Vegetable Intercropping Chart India
The Vegetable Intercropping Chart India is one of the most popular methods used to grow vegetables in India. There are many varieties of vegetables grown under intercrop systems. These include: tomatoes, peppers, eggplants, cucumbers, onions and beans.
You may have heard about intercropped vegetable garden before but you might not know much about it or how to start your own vegetable garden using this method.
Intercropping is a very simple way to grow vegetables. All you need is some space and soil. To make it work, you will need to plant seeds into the ground and then cover them with another layer of soil.
After planting, you can continue till the plants are ready to harvest when they reach a certain size. You can use different types of crops like: carrots, lettuce, cabbage etc.
In addition to growing vegetables, intercropping also helps in preserving food. When you grow vegetables together, you get more nutrients from the same amount of water. Also, if there are no pests attacking the crops at all, then they don’t rot easily either.
So far so good right?
Well yes and no. There are two major problems associated with intercropping vegetables: 1) it takes time; 2) it’s expensive!
As you can see in the image above, crop rotation makes perfect sense. You don’t want to keep growing carrots in the same place each year because the soil starts losing its nutrients. Crop Rotation means that farmers grow a series of different crops in a sequential and specific manner on their land.
Each year, they rotate the crops to a new section of their farm so that the soil can regenerate. It prevents the growth of disease and weeds.
One of the most important benefits of crop rotation is it prevents disease and pests. Certain types of plants are more susceptible to specific insects and diseases. Intercropping helps to confuse the pests so they don’t attack as much.
Growing a series of crops also helps minimize the nutrients in the soil so they don’t get into the hands of the wrong people.
Here’s how crop rotation works on a simple level:
Wouldn’t it be great if all farmers used crop rotation?
Unfortunately not all do. In some poor countries, farmers cannot always afford to rotate crops since they need every bit of land to maximize their yield. Also, they may lack the education or resources to use this system. That’s why it’s important to help underdeveloped countries by donating to organizations who help farmers in need.
Some of the best ways you can help farmers are by donating money or learning about crop rotation yourself so you can educate others.
It’s better to teach a man to fish than to give him a fish right?
In the long term, everyone will benefit.
Sources & references used in this article:
Vegetable growing handbook by WE Splittstoesser – 1990 – books.google.com
Effects of interplanting flowering plants on the biological control of corn earworm (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) and thrips (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) in sweet corn by R Manandhar, MG Wright – Journal of Economic Entomology, 2016 – academic.oup.com
Great garden companions: a companion-planting system for a beautiful, chemical-free vegetable garden by SJ Cunningham – 2000 – books.google.com
Effects of increased crop diversity using trap crops, flowering plants, and living mulches on vegetable insect pests by JC Piñero, R Manandhar – Trends Entomol, 2015 – researchgate.net