Sugarcane Care – Sugarcane Plant Info And Growing Tips
Growing Sugar Cane
There are many varieties of sugarcane grown worldwide. Some of them have been cultivated for centuries while others were introduced only recently. The most common types include:
White Sugar (Citrus) : White sugar cane is the most popular variety used in the United States. It grows well in humid climates and tolerates a wide range of soil types. It produces large bunches of white flowers which mature into small fruits.
They ripen from late summer through early fall and then drop off before they turn brown. These plants require little care other than regular fertilization, watering, pruning when necessary, and insect control.
Red Sugar (Carnation) : Red sugar cane is another type commonly found throughout the world. It grows best in arid regions with high temperatures. It tolerates a wide range of soils and needs very little attention other than regular fertilizer, watering, pruning when necessary, and insect control.
Black Sugar (Honey Locust) : Black sugar cane is native to Africa but it was brought to the Caribbean Islands during Spanish colonization. Its name comes from its black seeds which resemble honeycomb. It grows best in warm and humid climates and needs regular water and fertilizer, but it thrives without it.
It does not produce mature fruit when cross-pollinated with other varieties.
Albino Sugar (Lavender) : This is a rare variety of sugar cane that was first discovered in the late 1800s by an American farmer. Albino sugar cane looks similar to white sugarcane, but its flowers have a lavender hue. It grows best in arid and semi-arid regions with dry soil.
It tolerates a wide range of soils, but it requires regular water. If you treat this type of cane with care, it can grow up to be up to twice as large as traditional types.
Purple Sugar (Plumeria) : This is another rare and unusual variety of sugar cane that was first discovered in the late 1800s by an American farmer. It is native to the Caribbean Islands and produces small fruits that are purple in color. It is drought-tolerant and grows best in dry and hot regions, but it needs regular water.
Yellow Sugar (Eucalyptus) : This uncommon type of sugar cane was first discovered in Australia. It grows best in dry and warm climates, but it can grow well in other conditions without any issues. The female flowers are bright yellow and the male flowers have a slightly blue hue.
It does not require much maintenance other than regular water, fertilizer, and pruning when necessary.
Green Sugar (Green Tea) : Native to Southeast Asia, green sugar cane was first introduced in America during the 1800s by a group of French farmers. It grows best in humid and semi-humid regions with wet or moist soil. It requires regular watering, but it can survive extended periods without water.
Green sugar cane is known for its high nutritional value and sweet flavor.
There are many other types of sugar cane that can be found in certain locales. Some include:
The most important thing to remember is never to cross-pollinate different types of sugar cane because the seeds will not grow into productive plants. The second most important thing is to remember is that different types of sugarcane mature at different times throughout the year. For example, most types of sugarcane mature within a three month period, from January to April.
You will find that each type of sugarcane matures at a different point within this time span.
Sugarcane can be harvested year-round if you grow multiple varieties and stagger their planting times. For example, if you plant one patch of harvestable sugarcane on the first day of the year and another on the last, you can harvest cane continually for up to six months.
After your sugarcane matures, cut the stalk close to the ground and remove any leaves that would hinder harvesting. Take the cane to a mill and process it into raw sugar which you can sell at a higher price than refined sugar. One mature stalk of sugarcane can produce up to 4 pounds of raw sugar.
Tip! Harvesting ripe sugarcane can be a hard and back-breaking job. Consider investing in a mule to help with the labor-intensive process of harvesting ripe stalks of sugarcane.
Mules can help you with other jobs around the farm, as well.
Note: You do not need to plant more than one variety of corn to satisfy your community’s hunger for it, because one type is sufficient to fulfill demand. The only reason why you might want to grow an alternative variety is if you find a better type that matures faster or yields more produce.
Sources & references used in this article:
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