Hops are one of the most popular and widely grown crops in the world. They have been used as a bittering agent since ancient times, but their popularity has increased over time due to improved production methods. Today, hops are cultivated for both food and beverage purposes. There are two main varieties of hops: Cluster and Nugget. Both types of hops produce different flavors when brewed into beer or other beverages. However, the flavor and aroma characteristics of each variety vary considerably.
The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) regulates the growing and harvesting of hops in order to ensure that they remain available for American consumers. The USDA’s National Institute of Food and Agriculture (NIFA), which oversees all aspects related to hops cultivation, uses a system called “hop quality standards” to determine whether or not certain varieties meet these requirements. These standards were developed to provide a basis for growers to develop and market new varieties of hops.
NIFA also provides grant funding for hop research and development programs. In fact, NIFA recently announced a new grant that will help fund a $467,000 program to help establish a new generation of American-grown hops. This program, which is being funded by the Agricultural Research Service (ARS) and the Small Business Innovation Research program, will be carried out by Daniel Sereny at Oregon State University.
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Hops by RA Neve – 2012 – books.google.com
Throughput capacity of hybrid radio-frequency and free-space-optical (RF/FSO) multi-hop networks by D Wang, AA Abouzeid – 2007 information theory and …, 2007 – ieeexplore.ieee.org
First-passage Monte Carlo algorithm: diffusion without all the hops by T Opplestrup, VV Bulatov, GH Gilmer, MH Kalos… – Physical review …, 2006 – APS
Hop production by V Rybác̆ek – 2012 – books.google.com
A long-distance translocatable phloem protein from cucumber forms a ribonucleoprotein complex in vivo with Hop stunt viroid RNA by G Gómez, V Pallás – Journal of virology, 2004 – Am Soc Microbiol
Hop production by SN Brooks – 1961 – books.google.com