What Is Pine Needle Scale?
Pine Needle Scale (or PNS) is a common skin condition caused by exposure to needles from the pine tree. It affects millions of people worldwide. There are many different types of pine trees, but most commonly they come from the Pinus sylvestris family. These include Pinus edulis, Pinus rigida, Pinus strobus and Pinus monophylla. They all have similar characteristics. All these species contain pine needles which grow underground and produce a resin called pinesyl alcohol. When exposed to sunlight, the oil from the pine resin gets absorbed into our skin causing it to become irritated and red. This causes pain and swelling of the affected area. It may even cause blisters or rashes if left untreated.
The symptoms vary depending on the type of pine tree. Some people experience no symptoms at all while others develop severe itching, burning and irritation of their skin. The severity of the condition varies greatly between individuals.
The majority of cases go unnoticed until they reach a stage where they require medical attention such as dermatitis, eczema or psoriasis.
How Does Pine Needle Scale Affect Us?
When humans come in contact with these needles, it causes irritation and inflammation of the skin. The oils from the needles seep into our skin and attack the cells living there. It causes them to multiply rapidly, which can lead to sores, heat bumps, infection and rashes. The most severe cases can even lead to cancer.
People are affected in different ways, but the condition is most common on the hands and face. It is also common on the chest, arms and legs, which is caused by direct exposure. The condition can be confirmed by a physician to rule out other skin conditions as similar symptoms may occur with eczema and psoriasis.
What Are The Types Of PNS?