Cyclamen are small, greenish red flowers with two petals and white stamens. They have no odor or taste. Their flower color varies from pale yellow to bright pink. Some species produce only one bloomer per plant while others may produce several blooms in a single plant. Cyclamen are very easy to grow and their seeds will germinate readily in most soil types. However, they do not tolerate poor growing conditions. If grown under adverse conditions such as drought or high temperatures, cyclamen seeds may die back completely.
How To Grow Cyclamen Seeds?
The best way to grow cyclamen seeds is to start them indoors when they are young and then transplant them outdoors once they become large enough. Plants can be started from cuttings taken from a mature cyclamen plant. Cuttings take about 6 weeks to reach maturity, but after that time period, plants will continue producing new growth year round.
How To Start Growing From Seeds?
To start growing from seeds, you need to gather the seeds from a ripe fruit. Sow it in a container filled with a mixture of half-part peat moss and half-part sand. Cover the seeds with a thin layer of sand and keep the container moist at all times. The seeds can be started indoors in small pots or they can be direct seeded in the ground, depending on your climatic conditions. Sow the seeds in a sunny location and water it regularly. Keep the soil moist.
Which Is The Best Time To Start Growing From Seeds?
You can start growing from seeds any time after the ripe fruits are available. However, it is better to start growing from seeds once you find a ripe fruit, as unripe fruits do not have well developed seeds and they will easily decay.
What Are The Requirements For Growing From Seeds?
* Well-draining soil
* Partial shade
* Minimum temperature: 10 degree Celsius (50 degree Fahrenheit)
* Maximum temperature: 30 degree Celsius (86 degree Fahrenheit)
What Are The Common Problems Faced During Growing From Seeds?
1. Cyclamen seeds may not grow true to type.
2. The flowers may have a shorter vase life than the parent plant.
3. The flower size may be different than the parent plant.
How To Grow Cyclamen From Cuttings?
To grow cyclamen from cuttings, take a 4-inch cutting from an established mature plant using a sharp knife or blade. Remove the lower leaves from the cutting and dip the cut end in a rooting hormone powder before placing in moist potting soil. Keep the soil moist but not soggy and place in a bright location, avoiding direct sun. Cuttings should root in one to two months.
How To Take Cuttings?
Cuttings can be taken from healthy plants after they have flowered. The best time to take cuttings is during the late fall or early spring. Cut the stems from parent plants with a sharp knife or pruning shears. Each cutting should have multiple buds and a 1-2 inch portion of the stem. Dip the cut end of each cutting in a rooting hormone and plant in moss or moist potting soil. Keep the soil moist and apply bottom heat to speed up the rooting process.
How To Plant From Cuttings?
Cuttings are the best way to propagate your plants. Each cutting should have at least two nodes (bud sites) and be between 4 and 6 inches long. The cuttings should be planted so that the soil level is just at the bottom node, not buried and not sticking out of the soil. The soil around the cutting should be lightly watered.
What Is Rooting Hormone?
Rooting hormones are available at most garden centers and are used to promote root growth. Root hormones mimic natural plant hormones and cause slight injury to the stem, which stimulates new root growth.
What Is The Best Way To Take Cuttings?
Cuttings should be taken from healthy plants. Cut new stems with a sharp knife or pruning shears. Always cut below a node (where the leaves attach to the stem) to ensure it has a good place for roots to develop.
How To Store Cyclamen Cuttings For Later Use?
Cuttings should be placed in a ziplock baggie and stored in the refrigerator for no longer than six months. The cuttings should be hardy enough to plant when you are ready to use them.
General Growing Information
How To Plant A New Cyclamen Plant?
1. Use a trowel or shovel to dig a hole big enough for the transplant.
Sources & references used in this article:
Structural analysis of cyclamen seed xyloglucan oligosaccharides using cellulase digestion and spectroscopic methods by I Braccini, CH Penhoat, V Michon, R Goldberg… – Carbohydrate …, 1995 – Elsevier
Enolases: storage compounds in seeds? Evidence from a proteomic comparison of zygotic and somatic embryos of Cyclamen persicum Mill. by C Rode, S Gallien, D Heintz, A Van Dorsselaer… – Plant molecular …, 2011 – Springer
Testing for genetic purity in petunia and cyclamen seed using random amplified polymorphic DNA markers by Z Jianhua, MB McDonald, PM Sweeney – HortScience, 1997 – journals.ashs.org
Proteomic analyses of somatic and zygotic embryos of Cyclamen persicum Mill. reveal new insights into seed and germination physiology by T Winkelmann, D Heintz, A Van Dorsselaer, M Serek… – Planta, 2006 – Springer
Factors affecting seed set in Brussels sprouts, radish and cyclamen by AIM El Murabaa – 1957 – library.wur.nl
… analysis of cell cycle events in zygotic and somatic embryos of Cyclamen persicum indicates strong resemblance of somatic embryos to recalcitrant seeds by T Schmidt, A Ewald, M Seyring, A Hohe – Plant cell reports, 2006 – Springer
The reproductive biology of the Mediterranean endemic Cyclamen balearicum Willk. (Primulaceae) by L Affre, JD Thompson… – Botanical Journal of the …, 1995 – academic.oup.com