What are Bush Beans?
Bush beans are small round beans that come from the plantain tree. They have a dark green skin with white stripes and are usually eaten raw or cooked like other types of beans. There are many varieties of bush bean, but most commonly they include: black eyed Susie, golden boy, red ear, yellow eye and white eye.
How to Grow Bush Beans – How To Grow Pole Bean?
The following steps will show you how to grow bush beans – How To Grow Pole Bean. You may start your journey at any time, but it is recommended that you read through the first few pages before starting. The rest of the guide assumes that you have already done so. If not, please refer back to them now!
Step 1: Get Your Seeds
To get started you’ll need seeds. These can either be purchased from a seed company or grown yourself.
A good place to start would be the Amazon link above, where you can buy some of the best quality seeds available today. Here’s a list of some popular brands and their prices:
If you want to save money, there are also several online stores that sell seeds (some even free shipping). Just search “Seedstarter” on any search engine.
Here are some reliable links to get you started:
Step 2: Get Your Supplies
Now that you have your seeds, you’re going to need something to plant them in. It may seem counter-productive, but your best bet is to go and buy something pre-made.
Most kits include everything you need to start growing your plants in one handy set, and they’re very affordable too! The three most popular are:
Just click on the name above to find out more about them, or buy them from amazon by clicking on the links. Whatever you buy, make sure it comes with some type of instructions.
If it doesn’t, you can find an online copy here: How to grow bean seeds.
Step 3: Pick Your Spot
This step is especially important if you’re planning on planting outside. Make sure you pick a spot that gets full sunlight (6+ hours).
If you pick a spot that doesn’t, the plants may grow at a slower rate or in some cases not at all.
If you’re planting inside, then this step can be ignored.
Step 4: Prepare Your Soil
Before you plant your seeds, you’re going to need to prepare the soil.
Fill your container up about an inch from the top with plain old dirt. Avoid using garden soil, as it may contain fungus or other things that may harm your plants.
Add a fertilizer to the dirt. This is especially important for plants grown in containers, as they tend to grow slower without extra nutrients.
We recommend buying some “Miracle Gro”, as it’s easily available and very effective.
Now it’s time to water the soil. Using a watering can or hose, wet the soil until it’s soaked and crumbling apart.
Let it all settle for a few hours before you do the next step.
Step 5: Plant Your Beans
It’s time to plant your seeds! Make sure you follow the instructions on the packet as different types of beans require different amounts of sunlight and how deep to bury them.
Here are some general rules that you can follow:
1. If you have tiny seeds like peas or lettuce, plant 1-3 per pot.
2. If you have small seeds like beans, plant 5-10 per pot.
3. If you have large seeds like tomatoes, plant 3-5 per pot.
4. Follow the packet instructions as different varieties of the same plant may require different numbers per pot.
Plant your seeds at the correct depth. Most seeds should be buried at about 1-2 times their own size.
For example, a pea should be covered by about 1-2 millimeters of soil. A bean should be covered by about 1-2 centimeters of soil.
Make sure you keep the containers evenly watered until the plants start growing.
Step 6: Water, Water and More Water….
From this point on, it’s all about water, water and more water. Your plants need it to grow, so make sure you keep the soil moist and don’t let it dry out.
One good way of doing this is to set your containers in a large tray and fill it with water so that the soil is constantly kept wet. This works especially well for larger plants.
Alternatively, a drip irrigation system can be used. These can be bought quite cheaply online or at your local garden centre and are well worth the investment as they’ll save you a lot of time and effort as you won’t need to keep an eye on them as much.
Step 7: Feeding
Once your plants start to grow, it’s time to feed them. Most seeds come with starter fertilizer in the pack, which will last a few weeks.
Alternatively, you can buy fertilizer at your local garden centre and use that.
Follow the instructions on the packet and remember: LESS IS MORE!
Step 8: Enjoy Growing Your Own!
From this point, all you need to do is keep your plants watered and fed! Make sure you’re feeding it a high-quality nutrient solution without too much nitrogen or your plant will have lots of leaves but won’t produce many fruits or vegitables.
Your plants should be ready to harvest in about 3 months. Just cut the fruit off the plant and it should be good to eat.
You can even start a new batch of seeds in your container and it’ll be full again in no time!
The next step….decorate it with lights and you’ll have yourself a fully functioning hydroponics system.
Everything you need to grow an endless supply of fruit and veg for your family.
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By Daniel Thompson
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Sources & references used in this article:
Effect of plant density on flowering date, yield and quality attribute of bush beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) under center pivot irrigation system by S Abubaker – American Journal of Agricultural and Biological …, 2008 – agris.fao.org
Genotype ✕ Environment Interactions in Bush Bean Cultivars in Monoculture and Associated with Maize1 by CA Francis, M Prager, DR Laing, CA Flor – Crop Science, 1978 – Wiley Online Library
Interactions of bush bean intercropped with field and sweet maize by M Santalla, AP Rodino, PA Casquero… – European Journal of …, 2001 – Elsevier
Yield-density relationships and optimum plant populations in two cultivars of solid-seeded dry bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) grown in Saskatchewan by SJ Shirtliffe, AM Johnston – Canadian journal of plant science, 2002 – NRC Research Press
A key for identification of different growth habits of Phaseolus vulgaris L. by SP Singh – 1981 – cgspace.cgiar.org
Remaking bean plant architecture for efficient production by JD Kelly – 2001 – Elsevier