds made their homes in the tunnels long before any of the races came to this continent. In fact, they’ve survived here for much longer than most other creatures on this continent.
Unfortunately for them, they have little interest in expanding their territory and are simply looking for a safe place to continue living in solitude.
These little creatures have no concept of war. In fact, they have no concept of defending themselves either.
The kobolds are simply no match for the two races that see their tunnels as prime real estate.
As the deadline for the treaty is approaching, Lord Rostov has ordered you to march through the kobold tunnels and wipe out any resistance you may face. The Emperor has also said that if the kobolds surrender peaceably, then they may continue living in their tunnels and will receive the same protection from the Empire that the Brown elves do.
You’re currently in a camp at the entrance of the kobold tunnels. Scouts have reported that there are kobold patrols about and that they’ve been getting quite aggressive as of late.
The Captain of the Watch has gathered all the officers to go over a plan that was brought up by one of the lieutenants. You’ve been studying the map of the tunnel system and you’re trying to get a feel for the area.
Lieutenant Traven is a tall man, though not nearly as tall as you. He has dark black hair and dark eyes, and he keeps himself well-groomed.
He’s relatively young for a lieutenant and is VERY ambitious. He joined the guards at a young age and has been working his way up the ranks. You’ve heard that he’s been attempting to find a way to get transferred to the Undercity and if he gets his wish then he’ll probably be promoted to captain and forget about this kobold problem.
Captain Eckard is in charge of this operation. He’s a highly skilled warrior and a decent leader, but he’s getting on in years.
The Captain has many wrinkles on his face and even more on his mind.
Sources & references used in this article:
Production of tree roses on Rosa fortuneana stock. by SE McFADDEN – Proceedings of the Florida State Horticultural …, 1960 – cabdirect.org
A new trend in roses: tree roses. by S Kazaz, Ö Karagüzel, İ Baktır – Süleyman Demirel Üniversitesi Fen …, 2013 – cabdirect.org
Human apolipoprotein E isoform‐specific differences in neuronal sprouting in organotypic hippocampal culture by B Teter, PT Xu, JR Gilbert, AD Roses… – Journal of …, 1999 – Wiley Online Library
A spatially explicit estimate of avoided forest loss by J Honey‐Rosés, K Baylis, MI Ramirez – Conservation biology, 2011 – Wiley Online Library
Tissue culture of rootstocks of rosa banksiae var. normalis Reg. on tree roses by Y Xiaoli – Plant Physiology Communications, 2005 – europepmc.org
Wake up and smell the roses: the ecology and evolution of floral scent by RA Raguso – Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and …, 2008 – annualreviews.org