Lily Plant Types: What Are Different Varieties Of Lilies?
The Lily Family (Origanaceae) consists of over 200 species, all with different characteristics. There are many varieties, but they tend to have similar shapes and colors. The most common ones include the following:
1) Indica – These are commonly known as “Sativa” or “High THC”.
They produce high amounts of THC, which makes them very popular among smokers. They are often used as a recreational drug.
2) Sativa – These are commonly known as “Low THC”, or “Medium THC”.
They produce low amounts of THC, making them good for medicinal purposes such as pain relief and appetite stimulation.
3) Hybrid – These are hybrids between two species, which usually differ from each other in some way.
For example, there is a hybrid called the Skunk #1 (Haze x Blue Dream).
4) Indica/Hybrid – These are both indicas and hybrids.
Some of these strains contain higher levels of THC than others. A hybrid may consist of one type of plant, while another contains a mixture of the two types.
5) Indica/Poppy – These are both indicas and pomanders.
Popsicles contain poppy seeds, which make them extremely potent!
The most common types of lily plants are as follows:
1) Asiatic – This is a group of large plants with flowers that are orange, yellow or white in color.
The leaves are grass-like and they grow up to two feet in height. They contain high amounts of oxalic acid, which give them their bitter taste. These types of lilies do not open fully, even in bright sunlight.
2) European – Also known as the “Day Lily”, these plants contain high amounts of oxalic acid.
They are poisonous to humans and most animals, although some insects feed upon them. The flowers are large and colorful, which give the plant its name. The leaves are sword-shaped and they grow up to one foot in height. These plants contain a sweet nectar that attracts insects that feed on them.
These plants are also known as “Oriental Lilies”, or “True Lilies”.
3) Oriental – These plants are shorter than the European and Asiatic types.
The flowers can be red, orange, yellow or white in color. The leaves are heart-shaped and they grow up to 4 inches in height. They do not contain oxalic acid. These plants bloom in the early morning and close during the day.
Some varieties bloom at night, hence the name “Night Blooming”. These plants are also known as “Tiger Lilies”, or “Calanthe”. These plants contain a sweet nectar that attracts flying insects.
4) Other Types – There are many other types of lilies in the world.
They are not as common as the four listed above, but they are available to buy from nurseries and garden centers around the world. You can also grow them in your own garden or home. They have many uses for people and animals, due to their beauty and pleasant smell.
When growing lilies in your garden or home, you should consider the following tips:
1) They prefer soil that is rich in organic matter. It should contain an equal mixture of peat moss and sand. The pH level should be around 6.5.
You should plant them during the spring or autumn.
2) They need at least four hours of sunlight every day. If this is not possible, then you should place them somewhere with bright, indirect light.
3) You need to water them every day, or every second day at the most.
Allow the soil to dry out before watering it again.
4) You need to fertilize them once every month during the spring and summer, using a general-purpose fertilizer.
Do not use anything with a high nitrate content.
5) You should place them somewhere where the temperature is above 60 degrees, but below 95 degrees.
This could be in a green house or some other heated area. They need average humidity.
6) They can grow in almost any type of soil, as long as it isn’t sandy.
If you live in an area where the soil is sandy, you should plant them in pots. You should then place the pots on some sort of stand, so that they are Not in the sand.
7) You need to harvest these plants as soon as one stem starts to grow, as this is a sign that they are healthy and growing well.
Once you have harvested them, you can replant the next day. If you want more time to enjoy them, then wait until three or four stems start growing from the same spot before you harvest them.
How To Harvest
Once your plants are ready for harvest, you will need to know how to go about it. You need to make sure you get everything. This means removing the leaves, stems, bulbs and roots. You also need to make sure you do it properly, to avoid wasting any parts that can be used to make medicine.
You will notice that the leaves fall away from the center of the plant. This is called the “axis” and this is the bit you need to harvest.
You will also notice that some of the lower leaves are starting to turn yellow and die. These are the leaves that have had the chemicals processed and stored in them. Once the plant has finished using these chemicals, they become waste and are discarded by the plant. You can use these dying leaves when you harvest the plant as a natural source of food for yourself or any animal you may keep.
They are also a good source of mulch or fertilizer for your other plants.
You can use the stems and bulbs as well, although these are usually used to feed animals. You should harvest them as you need them, as they do not store well. Finally you have the roots. These can be left in the ground and used over a long period of time.
They do not die like the dying leaves, instead they just shed when their work is done.
To harvest the plants, you can use a knife or some other sharp tool. Be careful when you are using the knife. Do not cut yourself and do not worry about harming the plant. It has a wide range of healing abilities and it will quickly mend itself.
You need to cut through the stems at the base of the plant. You should take care not to break or snap the stems as this may cause contaminants to get in the plant. You should then pull the plant out of the ground. You may need to twist or bend it slightly to get it out.
Once you have harvested all the plants you need, you can then process them. This involves drying the leaves, storing the roots and anything else you wish to keep and turning the bulbs and dying leaves into mulch or animal food.
How To Dry The Leaves
To dry the leaves, you will need some string or twine and some racking. You can use any type of string, but cotton or linen works best. You should take the leaves and bunch them together. Make sure that they are tightly bundled, as this will ensure even drying.
You should then tie the leaves into small bunches with the twine. Do not tie them too tight or you will crush them. Make sure there is enough twine between each bunch that you can hang them up to dry.
Once you have bunches ready, you can then hang them up somewhere to dry. You can use anyplace that’s dry and has a fairly good breeze. A porch or an open windowsill works well. The key is making sure the bunches are getting lots of air.
If there is no wind or the air is still then you will need to help it along by turning the bunches or moving them around so that they are always exposed to the moving air.
It will take a few days for the leaves to dry out completely. You will know they are ready when they turn a golden brown color and break rather than bend when you touch them. You shouldn’t try to speed up the process by putting them in the oven or any type of heat source. The chemicals in the plant need to be at the right levels or they will not work properly in the salves and tinctures you will be making.
How To Store Them
Once the leaves are ready, you need to take them off the strings and put them in a container for storage. You can use any type of airtight container, such as a glass jar or a tin. You should take care not to crush the leaves when you put them in the container. Over time they will lose their scent and turn a darker green color, but they will still work for medicinal purposes.
If you need to, you can also freeze the leaves for later use. You should take care when defrosting them that you don’t let too much moisture get into them and ensure they are completely dry before using them.
Harvesting The Roots
Harvesting the roots is usually a little more difficult than harvesting the leaves. Whole root plants are harder to come by and tend to be more expensive. However, they are well worth the expense as you can get several years worth of medicine from just a few roots. If you have the opportunity, it’s best to get whole roots rather than just the pieces that you would get from cutting up a root for eating.
To start with, you will need to have already acquired some Root cuttings. You will need to take these and wash them off to remove any dirt or debris. Then you will need to soak them overnight in a bucket of water.
Next you need to fill a bucket with water and some mild dishwashing liquid. Soaking the roots in this mixture for at least an hour will help get rid of all the dirt that is packed in between the roots and the outside skin.
After that, you will need to get a pot of water boiling on the stove. If you are using fresh roots that have just been harvested, you need to boil them for at least 3 to 4 hours. You need to make sure that the water is constantly boiling the whole time. Any less than 3 hours and you won’t get all the toxins out, and any more than 4 hours risks burning the roots and making them useless.
While this is happening, you need to take your clean roots and cut the skin off with a knife. You should then be able to pull the skin off similar to how you would peel a banana. You can leave the skin on if you want, but for maximum results it’s best to peel it off.
Once this is done, put the roots back into the pot of boiling water for a further 2 hours. This will help leech out all of the remaining toxins. The water should be changed at least once during this process to make sure you get the maximum amount of medicine out of the roots that you can and to avoid burning them.
Finally, when all of this is complete, you need to dry the roots out completely and store them somewhere dark and cool. They will keep for a long time in this condition and you can crumble them into tinctures or just use as they are in salves.
Making The Medicinal Tincture
To make a tincture, you will need the following supplies:
A large glass jar or tin can
A large bowl or small pot of hot water
Approximately 1 ounce of dried leaf or root (if you have fresh roots, you need about 1 pound)
95% or higher pure grain alcohol. You can use everclear or you can even use medical grade isopropyl alcohol
Cheesecloth or some kind of fine filter to strain out the plant material
An accurate scale that can weigh miniscule amounts. You will need to measure out between 10 and 20 grams of alcohol per ounce of dried plant material. That means if you are using 1 ounce of dried material, you will need between 100 and 200 grams of alcohol. If you are using fresh material, you will need between 10 and 20 percent of the plants weight in alcohol.
Once you have all of your supplies together, you need to turn on your stove and begin to gently warm the alcohol. Don’t let the alcohol get so hot that it starts to boil though. You just want it to be hot enough to extract the maximum amount of chemicals and nutrients from the herbs.
Once the alcohol is hot, you need to add your herbs. You can either put them in whole, or grind them up first. It’s up to you.
Then you will need to cover the mixture and wrap the whole thing in a blanket to keep as much heat in as possible. You will need to leave this mixture for at least 8 hours but no more than 16 hours. You will need to check on it occasionally to make sure that the alcohol hasn’t evaporated too much, and add a little more hot water if needed.
After the extraction period is over, you need to strain out the plant material, and then you are left with raw tincture. The kind of alcohol you use will affect the color of your final product, so if you want it clear you need to filter it carefully through cheesecloth or a similar filter.
You can use this tincture directly on the skin or in the mouth for an antiseptic, or you can dilute it with more alcohol or water (alcohol should be at least 25% – 40% to be effective) for internal consumption.
This recipe can be used with the recipes in the first part of this article to make an incredibly effective antiseptic wash for cuts, scrapes, or even infected wounds.
If you don’t have the time or desire to make your own tinctures from scratch, there are a wide variety of pre-made tinctures on the market today. Most of them are produced with less than ideal ingredients and don’t work nearly as well as they should, but if you have no other option then they will be better than nothing.
Of course the best thing to do would be to take a look at how they are made and learn how to make your own, because even the best commercially available tinctures are relatively cheap and work much better when you know exactly what is in them and how they are made.
You can also find pre-made herbal salves or ointments. These are usually made with a combination of different herbs and will often have a combination of antiseptic and anti-fungal properties as well.
Practicing proper food storage technique and hand washing is also important in avoiding infections in the first place.
If you keep yourself (and your tools) clean, you will avoid the spread of bacteria and have a much healthier colony overall.
If a member of your team does happen to get a cut or scrape that becomes badly infected, it is important that the wound be opened up and cleaned as much as possible (without causing the person any more distress of course) and then treated with the tincture you made. If you don’t have any tincture, then povidone iodine works well too. The wound needs to be cleaned thoroughly with an antiseptic and then bandaged to protect it while the infection fights itself.
If this isn’t enough, and the fever and other symptoms get worse, you may have no choice but to amputate unless you can get medical attention from a real doctor.
Hopefully though, these techniques will allow you to keep any potential infections at bay, and keep everyone in your team 100% effective on the battlefield.
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Sources & references used in this article:
Use of 2n gametes for the production of sexual polyploids from sterile Oriental × Asiatic hybrids of lilies (Lilium) by R Barba-Gonzalez, AC Lokker, KB Lim… – Theoretical and Applied …, 2004 – Springer
Progenies of allotriploids of Oriental × Asiatic lilies (Lilium) examined by GISH analysis by R Barba-Gonzalez, AA Van Silfhout, RGF Visser… – Euphytica, 2006 – Springer
Interspecific hybridization in lily (Lilium): taxonomic and commercial aspects of using species hybrids in breeding by KB Lim, R Barba-Gonzalez, S Zhou… – … ornamental and plant …, 2008 – liliumbreeding.nl
Occurrence of 2n gametes in the F1 hybrids of Oriental × Asiatic lilies (Lilium): Relevance to intergenomic recombination and backcrossing by R Barba-Gonzalez, KB Lim, MS Ramanna, RGF Visser… – Euphytica, 2005 – Springer
The novel allele of the LhMYB12 gene is involved in splatter‐type spot formation on the flower tepals of Asiatic hybrid lilies (Lilium spp.) by M Yamagishi, S Toda, K Tasaki – New Phytologist, 2014 – Wiley Online Library
Morphology and heredity of tepal spots in Asiatic and Oriental hybrid lilies (Lilium spp.) by M Yamagishi, K Akagi – Euphytica, 2013 – Springer