What is a Chrysaora?
A chrysanthemum flower is actually a type of bract. A bract is basically a leafy part of the plant. Bracts are used in many ways, such as food, medicine or even decoration. Some plants have multiple bracts which produce different types of leaves. For example there are several kinds of flowers with two separate bracts (such as roses). There are also other plants with one bract (like daisies), but these tend to have small flowers.
The word “chrysanthemum” comes from the Greek words krysaos meaning “golden” and thymos meaning “flower”. The name was given because of their golden color. They were first cultivated in ancient Egypt and they were brought back to Europe during the Renaissance period.
Chrysanthemums are usually found growing in fields, gardens or on rooftops. They are very popular among gardeners because they grow well in most soils and thrive under a wide range of conditions. They prefer full sun and moderate temperatures. Most chrysanthemums will tolerate some shade, but they like bright light so make sure your house is at least partially shaded when you’re planting them!
How to Grow Chrysaoras?
Here’s what you will need to grow your own chrysanthemums:
Soil (they like a soil with good drainage)
Seed pellets (You can also use a small pot and mix in some potting soil if you want)
Watering can or hose (Use a watering can when the seedlings are young, then you can switch to a hose when they’re a little bigger)
When growing chrysaoras at home, you’ll need to transplant them into larger containers once they outgrow their initial container. Be careful when transplanting because the plants are very fragile when they’re small and can break easily. It’s a good idea to dig out a circle of soil around the roots with your hands before you attempt to pick up the plant. This will ensure that you don’t harm the roots when you pick it up.
If you live in a cold climate, you may want to construct a small greenhouse to protect your plants from extreme temperatures and drafts. They might not survive a winter outdoors!
When to plant chrysanthemums?
You can start planting your seeds inside anytime after the last frost passes. If you wanted to start them outside, you could wait until early spring or even late spring to plant them. It’s best to wait until the soil temperature is at least 45 degrees Fahrenheit before planting your seeds.
How deep should I plant my chrysanthemums?
The seeds need to be covered entirely with soil and space them about 1/4 of an inch apart. Once the plants start growing, thin them out so that they are about 2-4 inches apart.
How do I water my growing chrysanthemums?
Water your plants when the soil is dry to the touch. If you are using a hose, water them until the soil is saturated and dripping with water. Don’t give them so much water that it runs out of the bottom of the pot!
Fertilize them once every two weeks during the growing season with a fertilizer that has a higher amount of phosphorus in it (the second number on the package). This will help your plants produce more flowers.
How do I care for my growing chrysanthemums?
Pruning: Your plants will probably get some long stems with leaves on them. You can cut these back to improve air flow around the plant and to promote new growth in the center of the plant. Also, if you notice any diseased leaves or shoots, remove those at this time as well.
Repotting: After your plants reach about 5 inches in diameter, transplant them into a bigger pot. You want the root ball to be just beneath the surface of the soil. Make sure the pot has a drainage hole at the bottom!
Harvesting: Chrysanthemums can be harvested as soon as the flower petals are fully developed, but you should allow them to bloom fully. The more times you pick the flowers, the more flowers the plant will produce. The flowers can be cut and used in cooking or left to dry. After blooming, the flowers will develop seeds.
At this point, the petals will be brown and withered looking. You can allow these dried petals to fall off and use the seeds for the next growing season.
Your chryasanthemums can be grown as a annual or biennial. They might not live more than two years.
Caring for your dried chrysanthemums
Once the flowers fade and turn brown, you can allow them to dry on the plant. When you’re ready to use them, you can pull off the petals. Don’t worry about the little white parts in the center–they are still edible.
Chrysanthemums can be used in cooking or as an addition to your tea.
As with any wild plants, always be 100% sure of your identification before using them.
Where can I go to learn more about gardening?
The Internet is an invaluable resource for gardeners. Here are some websites that will help you learn more:
The Old Farmer’s Almanac provides detailed monthly guides for gardeners.
The Garden Web is a huge website where you can ask questions of experienced gardeners.
The National Gardening Association is a non-profit organization that helps people learn how to garden.
This wiki also has a Gardening Category that contains multiple articles on the subject.
Are there any Membership Clubs that help people garden?
Better Homes and Gardens is the most well-known magazine for home improvement. They have an entire section dedicated to gardening.
Garden Clubs are often found in most major cities and usually meet once a week to discuss gardening. They also offer lessons on how to garden.
The American Horticultural Society is a non-profit organization dedicated to advancing horticultural education, research, and information. They provide many resources for gardeners, whether you’re a beginner or an expert.
The Garden Conservancy works with private landowners to make gardens that are no longer being cared for available to the public. If you’re near anything on their Garden Trail, it would be worth driving there to see the stunning gardens in that area.
The Botanical Gardens are available in most major cities. They provide a place where people can see different types plants and flowers. Some have hiking trails and amusement parks for the whole family to enjoy.
Sources & references used in this article:
Flowering retardation by high temperature in chrysanthemums: involvement of FLOWERING LOCUS T-like 3 gene repression by Y Nakano, Y Higuchi, K Sumitomo… – … of experimental botany, 2013 – academic.oup.com
Mutation breeding of chrysanthemums by C Broertjes – Euphytica, 1966 – Springer
CsFTL3, a chrysanthemum FLOWERING LOCUS T-like gene, is a key regulator of photoperiodic flowering in chrysanthemums by A Oda, T Narumi, T Li, T Kando… – Journal of …, 2012 – academic.oup.com
Supplementary lighting for spray chrysanthemums by AE Canham – … on Protected Cultivation of Flowers and Vegetables 51, 1975 – actahort.org
Gibberellic acid signaling is required to induce flowering of chrysanthemums grown under both short and long days by B Dong, Y Deng, H Wang, R Gao, GK Stephen… – International journal of …, 2017 – mdpi.com
Flower induction in Japanese chrysanthemums with gibberellic acid by H Harada, JP Nitsch – Science, 1959 – science.sciencemag.org
Photoperiodic control of FT-like gene ClFT initiates flowering in Chrysanthemum lavandulifolium by J Fu, L Wang, Y Wang, L Yang, Y Yang, S Dai – Plant physiology and …, 2014 – Elsevier