What Is A Tuber?
A tuber is a plant with roots which are not fleshy but rather soft like wood or bone. They may have stems, leaves, flowers or fruit. Some species grow underground while others live above ground. Most commonly they include all members of the Solanaceae family (including potatoes).
The word “tuber” comes from the Latin tuberosus, meaning “soft”. However, it is used to refer to any member of the Solanaceae family.
For instance, a tomato is a tuber. The term is also sometimes applied to other members of the same genus such as tomatoes and watermelons.
Tubers differ from bulbs because they do not produce seeds and their growth does not result in new shoots growing out of them when cut off. Instead, they simply die.
There are several different types of tuberous roots:
Dahlias are among the most common and easiest to recognize. These plants typically grow at the base of trees and shrubs.
They are often found near streams or ponds where they provide shelter for aquatic animals such as frogs, salamanders, etc. They are also usually found in animal dung or near areas of rich soil.
Tomatoes and potatoes are also common tubers. These plants cannot survive extreme cold so they usually grow around buildings such as houses, barns, or sheds.
They are also common sights in forests where there is lots of moisture and shade.
Tuberous roots can be cooked and eaten. The types of tubers that humans consume most often are potatoes and sweet potatoes.
The word “tuber” is also used to refer to a type of bulbous root that looks a bit like an onion or garlic clove. It is smaller than these two bulbs and does not produce a stalk.
It is usually white and has one smooth side while the other side has “eyes” or a small indentation in the skin. These are normally planted and grown just like onions or garlic but can also be cooked like potatoes.
Sources & references used in this article:
Physiology of tuberization in plants.(Tubers and tuberous roots.) by LE Gregory – Differenzierung und Entwicklung/Differentiation and …, 1965 – Springer
Possible involvement of jasmonates in various morphogenic events by Y Koda – Physiologia Plantarum, 1997 – Wiley Online Library
Description of purple and yellow nutsedge (Cyperus rotundus and C. esculentus) by GD Wills – Weed Technology, 1987 – JSTOR