Coleus Care – Information On Growing Coleus
Coleus Care is one of the most popular plants in the garden. It grows well in almost any climate conditions and it’s easy to grow indoors. You can even propagate it from seed if you have access to some seeds. It doesn’t require much attention during its growing period and it produces lots of flowers every year. Its leaves are edible too.
The Coleus Plant is native to Europe and Asia. It belongs to the family Fabaceae which includes such plants as daisies, dandelions, chrysanthemums, comfrey, garlic mustard and many others. There are over 300 species of Coleus worldwide. They all belong to the genus Coleus (the common name comes from Latin meaning “of or relating to the needle”). The Coleus Family contains several hundred different species.
Some of them are used medicinally while others are ornamental.
How To Grow Coleus?
Growing Coleus is quite simple. It requires little attention during its growing season and it produces plenty of flowers every year. You can easily propagate it from seed if you have access to some seeds or clones. If not, then you will need to buy a starter kit online before planting your first plant. It’s a cheap investment and will make all the difference in your garden.
The first thing you need to know is that there are two Coleus varieties: annual and perennial. The annual type dies after it goes to seed. This means that you need to replant it every year. Most people prefer this type because the leaves change colour during the autumn, which makes the plant look even more interesting. The Red Coleus is an excellent example of an annual variety.
The Perennial Coleus plant lives for more than two growing seasons. It will produce fewer flowers on older stems during the second year of its life. After that it will start to grow a tuber or rhizome underground. This means that it won’t die after it produces seeds. Most people prefer this type because it requires less maintenance and you can enjoy its beauty for much longer. The Silver Painted Fingers is an excellent example of a Coleus plant.
The next step is to decide where you want to plant it. It grows well in almost any climate conditions and it’s easy to take care of, so you can pretty much plant it anywhere you want. Most people prefer to grow this plant indoors in pots or containers. You will need a sunny windowsill or a greenhouse to grow it outdoors.
Once you’ve decided where to plant your Coleus, you need to prepare the soil. Dig a hole in the ground and add some compost, manure or other types of fertiliser. Avoid using chemical fertilisers, as they can kill your plant. Make sure that the hole is deep enough. Coleus plants can grow up to 50cm if cultivated outdoors or up to 40cm if cultivated indoors.
Add some soil to the hole and then place the plant into it. Gently press the soil around the root ball and add more soil until the plant is at the right depth. Water it thoroughly to make sure there are no air pockets in the soil. Finally, give it some water every week to keep the humidity levels high. After a few weeks, you should see that the plant started growing leaves.
The next step is to decide whether to cultivate your Coleus indoors or outdoors. If you want to grow your Coleus indoors, then you need to place it in a pot or container filled with proper growing medium like soil, sand, perlite and vermiculite. Plant the Coleus roughly in the centre of the container to give it enough space to grow properly. Water the soil using a watering can after planting it. Don’t add too much water as this could cause root rot.
The soil should be damp but not wet. Finally, place it in a sunny windowsill to give it enough light. Water it every week to keep the humidity levels high. You should also check on the soil moisture levels once a week.
If you want to cultivate your Coleus outdoors, then you need to dig a small hole in the ground and plant the Coleus roughly in the centre of the hole to give it enough space to grow properly.
Sources & references used in this article:
Effect of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi and Pseudomonas fluorescens on root-rot and wilt, growth and yield of Coleus forskohlii by R Singh, TN Parameswaran… – Biocontrol Science …, 2009 – Taylor & Francis
Effect of Brassinosteroids on the Performance of Coleus (Coleus forskohlii) by KN Swamy, SSR Rao – Journal of herbs, spices & medicinal plants, 2011 – Taylor & Francis
The root endophyte fungus Piriformospora indica leads to early flowering, higher biomass and altered secondary metabolites of the medicinal plant, Coleus forskohlii by A Das, S Kamal, NA Shakil, I Sherameti… – Plant signaling & …, 2012 – Taylor & Francis
Effect of potential bioinoculants and organic manures on root‐rot and wilt, growth, yield and quality of organically grown Coleus forskohlii in a semiarid tropical region … by R Singh, A Kalra, BS Ravish, S Divya… – Plant …, 2012 – Wiley Online Library