White Pine Tree Information – Learn How To Plant A White Pine Tree
The white pine tree is one of the most popular plants in the world. It grows naturally in North America, Europe, Asia and Australia. The white pine tree is native to northern regions of Canada and Russia.
The white pine tree was introduced into North America by European settlers in the 1600’s. Today it is found throughout much of the United States, Canada and Mexico. There are several varieties of white pine tree. They range from small shrubs to large trees with a diameter of up to 15 feet (4 m). The species name “pinus” means “white”.
How To Plant A White Pine Tree?
There are many different ways to plant a white pine tree. Some prefer having a single tree planted close by while others like multiple trees spaced out over a larger area. There are also those who prefer a mixture of both methods.
Planting White Pines For Privacy:
In order to maximize your privacy, you may want to plant two or three white pine trees around the house. These trees will provide shade and protection from the sun during hot summer days. You’ll need to make sure that there are no other trees nearby when planting these white pines because they will compete for sunlight and water resources with your new neighbors!
Planting White Pines As A Wind Break:
A great way to save on energy and build up your property value is by planting a white pine tree windbreak. These trees can slow wind speeds by more than 50 percent, which can greatly reduce your heating and cooling costs. You should plant white pines in a straight line, at least five to ten feet apart.
Place the trees far enough away from the house so that their roots don’t interfere with the foundation.
White Pines For Shady Rest:
Many people enjoy spending time sitting underneath a beautiful shade tree on those hot summer afternoons. This is one of the main purposes for a white pine windbreak, but it can also be relaxing to just sit and watch the wildlife that visits your yard. If you have a stream or pond on your property, a shady white pine tree can provide you with hours of enjoyment.
Be sure to plant the tree(s) in rich, fertile soil because the roots will suck up much of what they need.
White Pines For Seed Or Nut Gathering:
Many people plant a tree for the purpose of gathering the seeds or nuts for consumption. This is a great way to provide for your family during the winter months when fresh food isn’t plentiful. You can usually gather enough in one autumn to last for the entire year.
The white pine tree is a preferred choice for this purpose because it has large clusters of seeds that are easy to pick.
Where To Plant White Pines:
The soil where you plant your trees should be well drained and fertile. You shouldn’t plant your trees in the same spot year after year because the same ground will eventually lose its fertility. Make sure there are no power lines or underground cables where you want to plant.
Trees That Grow Quickly:
When compared to other types of trees, white pines grow quickly. It usually only takes about five years for a sapling to reach a height of eight feet (2.4 meters).
Most other types of trees take much longer to grow this tall.
Easy To Grow:
White pines are one of the easiest types of trees to grow because they really don’t require much maintenance. If you make sure that there are no competing plants or weeds growing nearby, the tree will thrive on its own. It also helps if you thin out the branches and keep them spread out to provide ample room for growth.
Will Grow In Most Types Of Soil:
White pines can grow in most types of soil, but they prefer fertile, well-drained ground. You should avoid planting your trees in soil that is constantly wet or dry because this can cause the tree to become severely stressed.
They Tolerate Poor Soil:
If you’re worried that the soil where you live might not be suitable, don’t be concerned. The pine tree can actually grow in soil that is quite poor, so it won’t matter if yours isn’t the best. This also means that the tree will be able to take in enough nutrients from the soil even if there are competing plants or weeds nearby.
How To Recognize A White Pine:
A white pine has a very slender appearance when compared to other types of trees. The needles have a bright green color and tend to hang from the branches in clusters of three. The needles are at their smallest when the tree is ten years old, but they will grow larger as the tree matures.
The bark on a white pine tends to be thin and has a reddish-brown color to it. As the tree grows older, the bark will begin to curl and crack. The tree can reach heights of up to 100 feet (30 meters) and live for about 150 years.
Planting White Pines:
When you plant your trees, dig a hole in the ground that is just large enough to fit the root ball. If the root ball is wrapped in burlap, remove it before putting the tree in the hole. Carefully lower the tree in and fill in the hole around the root ball.
The burlap can stay around the roots if you wish to keep them moist until the tree is more established.
Make sure that the crown of the tree is slightly above ground level. Fill in the hole around the tree with dirt and firm it up to ensure there are no air pockets. Water the tree well and keep it watered for at least a week to ten days after planting.
You can also plant your tree in a container such as a pot, bucket or wheelbarrow if you want it to stay in the same spot.
Sources & references used in this article:
Silviculture of eastern white pine. by WM Stiell – Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Ontario, 1985 – cabdirect.org
The influence of smelter fumes on the growth of White Pine in the Sudbury region. by SN Linzon – … fumes on the growth of White Pine in the Sudbury …, 1958 – cabdirect.org
Normal yield tables for Black Spruce, Jack Pine, Aspen, White Birch, tolerant hardwoods, White Pine, and Red Pine for Ontario. by WL Plonski – … Pine, Aspen, White Birch, tolerant hardwoods, White …, 1960 – cabdirect.org
Eastern white pine characteristics related to weevil feeding. by RC Stroh, HD Gerhold – Silvae Genetica, 1965 – cabdirect.org
The effect of age upon susceptibility of eastern white pine to infection by Cronartium ribicola. by RF Patton – Phytopathology, 1961 – cabdirect.org
Incidence of white pine blister rust in Maine after 70 years of a Ribes eradication program. by WD Ostrofsky, T Rumpf, D Struble, R Bradbury – Plant disease, 1988 – cabdirect.org
Pathological pruning: a useful tool in white pine blister rust control. by GF Lehrer – Plant Disease, 1982 – cabdirect.org
Current health issues and management strategies for white pines in the western United States and Canada by JW Schwandt, IB Lockman, JT Kliejunas… – Forest …, 2010 – Wiley Online Library