Citrus Basil Varieties: Learn How To Grow Citrus Basil Plants
Lemon Basil (Origanum Lycopersicum) is one of the most popular varieties of citrus tree. Lemon basil grows well in temperate climates with good drainage conditions. Its small size makes it easy to grow indoors and outdoors. It tolerates poor soil quality, but prefers rich soil.
Lemon basil requires little care other than regular watering and fertilizing when needed. Lemon basil flowers are produced year round and last until frost. Lemon basil is a fast growing tree that produces large quantities of fruit.
The lemon basil plant grows best in full sun or partial shade. It tolerates heat and cold temperatures, but prefers cooler temperatures during the winter months. It does not tolerate drought conditions, so keep waterings frequent throughout the summer months. Keep your lemon basil away from strong winds and drafts because they will cause it to wilt quickly.
Citrus Basil Varieties: Learn How To Grow Citrus Basil Plants
Spicy Globe Basil (Ocimum spicatum) is another popular variety of citrus tree. Spicy globe basil grows well in all types of soils and can withstand dry conditions. It tolerates high levels of fertilizer, but prefers low amounts. Spicy globe basil flowers occur year round and last into fall.
The spicy globe basil plant grows best in full sun or partial shade. It tolerates some drought conditions, but prefers consistent waterings and high humidity. Keep the soil moist, but not soggy.
Spicy globe basil is slow to start, so it is best to start your seeds inside to hasten the process. Once your sprigs are firm and at least an inch long, plant them into a well-draining soil with some fertilizer added. Keep your sprigs watered and well-fertilized. Spicy globe basil prefers cooler temperatures, but does not tolerate frost or cold weather conditions.
Basil plant dying from bottom up
You probably have experienced a basil plant that starts to die from the bottom up. This is a very strange phenomenon and can be caused by several different factors.
The first cause of basil plant dying from bottom up is a mystery, but it has been seen to be genetic in nature. This means that if one plant dies for no apparent reason, all the other basil plants of that exact type will also die for no apparent reason.
This usually happens in older plants and does not seem to happen in new plants or plants of different types. Drip lines can cause the water to pool at the bottom of the plant and can also lead to basil plant dying from bottom up. Moving a plant to a new location can have the same effect because the soil tends to have different moisture levels in different locations.
These are just a couple reasons why this can happen, but if your basil starts to die from bottom up, you will need to discard it immediately and not use that soil again. It is possible that the soil has been contaminated in such a way that it is no longer good for growing plants at all.
Grow Lemon Basil (Ocimum Citriodorum) from seed and enjoy this delicious addition to your cooking! These seeds can be difficult to germinate and they need a lot of heat, so be prepared for a challenge! These seeds need to be soaked in water overnight before planting.
Fill a container with sand or pebbles. Add water and let the container sit for a few minutes. Dump out the water and then fill the container with damp sand or pebbles. Place your lemon basil seeds on top of the damp sand or pebbles.
Place a clear plastic bag over the container (ensure it is not in contact with the seeds) and add warm water to the bag until it reaches the same level as the sand/pebbles. Place the container in a warm location (80 degrees Fahrenheit) where it will receive full sunlight. Check the water level every day and add more as necessary. The seeds should sprout within 2 weeks, but may take up to two months in some cases.
Once the seeds have sprouted, they need to be gradually accustomed to living outside of water. Allow them to dry out slightly between waterings. When they are big enough to handle, transplant your seedlings to individual containers. Grow them in full sun for at least their first year, then move them to a shadier location.
These plants grow low to the ground and are very aromatic. They do not tolerate any frost. The best location is one that is sunny during the day and gets some shade during the heat of the afternoon. Also, they prefer sandy or well-drained soil.
Lemon basil can be harvested as soon as it reaches a height of 4 inches. Harvest frequently to keep the plant producing new leaves. Always cut the stems just above the first set of leaves when harvesting. The leaves can be dried for later use since it is not an especially good keeper.
Lemon basil is great in teas and with seafood, tomatoes and white wine. It also compliments many Italian recipes beautifully. The dried leaves can be used in potpourri and as a room freshener.
Lemon basil is not hardy so you will need to bring it indoors and place it in a sunny window. It needs to be watered frequently, but allow the soil to dry out between waterings. It will survive most winters as long as it is brought inside when the temperature starts to drop. It can also be mulched in the winter.
Lemon basil can be grown from seed, but it is a little tricky to get it to germinate. It can also be propagated by division in the spring.
See my recipe for a delicious Lemon Basil Pesto!
Lemon basil is also known as ‘Citroselinum’ and ‘Ocimum americanum’. It is widely used in Italian and Thai cooking and also goes well with fish, tomatoes and white wine.
The lemon scent of this herb makes it a perfect tea to drink before bedtime as it is supposed to help you sleep. Basil tea in general helps the digestive system function properly and gives your internal organs a good cleaning. Not only that but it is also a very soothing tea, especially for your throat.
Lemon basil (Ocimum americanum) is used to make tea, is a popular addition to tomato dishes and goes well with fish and white wine. It has a strong lemon scent and flavor.
Possible benefits of Ocimum basilicum include treatment of bacterial infections, skin problems such as warts, and fungal infections; antioxidant effects; and improved respiratory function. O. basilicum has been known to increase the likelihood of pregnancy during IVF treatment.
Basil may help fight gum disease by slowing down the formation of plaque and also helps fight bad breath. It is one of the ingredients in dentifrice (toothpaste). It’s also used as a curry ingredient and as a refreshing beverage, especially in Thailand where it is known to have analgesic and antimicrobial properties.
This annual herb is native to India, but is now widely cultivated in temperate climate zones, especially for its aromatic oil. It has a strong fragrance and flavor with a bit of a “bite”. Both the leaves and flowers are used in cooking. It has been used as food and medicine since Roman times.
It’s antimicrobial properties make it a good addition to the diet of those with weakened immune systems such as the very young and the old.
Sources & references used in this article:
Characterization of geraniol synthase from the peltate glands of sweet basil by Y Iijima, DR Gang, E Fridman, E Lewinsohn… – Plant …, 2004 – Am Soc Plant Biol
The biochemical and molecular basis for the divergent patterns in the biosynthesis of terpenes and phenylpropenes in the peltate glands of three cultivars of basil by Y Iijima, R Davidovich-Rikanati, E Fridman… – Plant …, 2004 – Am Soc Plant Biol
Chilling-induced changes in the antioxidant status of basil plants by A Kalisz, R Pokluda, A Jezdinský, A Sękara… – Acta Physiologiae …, 2016 – Springer
Predicting the response of plants to increasing carbon dioxide: a critique of plant growth models by JF Reynolds, B Acock – Ecological Modelling, 1985 – Elsevier
Overexpression of the lemon basil α‐zingiberene synthase gene increases both mono‐and sesquiterpene contents in tomato fruit by R Davidovich‐Rikanati, E Lewinsohn, E Bar… – The Plant …, 2008 – Wiley Online Library
Effects of carbon dioxide on photosynthesis, plant growth, and other processes by B Acock – Impact of carbon dioxide, trace gases, and climate …, 1990 – Wiley Online Library