Pepper Blossoms Falling Off The Plant: What Causes It?
The first thing that needs to be known is that there are different types of pepper plants. They all have their own characteristics and they all need to be cared for accordingly. There are several reasons why the flowers of a particular type of pepper plant will stop growing or even drop off completely.
It could be due to lack of water or too much.
You might have been watering them too often and they just got tired of it. You may have been neglecting them for too long and now they are ready to go out of the garden! If you haven’t watered your pepper plants at all then you need to start doing so immediately.
Watering the plants every day is fine, but if you don’t give them enough water, then they won’t grow properly anymore.
Another reason why the flowers of a certain variety of pepper plant will fall off is because they are overgrown with other kinds of plants. For example, some varieties like Carolina Goldens and Habaneros tend to get overrun by other types of plants such as cacti, succulents and others. These other plants cause the soil around the pepper plant to become very poor and it causes problems for the roots.
The flowers also become less viable and less likely to bear any fruit.
If you are having problems with the flowers falling off your plants then follow the tips below:
Always make sure that the soil is gritty and has a lot of nutrients in it. It’s better if you use a liquid plant food for this as it will be easier to find a regular balance. If you live in an area that has hard water, consider using bottled water or installing a water softener.
Make sure that the plants get enough light. They need at least 6 hours of direct sunlight everyday in order to stay healthy and grow properly. If you grow your plants indoors, place them by a large window so that they can get the right amount of sunlight.
Otherwise, you will need to use grow lights.
If you notice a flower drop off or any other alarming symptom then isolate that particular plant immediately from the rest.
Be sure not to over water your plants as this is the leading cause of many problems. You should water the soil and not the plant because wet plants are more likely to get fungus. Make sure to water in the morning so that the plants have all day to dry off.
This will prevent the chances of fungal infections.
Be aware of the temperature as well. The ideal temperature range for your garden is between 75 and 90 degrees F. (23 – 32 degrees C).
Anything lower or higher than that can cause problems too. If your house is very hot or very cold, then try to keep the plants in a more comfortable room.
Try cutting off all of the flowers initially so that the plant will channel all of its energy towards growing bigger instead. Once it reaches a good size then you can allow it to flower if you want to. Some people prefer to allow their plants to flower because the fruit that comes after is often very potent.
If all else fails, you can always start over with a new plant.
In order to get good quality fruit from your plants you will have to give them the right amount of “love and care” otherwise you might only end up with nasty tasting fruit!
In the next section, we will discuss how to get your own seeds in the first place.
Sources & references used in this article:
Within-Plant Distribution of Frankliniella species (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) and Orius insidiosus (Heteroptera: Anthocoridae) in Field Pepper by EA Hansen, JE Funderburk, SR Reitz… – Environmental …, 2003 – academic.oup.com
Nitrogen and potassium fertility affects Jalapeño pepper plant growth, pod yield, and pungency by CD Johnson, DR Decoteau – HortScience, 1996 – journals.ashs.org
High fertigation frequency and phosphorus level: Effects on summer-grown bell pepper growth and blossom-end rot incidence by A Silber, M Bruner, E Kenig, G Reshef, H Zohar… – Plant and soil, 2005 – Springer
Dry matter assimilation and partitioning in pepper cultivars differing in susceptibility to stress-induced bud and flower abscission by AD Turner, HC Wien – Annals of Botany, 1994 – academic.oup.com