Types Of Euonymus – Choosing Different Euonymus Plants For Your Garden:
Euonymous plants are not only popular for their beauty but they have many other benefits too. They provide shade, improve air circulation and provide a variety of other beneficial effects. There are different types of euonymous plants which can be used in your garden or even indoors. These plants are also known to be drought tolerant. If you want to grow some of these plants then it would be best if you choose them early in spring when they are at their peak blooming period.
There are two main types of euonymous plants; those which bloom in the summer and those which bloom in the winter season. Both types of euonymous plant require different growing conditions so it is important that you know what type of plant you have before choosing one over another.
The most common type of euonymous plants is the golden euonymus (E. aurantiaca). These plants need full sun and warm temperatures. You will get maximum benefit from growing these plants if you live in a region where there is plenty of sunshine during the day and cool nights. Golden euonymus flowers are yellowish white with purple spots around them.
Their petals are very long and slender while their stamens are short and pointed.
Another type of euonymous plant is the autumn olive (E. umbra). These grow best in full sun and in soil that has a pH level which is moderately acidic. You can find them easily in zones four through nine. The color of the leaves of these plants change to a golden orange color during the fall months.
The flowers that bloom on these plants are small and grow in clusters. They start off as green buds that open up to reveal a white petal with a yellow tip on it.
Euonymous plants are usually easy to grow and prefer soil which drains well. If you live in an area where there is heavy rainfall or if the soil stays wet for long periods of time then you may want to plant your euonymous plants in raised beds. It is also important that you plant them in an area which gets full sun most of the day.
Euonymous plants are nice because they can grow in a wide variety of conditions; however, these plants do need sunlight to survive so if you can, plant yours somewhere where it will receive direct sunlight for most of the day. The type of euonymous plant you choose will also determine whether it needs part or full sun.
In this article we will focus mainly on euonymus alatus plants. This plant is known by many names such as burning bush, winged euonymus or coralberry. It is a deciduous shrub or small tree that grows up to twenty feet tall. Its leaves are green and may change to red and orange during the fall months. It produces bunches of dark blue berries which can be eaten by birds hence the coralberry name.
These berries can also be used to make jellies, jams and wines.
A well grown euonymus alatus plant can survive for up to two hundred years although most of these plants die much sooner from various factors. If managed properly, an euonymus alatus plant can grow in most types of soil. The soil just needs to be loose and well drained. These plants also prefer full sun although they can survive in partially shaded areas.
During the spring season, euonymus alatus plants will begin to grow their new leaves. These leaves start off as small nubs and are green in color although they can also be red during this time of the year. These leaves are shaped like a spear or a spearhead and are small compared to the size of the branch.
The branches on these plants are red and slender and free of knots. The bark of the euonymus alatus plant is light gray in color and will sometimes peel off in thin sheets. During the fall months, the leaves on these plants will turn a bright red or even an orange color. It is not uncommon to have a few of the leaves change to an orange or yellowish color.
The euonymus alatus plant produces small bunches of berries during the summer months.
Sources & references used in this article:
Identification, etiology, and control of Euonymus fortunei anthracnose caused by Colletotrichum gloeosporioides. by MJ Mahoney, RA Tattar – Plant Disease, 1980 – cabdirect.org
Description of a new gall midge (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) on Euonymus, with notes on its bionomics. by J Yukawa, T Sunose – Kontyû, 1976 – cabdirect.org
Study on characteristic of chlorophyll a fluorescence kinetics of overwintering Euonymus Japonicus in Beijing by C Zhong, Z Gao, W Li, RF Gao – Journal of Agricultural University of …, 2008 – en.cnki.com.cn
Leaf epidermal features of 21 medicinal plants of Euonymus in China. by YF Zhang, P He, CP Zhang, JX He – China Journal of Chinese …, 2009 – cabdirect.org
Research Progress on Cutting Propagation of Euonymus Plants by S CHEN, Y DING, T ZHAO, L ZHANG – Northern Horticulture, 2015 – en.cnki.com.cn
Rhabdovirus in Euonymus japonica. by N Plese, Z Eric – Acta Phytopathologica Academiae Scientiarum …, 1980 – cabdirect.org