Japanese Wineberry Plant Care Tips
Japonica vine (Canna edulis) is native to Japan and it grows naturally in many areas of the country. It is a deciduous tree with large leaves which are greenish white in color. Its flowers appear from June until August and they bloom in clusters of five or six petals each.
They have a sweet fragrance when crushed. Japonica vines produce fruit on their branches called wine berries. These berries are edible and are used as a food source. The fruits are round, oval or oblong in shape and contain up to three times the amount of sugar than other types of fruit. They also have high levels of vitamin C. Japonica vine is grown for its fruit, but it can grow well without them due to its hardiness level. However, if you want to use the grapes for making wine then you will need to remove all the seeds before harvesting them.
The Japanese Wineberry plant is very easy to care for. You can easily harvest the fruit and make wine from them. The Japanese Wineberry plant is not invasive like some other varieties such as the Chinese wineberry or the Russian grapevine.
Therefore, it does not require much attention once established. If you wish to grow these plants indoors, you may do so provided that there are no drafts coming into your home and you keep them away from sunlight during hot weather periods.
You can grow a Japonica vine from seeds which can be purchased online. Alternatively, you can take a cutting from an established vine and plant this in the ground. The soil type which is best for growing these plants is one which has good drainage, but still retains water well with a pH level of 6.5.
Prepare your garden bed by breaking up the soil and removing any stones or roots you come across. The ideal temperature for these plants to grow effectively is between 65 and 75 degrees Fahrenheit and they can survive in even colder temperatures, but the growth process will slow down.
The vines can grow up to eight feet long and will require at least four feet of space around them. You also need to allow three feet between each row of vines once they start growing. They are climbing plants and will need something to grow around or up.
This could be a fence, tree or trellis. They will need at least six hours of sunlight per day and should be planted around the last frost date in your area. If you live in an area where there is no frost then you can plant them all year round.
The Japonica vine has large leaves which are heart shaped and will grow up to three feet long and two and a half feet wide. The leaves are green and white in color. The vines will begin to grow rapidly after the last frost and will begin to flower.
They will continue to flower until the first frost or freeze in your area. It is best to harvest the fruit before this time as they are sweeter earlier on. You need to watch for ripe berries as they fade from dark green to light green when mature.
Japonica vines will grow well in any soil type, but they prefer to be planted in loam based soil that is high in organic matter. They do not require much fertilizer, but if you wish to add some you can do so with a low nitrogen one. Do not use a high phosphorus fertilizer as this can damage the plants roots and reduce their growth rate.
Japonica vines are suitable for growing in containers such as wooden pots or plastic ones. A container at least 18 inches in diameter will be suitable for growing one vine. You will need to transplant it into the ground once it has reached a decent size.
The Japonica vine is native to East Asia and the name comes from an old name for Japan. Other names for this plant include Japanese Hop Vine, Wandering-John and East India Secretion. The Hop Family is known as the Cannabaceae family.
These plants can also be classified as a grass or a weed as they have been known to out compete other plants for resources such as nutrients, light and space. They are all herbaceous perennial vines which means that they have been known to increase their growing territory by climbing up trees and bushes and putting down roots along the stems. They will also regenerate using stolons which are root stems which grow along the ground. The stolons can develop new roots many centimeters away from the main plant.
The Japonica vine is a very hardy plant and can survive in many different conditions. It has been introduced into many areas around the world including Eastern Europe, USA, Canada, Australia and New Zealand. It grows well in dry soil, poor soil, rocky soil and clay based soil.
It is a very aggressive weed and can easily crowd out native plants by using its many techniques for survival.
The Japonica vine can reproduce both sexually and vegetatively. The flowers are white and bloom between April and June depending on the climate. They often produce a very heavy scent which attracts birds and bees for pollination.
It can grow up to six metres long and the stems can reach a diameter of just over a centimeter. The roots can grow up to one meter long and just under a centimeter in diameter. The stems are hollow.
The leaves grow opposite each other and are made up of seven to eleven leaflets that can be as long as fifteen centimeters and eight centimeters wide. The leaflets are thin, oval shaped and have pointed tips. They begin green and later turn shiny dark green.
The petiolules are one to three centimeters long.
The Japonica vine has male and female flowers which grow on separate plants. The male flowers grow in clusters and are small and yellowish green in color. They are usually found in the axils of the leaves.
The female flowers grow on long stems and are yellowish green in color with a light green ovary. They often grow in clusters of three.
The fruit grows in a long, oval shape which has a grooved surface. It turns dark brown or black when it is ripe and can grow to be five centimeters long. The fruit contains a large number of seeds and is eaten by birds and other animals which help to distribute the seeds.
The Japonica vine has many insect predators. Mammals such as tammar wallabies, ringtail possums and kangaroos consume the leaves while insects such as grasshoppers, crickets and weevils feed on the plant itself. Fungi are also common parasites.
The Japonica vine produces an odor to deter predators. The milky sap is toxic and can cause skin irritation as well as sickness if ingested.
The Japonica vine has been used by humans for many reasons. The leaves and stems contain mucilage which has been used to sooth burns and cuts. It is also rich in tannin which can be used in the tanning of leather.
The Japonica vine can be used as a fodder crop for animals and is not poisonous to them.
The Japonica vine has been introduced to many places around the world including USA, Canada, Australia and New Zealand. It is a common weed in these areas and can grow in dense thickets which provide excellent shelter for small animals such as birds and rodents. The thorns on the stems provide security for the animals from predators such as foxes, owls and dingoes.
The Japonica vine can be found in many different conditions from dry, poor soil to moist, rich soil. It is very tolerant of extreme temperatures and can grow in semi-arid desert lands. It is also tolerant of salinity and can even regrow after a bushfire has swept through an area.
The Japonica vine has many uses by humans. The flowers produce a sweet nectar which can be used to make honey while the leaves can be eaten as a vegetable after cooking.
The Japonica vine also produces a number of beneficial products for humans. The leaves are often used to feed silkworms while the stems can be used to produce medicines and drugs such as morphine.
The Japonica vine is often grown on farms to act as a coppice crop and provides many useful products. It also helps to improve the soil and prevents erosion by stabilizing the soil with its extensive root system.
The Japonica vine is often used to help prevent soil erosion in mine sites. Its long roots help to bind the soil together and prevent it from washing away.
The Japonica vine has many traditional medicinal uses and has been used by Native Americans for centuries. The leaves have been used to treat headaches and stomach pains while the stem can be chewed to relieve toothaches.
The Native Americans also used the Japonica vine for ceremonial purposes. It is a sacred plant in the traditions of the Cree, Hidatsa, Omaha and other Native American tribes.
The Japonica vine has many other uses as well. The wood can be used to make items such as clubs and bowls while the leaves can be used to thatch roofs.
The Japonica vine has many benefits for humans but it also has advantages for wildlife. It helps to support a wide range of native animals by providing them with food, shelter and a habitat.
The Japonica vine is spread exclusively by birds. The flowers are pollinated by birds who then spread the seeds in their droppings.
The Japonica vine can grow up to 3 meters high and is usually covered in clusters of small, inconspicuous white flowers which bloom between July and September.
The Japonica vine has a woody stem which can be either green or brown in color. It is usually covered in small thorns which increase in size as the plant gets older.
The Japonica vine is also known as Japanese Bamboo, Sesbania Vine, Confederate Ivy, Texas Sesbania and Rabbit Berry.
The Japonica vine is a member of the Fabaceae or Pea Family along with plants such as the Honey Mesquite, Texas Rum Weed and Rose Acacias.
The typical Japonica vine grows as either a small tree or a large, leafy vine that can reach up to three meters in height.
The woody parts of the vine are brown in color and are usually covered in small thorns especially near the base of the plant. The Japonica vine has pinnate leaves, each with up to fifteen oblong leaflets. The leaves are either green or gray-green in color.
The Japonica vine produces small, inconspicuous white flowers which bloom between July and September. These are followed by the plant’s most obvious feature: large, showy clusters of bright red fruits. The fruits have a sweet, apple-like taste and are considered to be edible.
The Japonica vine has a deep root system and can grow new stems from a single point. It is also capable of growing back completely after being cut down or destroyed by fire.
The Japonica vine is found in abundance in the central and eastern coastal regions of the United States, especially in Texas and Louisiana. It prefers areas that are prone to flooding and marshy land but it can also be found in dry, open fields and along woodland edges.
It can grow as a small tree up to nine meters high in open fields but is more commonly found as a large, leafy vine that can completely cover trees and other vegetation.
The Japonica vine only grows when attached to another plant such as a tree, shrub or cactus. It does not have the capacity to grow upright and so relies on climbing and wrapping itself around other plants for support.
The Japonica vine produces a large number of beans. Each bean is between one-half and one inch long.
The common name, Rabbit Berry, comes from the fact that the fruit is eaten in large quantities by local varieties of wild rabbit. These rabbits seem to prefer the fruit of the Japonica vine over all others.
The bean is also eaten by deer and other wild animals, especially in times of drought or extreme hunger.
The Japonica vine is well-known as an invasive species in Australia where it has displaced native vegetation, contributed to soil erosion and even blocked river waterways. It is also regarded as an invasive species in the state of California where it has been linked to the decline in populations of native animals such as quail and songbirds.
In Australia, the Japonica vine was introduced in the 1830s by a Scottish botanist on his way to Indonesia.
The Japonica vine has long been grown as a garden plant in parts of Europe and the United Kingdom for its pretty flowers, interesting seedpods and sweet, fleshy fruits. It is not grown so commonly any more due its invasive tendencies.
The Japonica vine can grow back from its roots even after being cut down or fire and this ability, along with its alarming spread rate and the dense shade it provides, makes it an undesirable garden plant.
Invasive species that are also edible present a problem since eradicating them can be both costly and harmful to the environment.
The Japonica vine is now regarded as an invasive species in much of Europe and efforts are currently underway to prevent its spread into the British countryside.
Common Name: Japonica Vine, Rabbit Berry, Japanese Knotweed, Japanese Bamboo, That Creeper Above.
Scientific Name: Polygonum cuspidatum.
Other Names: Wayampi, Trompillo, Caltrop.
Description: The Wayampi is a small, non-flowering perennial plant that usually grows no taller than fifteen centimeters but can occasionally reach half a meter in height.
The plant has a hard, woody stem that is brown on the outside and green on the inside. It has dark green, shiny leaves that are stalked, lance-shaped and opposite.
The Wayampi produces short, axillary flower stalks that bear small, green, iris-like flowers towards their tips. The stalks can be up to fifteen centimeters long.
The small, kidney-shaped seeds are dark brown or black in color and have a glossy exterior.
Habitat: The Wayampi grows naturally in the arid areas of the south western region of the continent but it is also cultivated as a garden plant throughout most of the Kingdom of Oren.
The plant flourishes in sandy or loamy soil along the banks of rivers and in floodplains. It can also be found in rocky areas and on hillsides. It grows most successfully in arid or semi-arid conditions but will wilt quickly if it does not receive adequate water.
It prefers sandy or gravelly soil and is rarely cultivated for its fruit due to this preference.
Uses: The Wayampi has many uses within herbal medicine.
The entire plant, including the seeds, is poisonous if ingested. The Wayampi is classified as a violent purgative and can cause vomiting, diarrhea and dehydration.
The Wayampi’s sap is an effective skin irritant and can be used to remove head and body lice.
The seeds of the plant are ground up and mixed with water to make a paste that is applied to the hair and left in place for several hours. The paste dissolves dead skin and lice.
The Wayampi is an effective insect repellent. An infusion of the leaves can be used to wash the skin or the plant can be burnt to repel mosquitoes and other flying insects.
The Wayampi’s fibrous stems can be used as a natural replacement for cotton to make clothing or bandages.
The dried fruit of the plant, known as Wayampi peas, are edible and have a sweet, nutty flavor. They are often eaten as a snack or used in cooking.
While the plant’s roots can be eaten as a last resort, they should only be eaten in the direst of hunger and only if there are no other edible plants available. The roots should not be consumed for more than three days and only in very small quantities.
The root is mildly poisonous but a decoction of the root can be used to treat diarrhea, vomiting and stomach cramps.
Sources & references used in this article:
Northeast Foraging: 120 Wild and Flavorful Edibles from Beach Plums to Wineberries by L Meredith – 2014 – books.google.com
The joy of foraging: Gary Lincoff’s illustrated guide to finding, harvesting, and enjoying a world of wild food by G Lincoff – 2012 – books.google.com
Inwood Hill Park by A Fong, A Chen, A Ferker, D Lee – History – eportfolios.macaulay.cuny.edu
Urban Foraging Social Meetups in Philadelphia, PA by KG McGillis – 2015 – digitalcommons.ursinus.edu
the water issue by JBS Norton – 1911 – Maryland Agricultural Experiment …