What Is Garden Soil?
Garden soil is a type of organic matter which contains various elements such as humus, clay, sand, silt and other types of minerals. These elements are used in the formation of plant roots and stems. It provides nutrients to plants and helps them grow healthy. However it does not provide enough protection from pests or diseases since these factors can easily pass through it.
When using garden soil, it is recommended to use it at least once every two years. If you plan to keep your plants for longer periods of time, then you need to apply it regularly.
For example if you have a vegetable garden, then you may want to add some garden soil each year after planting the seeds.
The main purpose of applying garden soil is its ability to retain moisture and prevent erosion.
How To Make Garden Soil?
There are several ways to make garden soil. You can either dig a hole and pour the ingredients into it or you can soak the ingredients in water for a period of time before mixing them together. There are many different types of garden soils available. Some of them include:
Sand (sand) is one of the most common types of garden soil. It is a light-colored soil that has small granules.
It drains very quickly and does not absorb liquids very well. It can be used as a drainage medium for potted plants.
Silt (silt) is a very fine type of soil that is often found at the bottom of rivers and lakes. It often has a brown or black color and is very soft to touch.
This medium is slightly heavier than sand so it helps improve soil drainage.
Clay (clay) is a soil type that does not contain many air pockets. It often dries out very quickly and absorbs liquids for much longer periods of time.
Fertilizers do not work well with this soil so it is not a good option for growing plants.
Topsoil (topsoil) is one of the most popular types of garden soil. It is dark in color and has a high nutrient content.
This soil type is easy to work with and does not cause problems such as erosion or water drainage issues. It is often used for farming activities.
Compost (compost) is often used by people who have their own gardens at home. It is a great natural fertilizer that helps plants grow at an accelerated rate.
It also contains all the necessary nutrients that are required for healthy plant development.
Manure (manure) contains nutrients such as nitrogen and phosphorus which help plants develop at a fast rate. It is often used by owners of large farms since they have plenty of animals to spare.
Gardeners should be cautious when working with this soil since it may contain various types of infections or bacteria.
Peat (peat) is one of the slowest draining types of garden soil. It also contains very few nutrients and does not improve the development of plants.
This medium contains a lot of air pockets which help improve drainage. It is often used as a cheap replacement for garden soil.
Perlite (perlite) is a type of volcanic rock that has been heat-treated to form little white crystals. These crystals help add more air to the soil and help it drain at a faster rate.
This medium does not contain many nutrients so you may have to apply fertilizer on top of it.
Sources & references used in this article:
Use of agricultural by‐products to study the pH effects in an acid tea garden soil by N Wang, JY Li, RK Xu – Soil use and management, 2009 – Wiley Online Library
Sources, sinks, and exposure pathways of lead in urban garden soil by HF Clark, DJ Brabander… – Journal of environmental …, 2006 – Wiley Online Library
The remediation of the lead-polluted garden soil by natural zeolite by H Li, W Shi, H Shao, M Shao – Journal of Hazardous Materials, 2009 – Elsevier
Soil survival of Escherichia coli O157:H7 acquired by a child from garden soil recently fertilized with cattle manure by A Mukherjee, S Cho, J Scheftel… – Journal of Applied …, 2006 – Wiley Online Library
Field evaluations on soil plant transfer of lead from an urban garden soil by CP Attanayake, GM Hettiarachchi… – Journal of …, 2014 – Wiley Online Library
Some heterotrophic flagellates from a cultivated garden soil in Australia by F Ekelund, DJ Patterson – Archiv für Protistenkunde, 1997 – Elsevier