Growing Yaupon Hollies: Learn About Yaupon Holly Care
The word “Yaupon” comes from the Native American language of the same name. It means “Holly Tree”. The plant itself is native to North America, but it was introduced into Europe around 1400 AD.
It became popular in England during the 16th century. Today, it’s grown all over the world.
There are two types of yaupon hollies: upright and creeping. Both types have their own characteristics, but they both grow in the same way. They’re both evergreen trees with small branches that are covered with tiny white flowers that bloom only once every few years.
There are many different varieties of yaupon holly, so which one do you want?
Yaupon holly is a species of evergreen shrub or small tree. It grows up to 30 feet tall and wide, but usually less than 10 feet high. Its leaves are opposite and alternate red and green; the veins run through them. When young, the leaves are bright yellowish-white, turning deep purple at maturity. The bark is smooth and light brown, with numerous black spots along its length. Yaupon holly is a native of North America.
Elite Yaupon: The most common type of yaupon you’ll find in nurseries, this variety has an average growth rate and thrives in almost any climate, making it perfect for landscapes or farms. It’s green leaves turn purple as they mature, and the terminal flowers are small and yellow.
Gulf Yaupon: Also known as the Spanish Yaupon, this type is slightly smaller than the common yaupon. It has dark green leaves and bright terminal flowers that are yellow and urn-shaped. Native to the Southeastern United States, it prefers dry soil and is more resistant to cold than the common yaupon.
Brazos Yaupon: One of the smallest types, this plant is easy to care for. It has dark green leaves and bright yellow flowers that bloom in the summer. Native to Texas, it can survive in dry soil and extreme weather conditions.
Monterrey Yaupon: The rarest type of yaupon, this shrub has dark green leaves and reddish purple flowers. In the summer, it bears tiny black berries. Native to Central and Southern Texas, it prefers warm and dry soil.
How to Care for a Yaupon Holly
Yaupon hollies are easy to care for. They thrive in full or partial sun and grow best in well-draining soil, such as sand. They grow slowly, making them great for people or animals that like to eat plants.
Because it takes a long time for yaupon holly to grow, they usually dry up before small animals can reach the leaves.
Yaupon hollies make great hedges. They form a thick, bushy plant that grows up to 10 feet tall and 5 feet wide. If they’re pruned correctly, they also work as walls or small fences.
They can also be used as decorations. Yaupon holly is ornamental, meaning it has flowers, berries, or bark that people like to look at. The flowers are small, white, and bell-shaped.
They bloom from the tips of branches on cymes (clusters). The berries are dark blue and round and remain on the plant during winter.
Yaupon holly grows in the wild in large parts of the Southern United States.
Sources & references used in this article:
Black drink: a Native American tea by CM Hudson – 2004 – books.google.com
Ilex vomitoria Ait. by PF Sheet, GC Page – Citeseer
HOLLY SOCIETY JOURNAL VOLUME 34 NUMBER 2 2016 by J Farmer – hollysocam.org
SOME HOLLY (ILEX) IN CULTIVATION by G Eisenbeiss – Arboricultural Journal, 1983 – Taylor & Francis
Review and Propagation of the Holly Slope by L Sweeney – 2014 – repository.upenn.edu