Repotting Cyclamen Plants: Tips On Repotting A Cyclamen Plant
Cyclamen plants are one of the most popular houseplants in the world. They have been used since ancient times as decorative objects or even as medicine. Today they are widely cultivated for their beautiful flowers and colorful foliage. There are many different types of cyclamen species which vary greatly in size, shape, coloration and other characteristics. Some of them are very hardy, while others may not survive cold winters.
The following list includes some of the most common types of cyclamen plants and their recommended time to repot them:
Cyclamen ‘Gardenia’ (Calypso) – These plants grow well in medium to high light conditions with good drainage. They need a minimum amount of water during dry periods but will thrive if given plenty of it throughout the year. If grown in full sun, they will often bloom profusely.
Cyclamen ‘Lilium’ (Leaf Lily) – These plants prefer bright indirect sunlight and do better in slightly acidic soil than in alkaline soil. They require a little less water than Gardenia and Lilium plants, but still need at least twice as much as most other cyclamen varieties.
Cyclamen ‘Luteum’ (Cranesbills) – Cransbills can be grown as either annuals or perennials. They do best in moderately fertile, well-drained soil and only require a moderate amount of water. They can tolerate full sun and are relatively drought tolerant.
Cyclamen ‘Persian Violet’ (Violet) – Violets prefer full shade and relatively cool temperatures. They grow best in rich, humus-rich soil that is kept evenly moist. They can survive long, cool winters and should be brought indoors before the first frost.
Cyclamen ‘Rosa Bailey’ (Roseum) – Roses bloom usually once during the period of growth and then die. They thrive in moderately fertile, well-drained soil and a minimum amount of water. They prefer cool temperatures and full shade but can tolerate warm summers and direct sunlight.
When to Repot a Cyclamen
Cyclamen plants are often over-potted, which leads to root restriction and the eventual death of the plant. If a pot is too small for a plant to grow into, it should be transplanted into a larger container. Most cyclamen plants will require repotting every 2 years, but some can go as long as 3 years without being transplanted. The best time to repot a plant is right after it blooms. If you notice the plant has started to grow out of its pot, then it is time to repot it.
It is important that you do not wait too long to re-pot your plant, as a very small but significant percentage of people are allergic to the pollen produced by these plants. If you notice that your eyes become itchy and begin to swell or your throat feels scratchy after being in the vicinity of these plants for a long period of time, it is recommended that you either move the plant out of the area where you spend most of your time, or get rid of it completely.
How to Repot a Cyclamen
1. Fill a pot with potting soil that is acidic, but not overly acidic. Most plants do best in soil that has a pH between 5.5 and 6.5.
There are several types of potting soil available at most garden centers, so you should have no trouble finding one that is right for your particular plant.
2. Gently remove the plant from its current container and lightly separate the roots with your hands. If the root system is confined in a ball, spread it out with your hands so that the original root ball is now a flat cake.
3. Place the plant in the middle of the pot.
Fill in around it with potting soil and lightly firm when finished. Water until the water seeps out of the bottom of the pot – don’t water to the point that it’s swimming in water, but don’t forget to water either.
4. Place the plant in a location that receives ample sunlight or, if it’s a shade lover, move it to a shadier area.
Water it thoroughly and then apply a thin layer of mulch around the plant to retain moisture and keep the soil cool.
Different types of plants require repotting at different intervals. Here are the repotting intervals for some popular plants:
Cacti and succulents: Repot every 2 years
Philodendron: Repot every 2 years
Pothos and rubber plants: Repot every 2 to 3 years
English ivy: Repot every year or two
Jade: Repot every 2 to 3 years
Christmas cactus: Repot every year or two
Dracaena: Repot every 2 to 3 years
Aloe: Repot every 2 to 3 years
Bromeliad: Repot every 2 to 3 years
Orchid: Repot every 2 to 3 years
Succulent: Repot every 2 to 3 years
As you can see from the list above, there are varying opinions on the best time to repot a plant. Some say you should repot as soon as it has outgrown its container, whether that takes one year or three. Others say you should wait until the plant has completely filled its pot before re-potting. Ultimately it is up to you to decide when to re-pot your houseplants.
Now that you know how to re-pot a plant, why not try it out on your own houseplants?
Keep in mind that the information listed above is just a guide. There are always exceptions, especially when it comes to rare or uncommon plants. If you happen to own one of these rare plants and are unsure of its requirements, it is best to do some research before attempting to re-pot it. Better safe than sorry!
Sources & references used in this article:
Cyclamen: a guide for gardeners, horticulturists and botanists by C Grey-Wilson – 2015 – books.google.com
Plate 347. Cyclamen colchicum by C Grey‐Wilson, R Wilford – Curtis’s Botanical Magazine, 1998 – Wiley Online Library
347. CYCLAMEN COLCHICUM: Primulaceae by C Grey-Wilson, R Wilford – Curtis’s Botanical Magazine, 1998 – JSTOR
Flowering Response of Cyclamen persicum to Temperature and Photoperiod According to Growth Stages for Energy Cost Saving Production by YH Lee, JH Park, W Oh, KS Kim – 한국원예학회 학술발표요지, 2005 – dbpia.co.kr
Care of flowering potted plants (2014) by DH Trinklein – Lawn and Garden, 2014 – mospace.umsystem.edu
IPM Series: Houseplants by V Peerless – 2017 – Dorling Kindersley Ltd