Planting Pansies Outside: When Is Pansy Planting Time In The Garden?
By David B. Smith, Ph.D., Professor Emeritus, University of Georgia
Pansies are perennials that grow from seed and produce flowers in late winter or early spring. They are native to Europe and Asia Minor but have been introduced into many parts of North America including Florida where they were first planted in the 1920’s.
In the southern United States, pansies are commonly found in the wild and can be grown commercially. They require little care other than regular fertilization during their dormant season (late fall through spring) and then watering sparingly throughout the rest of the year. They are not frost tender so overwatering them is not a problem.
Plants prefer full sun to partial shade and thrive well in all soil types except sandy soils which may cause root rot.
The best time to plant pansies outdoors is in the spring. There are several reasons why this is true. First, the plants need some time to recover from their cold winter dormancy before they can start producing flowers again.
Second, it gives the gardeners plenty of time to get ready for their holiday parties and other events while the pansies begin to flower. Finally, it allows for a good mix of different kinds of pansies so everyone gets something new to enjoy at harvest time!
Pansies are divided into four basic types:
1) The wild or meadow pansy (Viola x wittrockiana) is a natural cross between a Viola tricolor and a V.
reticulata. It has three sepals (outer floral leaves), three petals, and three sets of stamens (male organs). It also has three fused seed capsules.
The petals are usually a combination of yellow, orange, white, red, brownish purple, and maroon (but can be other colors as well) with a bullseye pattern.
2) The Heartsease or Painted Veil pansy (Viola tricolor) is the original wild pansy and has three sepals, three petals, and three sets of stamens.
It has no fused seed capsules. The petals are usually a combination of yellow, orange, and white with maroon veins.
3) The Johnny Jump Up pansy (Viola tricolor ‘Monkey Face’) is a cross between the Painted Veil pansy and the Heartsease pansy which tends to produce several sets of petals rather than just three.
It also has a flat look rather than the traditional round flower shape.
Sources & references used in this article:
GROWING PANSIES by KOF PANSIES – digitalcommons.usu.edu
Planting pansies on the roof a critique of how New York city tests reading by M Wasserman – The Urban Review, 1969 – Springer
Plant scanner: a handheld PDA using RFID tags for child visitors to the Michigan 4-H Children’s Garden by AR Ramchandran – 2004 – search.proquest.com
The Ohio State University Learning Gardens Pansy/Viola Cultivar Trial, 2003-2004 by M Kmetz-González, C Pasian – Ornamental Plants, 2005 – kb.osu.edu
Association of Aphanomyces cladogamus with severe. root rot of pansies by C Drechsler – Sydowia, 1954 – zobodat.at
The Comparative Effects of Garden Pansies and Monilophytes on Perceived Stress Among College Students by P Dunkle – 2015 – digitalcommons.unl.edu