Hydrogen Peroxide Is A Very Powerful Chemical That Can Be Used To Sterilize Potting Soil, Garden Soil And Soil For Seeds. Hydrogen Peroxide Is One Of The Most Effective Methods To Kill Germ Cells & Prevent Germs From Growing In Your Plants Or Crops. If You Are Going To Use Any Kind Of Chemicals On Your Plant Or Crops Then You Should Firstly Read All About Them Before Using Them!
How To Sterilize Potting Soil?
1) Pour 1/2 cup of water into a pan over medium heat.
Once it comes to boil, turn off the stove and let it cool down completely before pouring out all the water. (You can use a colander or something similar if you don’t have any big pots.)
2) Now take some bleach tablets and add them to the hot water so that they are dissolved in it.
3) Take the mixture and pour it into your pots.
Make sure that there is no air space between the bottom of the pot and the top of the liquid. This will prevent any oxygen from getting inside the pot.
4) Let it sit for at least one hour before using it to prepare seeds or planting anything in your garden.
How To Sterilize Garden Soil?
1) You can use a pressure cooker to sterilize the garden soil.
To do this, add some water and your garden soil mix to the pressure cooker. Put the lid on, and cook at 15 pounds pressure for 30 minutes.
2) Alternatively, you can also put the garden soil in your oven and dry it out completely.
You can see if the soil is dry enough by taking a handful of it and squeezing all the liquid out of it. If it turns into a clump when you squeeze it then the soil is dry enough.
How To Sterilize Soil For Seeds?
1) Take your container and fill it up with a mixture of sand and water.
The sand will allow for better drainage so that the seeds don’t get water-logged. Make sure to use enough sand such that the water can still flow through it.
2) Add the seed starter mix or soil on top of the sand.
Make sure that you do not put so much soil that it is water-logged. Add water and stir with a stick to get all the air pockets out.
Let this mixture sit for at least one hour before using it to plant your seeds in, so that the soil can absorb all the water.
How To Sterilize Soil With Antibacterial Soap?
1) Add some of the liquid antibacterial soap to some water in a spray bottle.
2) Using a small spray bottle, mix some of the liquid antibacterial soap with some water.
Add 10 squirts of the liquid into 1 liter of water and stir well.
3) Spray the solution on all the tools that you will be using to plant your seeds.
This will kill any bacteria on them and prevent the spread of disease. (You can use rubbing alcohol instead of the liquid antibacterial soap in this method if you do not have it handy.)
4) Let all your tools dry out in a ventilated area before you use them to plant your seeds.
Make sure that the tools do not have any moisture on them otherwise this method will not work.
5) After you are done planting all your seeds and are waiting for them to sprout, spray the solution on top of the soil to kill any surface bacteria that might be there.
How To Make Antibacterial Soap?
1) Take a small saucepan and fill it up with 3 cups of water.
2) Add 1 tablespoon of vegetable oil, 1 tablespoon of liquid antibacterial soap, and 1/8 teaspoon of sugar to the water.
3) Stir the mixture well until all the sugar dissolves.
4) Take a small container and fill it up with 2 tablespoons of the liquid.
5) Add 1 cup of water and stir until it dissolves.
6) Let the mixture cool down and harden.
7) Cut it into small squares and store them in an airtight container.
This is your homemade antibacterial soap.
How To Make A Cold Frame?
1) Take a piece of masonite and a small sapling.
The sapling should be about 2 feet shorter than the masonite. Cut the sapling to size and trim off the branches.
2) Drill 4 holes in the masonite using a 5/8″ or 1/2″ drill bit.
These will be used to insert 4 wooden stakes to support the sapling.
3) Put the 4 wooden stakes in the holes.
The tops of the stakes should come up to the bottom of the sapling. The masonite should be able to lay on top of the stakes.
4) Place the sapling on top of the masonite plank and insert 4 more wooden stakes to support it.
5) Take a roll of landscaping fabric and cut a strip from it.
Make the strip just wider that the height of the cold frame.
6) Place the strip of fabric around the inside of the cold frame.
This will keep the soil in and prevent weeds from growing in it.
7) Fill up the cold frame with soil and plant your seeds.
The frame should keep the soil moist and warm enough to sprout most seeds. Water the soil every couple of days to keep it moist.
How To Build A Cold Frame?
1) Take a piece of masonite and cut it to the shape of your cold frame.
A 4’x4′ square is a good size, but you can make yours any size you want.
2) Place a 2″ x 6″ across two cinder blocks.
This will be the bottom of your frame.
3) Nail or screw two more 2″ x 6″s on top the first one to create the sides.
4) Nail or screw another 2″ x 6″ across the top to complete the frame.
5) Cut 2 pieces of vinyl window screen the width of the frame.
Place one on the bottom and the other on the top. Staple them in place.
6) Place the frame over your garden soil.
Fill the frame with soil and plant your seeds. Water as needed.
How To Make A Simple Hotbed?
1) Find a old refrigerator or freezer to use as your hotbed.
2) Dig a 6″ deep by 4′ wide trench around it.
3) Place a few inches of manure in the bottom of the trench.
4) Place a 2″ x 6″ across the top of the manure.
This will support the soil you will fill in next to keep out the cold air.
5) Fill the bottom of the trench with about 3″ of fertile soil.
6) Place your plants, seedlings or seeds in the bottom of the trench.
7) Place a 2″ x 6″ on top of the soil.
This will keep the soil you fill in next from falling into the trench.
8) Fill in around the plants with more fertile soil to just below the top of the trench and smooth it out with a rake.
9) Repeat steps 4 through 9 until you reach about waist high.
10) Starting at the bottom, begin placing 2″ x 6″s vertically all around the inside of the trench. This will create a sort of shelf for the soil you will mound up against it on top to hold in the heat.
Be sure that they are far enough in to hold soil in place. As you build up the sides and the top, continually place more 2″ x 6″s vertically against them to hold more soil in place.
11) When you reach the top, build a short frame across the top to hold the soil in place. If you are planning on keeping the plants in for an extended period of time, cut slits in the sides of the frame and cover them with more 2″ x 6″s to make it easier to take the frame off later.
12) If possible, place a glass window in the top to let in brighter light.
How to make a simple Greenhouse for starting your plants earlier than normal or growing tropical plants.
1) Find an old window that you can use for the greenhouse.
The bigger the window, the more light it will let in, which means you can grow plants in it that normally wouldn’t be able to survive outside in your climate.
2) Place cinder blocks or something else that will support the window off the ground.
This will let air circulate under it and help keep the inside of the greenhouse a little warmer.
3) Place a table or something else that you can put plants on in front of the window.
This will allow the plants that need more light to be closer to the window and absorb more of the sun’s rays.
4) Cover all other openings with screens to keep bugs from getting in.
This is a very simple greenhouse that you can build on your own. But if you don’t feel comfortable doing this yourself, you may want to have a professional do it for you.
No matter what type of garden you decide to build, always start small and research before starting.
You can buy a chemical called “Spike”. It is a herbicide that kills broad-leaved weeds but not grass.
You inject it into the ground with a needle 20 to 30 times per square foot (the more you inject, the more effective it is) and then just forget about your lawn until fall. In the fall, the weeds will be dead and you can rake the dead leaves in that have fallen on your perfect lawn.
If you would rather not use chemicals on your lawn, try scattering grass seed in a couple of square feet of your yard and then raking the dead leaves over it, this will naturally kill the weeds and feed the grass seed. Just be sure to keep an eye on it and remove any weeds that pop up until it is well established.
So now that we have finished building your garden, it is time to start planting. In the next chapters we will be talking about what to plant and how to take care of all those plants.
So get those shovels, rakes, trowels, and other tools needed and let’s get going!
Tip: For best results, dedicate an entire season to building your garden. Don’t try to do it in a weekend or even a month.
It takes times to get everything perfect, don’t rush it.
Tip: Think positively about your garden. If you treat it nicely, it will treat you nicely in return.
Chapter 2: What to Plant
So now that you have the perfect garden site picked out and you have worked hard on building your garden, it is time to start planting, but what should you plant?
There are so many choices that it can become very confusing. The choices that you make now will directly effect your garden as time goes on, so it is important to pick the right types of plants.
Herbs are great things to plant in your garden because they can enhance the flavor of any meal you make, whether it be in a recipe or by eating them straight off of the vine. Herbs can also be used for other things besides cooking, such as medicines or even dyes for cloth.
These are a few popular herbs that you might want to consider planting in your garden:
Basil: This herb is commonly grown in gardens and cooked with during the summer. It has a peppery flavor and is often used in pasta dishes and salads.
It is also useful for relieving headaches when steeped into a tea and drunk.
Cilantro: Also called the coriander plant, this is the seed-bearing plant whose seeds are often called coriander. It has a very distinct flavor, with a little bit of a citrus taste to it.
It is often used in Mexican dishes, but also used in some Asian dishes. It is also good for relieving digestive problems such as gas or bloating, simply steep the seeds into a tea and drink.
Chamomile: An annual flower that can be used for several things. Its most popular use is as a calming tea that can help you sleep at night.
It can also be used to relieve minor skin irritations, as well as bee stings.
Rosemary: A common kitchen herb with a pine flavor that is used in many different recipes. It can also help improve memory and has even been known to repel mosquitoes.
Oregano: A perennial plant that grows well in warm and dry areas. It has a spicy flavor and is often used in tomato sauces for pizza or pasta.
It also helps to relieve coughs and colds, simply steep the leaves into a tea and drink.
Thyme: A popular flavoring and perfume ingredient, its also a common cooking herb used in many dishes. It can also be used to make a calming tea that helps you to relax and dream more vividly.
Chili Peppers: Extremely spicy peppers that can be used in many different recipes to give it a spicy flavor. It can also be ground up and used as a rub for meat or even consumed whole to make the tongue feel like it is burning, but also remove pain.
Lavender: This purple plant has a distinct smell that is often used as a main ingredient in perfume. It can also be used to make a bedtime tea that will help you sleep better.
Mint: A common herb that grows quickly and easily. It is often used as a garnish for drinks and meals.
It can also be chewed to help freshen your breath and it works as a good, natural remedy for headaches.
These are just a few suggestions of herbs that you may want to try planting in your garden. There are many other plants that you can grow and harvest for various uses.
Some of these are:
Carrots: These vegetables are rich in Vitamin A and help the eyes develop properly. They can be eaten raw or cooked.
Cauliflower: This vegetable has a distinct appearance and flavor. It is often used in dishes to give them a bit of color, as well as having a mild taste of its own.
Garlic: This plant grows well in soil that has been recently fertilized with manure. It has a distinctive taste and smell that is often used in many different recipes from various different cultures.
Onions: This plant grows well in soils that have been well drained. It has a very strong taste and smell that is often used in various recipes.
Peas: This green pod grows best on a vine that has been supports by a trellis. They can be eaten both raw or cooked and are fairly high in protein.
Potatoes: This tuber grows best in cool soil that has a high amount of moisture. It is often grown in mountains regions and can be eaten both raw and cooked.
It is a great source of energy.
These are just some of the various plants that you can try to cultivate and grow in your garden. You can also try experiments with different types of fertilizer and different soils to see what grows best.
There are also various animals that you can have on your farm, from horses and cows to rabbits and chickens.
Which ones will you choose to raise?
You could also try raising livestock creatures that are more exotic than those found on Earth. Some examples include:
Blixes: These creatures are a hybrid of a snail and a slug. They are fairly large and very docile.
They graze on the grass and do not require many resources to survive other than shade from the sun and protection from predators.
Grumps: These creatures are large, plant eating mammals that often feed by grazing on grassy fields. They are fairly intelligent creatures and can be trained easily.
Their hides are often used to make leather.
Jills: These creatures are small, reptilian animals that often climb trees and reside in dense jungle areas. They can be aggressive if provoked, but often get along well with most other creatures.
Their meat is often considered a delicacy.
Joops: These creatures are small, rodent like mammals that often travel in large groups. They can often be found nesting around rocks and in abandoned buildings.
They are fairly intelligent creatures, but can be extremely timid. Their meat is very tasty.
These are just a few examples of the various exotic animals that you could raise on your farm. You can also try experimenting with creatures that you find on your own or through inter-planetary travel.
Once you’ve decided on what kind of farm you want, it’s time to start building.
Starting Your Farm Edit
The first thing you need to do is clear enough land to build your farm in. If you’re starting your farm from scratch, this will probably mean destroying some of the local plant life, like trees and shrubs.
Try to be eco-conscious and only remove the plants that are in your way.
Once you have a clear space, you can start building. If you’re skilled with construction or have access to someone who is, you could start building basic farm buildings, like a stable, a chicken coop, or a barn.
The buildings don’t have to be elaborate or large, just enough room to house the animals and allow them to breed and live happily.
If you’re not skilled in construction, hiring it done might be a bit expensive, but there are other ways to build basic shelters. You could build them yourself using wood gathered from the trees around you.
You could also use large stones from the ground to built a stone shelter, which should protect the inhabitants from the elements and predators.
Whichever option you chose, you’re going to have to start acquiring your animals. If you have the resources and the means to do so, you could always purchase them from a merchant or another farm and transport them to your new farm.
However, if you want to cut costs (or if you’re just feeling adventurous) you can try hunting the animals yourself. This will help you get in shape and will allow you to acquire animals that are Perfect for your farm.
Regardless of how you acquired the animals, once you have a few of them on the farm, you’ll be able to start building your farm and making it the best that it can be.
Hazards and Protecting your Farm Edit
The world is a dangerous place. Even if you start out with the best of intentions, there will always be something that can go wrong.
For example, let’s say that you decided to try hunting the animals yourself. You’ve acquired several deer, but you’ve also angered a group of bandits that used to hunt in the same area.
Now they’re hunting you.
While you’re out hunting one day, they set fire to your farm and it burns down, killing all of your animals and destroying all of your hard work.
That’s just one of many hazards. There are others, such as disease, natural disasters, and even something as simple as a financial downturn that can lead to your farm no longer being profitable and therefore useless.
There are several things you can do to protect against these dangers:
Befriend Creatures: One way to protect your farm is to make friends with the dangerous local fauna. If there are large beasts that would normally threaten you or your animals (or even predators that could threaten you) you can befriend them.
Sources & references used in this article:
Microwave pasteurization of potting mixes by RJ Eichenberger – Journal of the Arkansas Academy of …, 1991 – scholarworks.uark.edu
Chipping and Chemical Scarification Effects on Sclerocactus glaucus (K. Schum.) LD Benson (Cactaceae) Seed Germination by ND Riley, TZ Riley – Cactus and Succulent Journal, 2018 – BioOne
Micropropagation and seed cryopreservation of the critically endangered species Tennessee yellow-eye grass, Xyris tennesseensis Kral by T Johnson, JM Cruse-Sanders, GS Pullman – In Vitro Cellular & …, 2012 – Springer
Soil sterilization methods for the indoor gardener by GM Fosler – Circular (University of Illinois (Urbana-Champaign …, 1958 – ideals.illinois.edu
Help! Urban gardening projects: seeds, soils, supplies by V Karagianis, D Relf – 1981 – vtechworks.lib.vt.edu
Seed and potting composts, with special reference to soil sterilization. by WJC Lawrence, J Newell – … with special reference to soil sterilization …, 1939 – cabdirect.org
Levels of racism: a theoretic framework and a gardener’s tale. by CP Jones – American journal of public health, 2000 – ncbi.nlm.nih.gov
Growing From Seed: A Toronto Master Gardeners Guide by WGF Seed – torontomastergardeners.ca
The effects of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus associations on lettuce growth by N LAING – researchgate.net