Common Boxwood Varieties: Learn About Different Types Of Boxwoods
Baby Gem Boxwood (Gemma glauca)
The Baby Gemboxwood is one of the most common species of boxwood in North America. It grows to about 2 feet tall and 3 inches wide at maturity.
They are sometimes called “baby tree” because they grow so quickly, but they have a long life span due to their hardy nature. These trees are often used for firewood or lumber.
They are usually found in moist forests where there is plenty of moisture and shade from other trees. Their preferred habitat is deciduous forest, but they will survive in some semi-arid areas too.
Because of their fast growth rate, they require lots of space and light to thrive. If left unattended, these trees can easily become invasive since they spread rapidly and compete with native plants for sunlight.
Boxwood (Carya ovata)
The Boxwood is another common species of woody plant that can be found growing in many places around the world. They are typically small shrubs or small trees, but they do grow up to 10 feet tall and 30 feet across.
They prefer dry habitats such as deserts, grasslands, rocky hillsides and open woodland areas. In general, boxwoods are drought tolerant and adapt well to a variety of conditions.
Although these trees are not particularly common in North America, they can be found growing in the southern United States and a few places in the Southwest. They prefer dry conditions with sandy, gravely and rocky soil.
They have a long taproot which makes them less susceptible to frost. The Boxwood is a durable tree and can survive in desert conditions for many years without much water.
Dwarf Boxwood (Buxus microphylla ‘Nana’)
The Dwarf Boxwood is a very popular type of small, evergreen shrub that is commonly used for topiary and hedges. They are low-maintenance and require little maintenance other than pruning.
These plants grow slowly and stay compact enough to be able to shape into many different forms. Because of their small size and slow growth rate, they are not very suitable as a garden shrub.
They grow best in a container or planter and require regular maintenance such as pruning.
They have a long taproot which helps them access moisture from deep within the ground. This helps them survive in dry, arid soils where most plants would not be able to thrive.
In fact, boxwoods are so durable that they can be grown indoors as houseplants.
Because they are small evergreen plants, they are often used as ground cover in small spaces and around the base of large trees where grass does not grow. They also do well in rock gardens where soil is sparse.
They are often used for formal hedges, but they can also be pruned into topiaries or balled and shaped to create unique garden ornaments. They are very tolerant of pruning and shearing so they can be shaped into just about any form you want.
Because they are slow growing, boxwoods are long-lasting plants that stay in good condition for many years. They can easily be propagated by cutting off branches and replanting them.
They also don’t produce many flowers, but they do have small, dark berries that remain on the plant after they fall off. These berries are commonly eaten by birds and other small animals.
Hawthorn (Crataegus sp.)
The hawthorn tree is a small tree or large shrub that grows wild in many places around the world. It has a distinctive appearance with its fruits, red leaves and thorns, making it easy to recognize from a distance.
In some cultures, the hawthorn is considered to be a sacred tree and symbolic of love, marriage and fertility.
These trees prefer open, sunny areas with dry, well-drained soils. They are capable of growing in harsher conditions such as dry or poor soils and can survive in areas with low water availability.
They are known as pioneer species because they are some of the first plants to grow and thrive in previously undisturbed lands.
The hawthorn has beautiful white flowers with a faint sweet scent and white thorns. It produces round berries that are red when they are young and turn dark as they mature.
These berries are edible, but many people find their taste to be sour and unpalatable. The leaves of the hawthorn turn a bright red or purple color in the fall.
The hawthorn tree is used for many purposes by people around the world. Its wood is not suitable for many purposes, however, it is very popular for crafting woodwind musical instruments, especially flutes.
Its berries have been used to make medicine to treat a variety of ailments such as cardiovascular disease and high blood pressure. In some places, hawthorn fruits are used to make wine, jelly and jam. The thorns of the hawthorn tree are often used for crafts such as decorating candle holders and other types of decorative arts.
The hawthorn is a popular garden shrub due to its beautiful flowers, colorful leaves and unique fruit. It is often used in the landscape as an ornamental hedge because of its dense growth habit.
It is also used as a border or foundation planting because it can be constrained easily with fencing.
Hawthorn trees are a favorite among birds, who eat the fruit and nest in the dense branches. The hawthorn is also a favorite food of the honeybee, so if you want bees for your garden, planting hawthorn is a good way to attract them.
Juniper (Juniperus sp.)
The juniper is a coniferous evergreen shrub or tree that is very common around the world. There are several species of junipers, but they are all rather similar in appearance and characteristics.
The juniper tree has a very low, creeping growth habit that makes it ideal for topiary. It has tiny, scalelike leaves that are a bluish-green in color and produce a potent smelling pine resin.
The juniper berry is the tree’s most famous feature and is used to flavor foods such as gin. The fruit is dark blue and covered in a sticky resin that can be harnessed to prevent bacteria growth.
Junipers grow well in dry, rocky or sandy soils and are very tolerant of salty conditions. They are commonly found on hillsides or mountainsides as part of a diverse ecosystem.
Some species of juniper can be very tall, while others remain shrub-like in size. The bark of the tree is usually gray or brown and helps to protect the inner layers of the tree from severe weather.
The juniper is a popular ornamental shrub because of its evergreen nature, ability to adapt to different conditions and abundance of berries. They are often used in xeriscapes or other areas where water conservation is important.
The berries are also used to flavor foods such as game and pork, especially when a milder flavor is desired over the more traditional bay leaves which can be overpowering.
Cedar (Cedrus sp. )
The Cedar is a coniferous evergreen that is native to the mountains of Eurasia and North Africa, but has been introduced to North America and is popular in the Pacific Northwest. There are several species of cedar, but they are all very similar in appearance and characteristics.
Cedars are large trees that have a wide spreading canopy and grow very straight. The bark is a red-brown color and the needles are slightly curved and sharp.
They have small, scaly cones that are usually purple or blue in color. The wood is soft, but very durable and resistant to rot, which makes it a favorite for building ships and decking.
The cedar has a strong scent that repels mosquitoes and other biting insects. This makes it ideal for lining walkways and benches where people like to linger.
Cedar is also commonly used to make shoe cabinets and closets because of its natural repellent properties.
The cedar is a popular ornamental tree because of its beautiful appearance, but it doesn’t tolerate heat and requires relatively high humidity to thrive. It is fairly resistant to disease and insect damage and grows well in most soil types.
The tree can grow to more than 100 feet in height and have a dense canopy. It is a relatively long lived tree and can survive for more than 200 years. Many species of cedar are sold as ornamental trees for private gardens or public parks.
Doum Palm (Hyphaene thebaica)
The Doum palm is a distinct species of palm tree that is common in the drier regions of Northern Africa and the Middle East. It is also known as the fooch or dum palm and has been cultivated for thousands of years for food, thatching and roofing material, medicine and more.
The trunk of the doum palm is thick and covered with black scales.
Sources & references used in this article:
Resistance of Boxwood Varieties to the Boxwood Leafminer, Monarthropalpus flavus (Schrank) by G d’Eustachio, M Raupp – Journal of Environmental …, 2001 – meridian.allenpress.com
Selecting landscape plants: Boxwoods by AX Niemiera – 2018 – vtechworks.lib.vt.edu
Direct and indirect effects of imidacloprid on fecundity and abundance of Eurytetranychus buxi (Acari: Tetranychidae) on boxwoods by A Szczepaniec, MJ Raupp – Experimental and Applied Acarology, 2013 – Springer
Boxwoods by SJ Record, GA Garratt – 1925 – elischolar.library.yale.edu
Management of Calonectria pseudonaviculata in Boxwood with Fungicides and Less Susceptible Host Species and Varieties by JA LaMondia – Plant disease, 2015 – Am Phytopath Society
Evaluating Boxwood Susceptibility to Calonectria pseudonaviculata Using Cuttings from the National Boxwood Collection by N Shishkoff, M Daughtrey, S Aker… – Plant Health …, 2015 – Am Phytopath Society
Boxwood blight: a new scourge, a new paradigm for collaborative research by CL Palmer – Outlooks on Pest Management, 2014 – ingentaconnect.com
Studies on the Control of Cylindrocladium buxicola Using Fungicides and Host Resistance by B Henricot, C Gorton, G Denton, J Denton – Plant Disease, 2008 – Am Phytopath Society