Angelonia plant (Anacardiaceae) is one of the most popular flowering plants in the world. They are native to Mexico and Central America. The species name comes from its resemblance to angels, which symbolize hope and joy. These flowers have been used as religious symbols since ancient times.
The genus name Anacardium means “of or pertaining to an acacia tree”. Acacia trees grow wild throughout tropical regions of South America, Africa, Asia and Australia.
There are over 2,000 species of acacia trees. Most species are evergreen and some are deciduous. Some have long stems while others have short ones. All types of acacia trees produce edible fruits, but the fruit of certain species contain toxic sap when eaten raw or undercooked.
In addition to their use as religious symbols, the leaves and flowers of many species were used medicinally for centuries before being introduced into Europe during the 1500’s. Today, they are still widely used in traditional medicine.
There are several different species of angelonia, each with its own characteristics and uses. The best known species is the Mexican Angelonia.
It is found in southern Mexico and Guatemala. Its fruit contains bitter alkaloids called piperazines that cause hallucinations when consumed. Other species include the Guatemalan Angelonia and the Colombian Angelonia. These two species produce fruit containing no psychoactive substances at all; they just look pretty!
The Lippia or Shining Bush is a small evergreen tree that grows wild in coastal swamps and moist woodlands of the southern states of the USA. The wood is hard and heavy and is usually carved into animal shapes for use as Native American totems.
The strong, durable wood makes excellent paddles, oars, rural tools and timeless antiques. The flowers are fragrant and are usually dried for making potpourri.
The Jatamansi or Scopolamine Plant is a small deciduous shrub native to the deserts of northern Africa and the Middle East. It produces bell-shaped, sweet-scented white flowers with heart-shaped leaves.
The roots contain alkaloids that cause hallucinations and feelings of relaxation. For this reason, it is sometimes known as the “drug or medicine of paradise”. It is also used to relieve the pain of serious injuries and to sedate those with serious mental illness. It was once used medicinally as a general anesthetic, but its unpredictable effects and dangerous side-effects have made it largely obsolete in modern medicine.
The Aphelandra or Spurflower is a large evergreen shrub found in rainforests from Central America to northern South America. Its leaves are glossy green and flowers are usually red or green.
The plant contains many nutrients and vitamins and is often used as a herbal remedy to prevent or cure various diseases. It is also used as an aphrodisiac, especially in traditional Chinese medicine. However, it can be dangerous to some people and should not be taken without medical supervision.
The Dark Red Roses are a species of wild rose found in forests throughout the world. They have dark red petals and a sweet, heady fragrance.
They are often woven into garlands to adorn statues or worn by the beloved. The ancient Romans believed that a garland of roses would ward off impending danger and death. Roses were also associated with the goddesses Venus and Aphrodite.
The Olive Tree is a small tree native to the Mediterranean Basin. It has been grown for thousands of years in this region and has several different varieties.
It has been regarded as a symbol of peace for centuries and is often used in folk medicine to treat burns, wounds and eye inflammations. It is also valued for its edible fruit, though this should only be consumed in small quantities.
The Tulip is a species of wildflower that grows freely in temperate climates across the world. Every spring, fields of tulips bloom bright colors for a brief but beautiful period.
Tulips grow just about anywhere and thrive in many different kinds of soil, but prefer fresh manure to help them grow. They typically have a short life span, lasting at most a few months, though Holland actively breeds new varieties of tulips that can last throughout the whole spring.
The Tulip Festival is an annual celebration in spring that was started in Holland hundreds of years ago. It is still celebrated to this day, especially in the town of Zundert.
The festival is a time for feasting and enjoying the beautiful displays of colorful tulips in every field.
The Olive Branch has been a symbol of peace for as long as humans have occupied the Earth. The olive tree is a sturdy and hardy tree that survives in dry and infertile soil.
It also produces nourishing fruit and oil that is important to human survival. For these reasons, the Olive Branch has come to represent peace and serenity.
The Wolf’s Bane is a poisonous herb that contains an alkaloid toxin that attacks the nervous system and causes paralysis. All parts of the plant contain this toxin, especially the roots and leaves, so it must be handled with care.
The plant only grows in certain regions around the world, most of which are sparsely populated or uninhabitable. The ancient Greeks used the Wolf’s Bane as a poison on their arrows when hunting wolves.
The Lotus Flower originated in India but has naturalized throughout Asia. The flower symbolizes love and desire, though it is regarded as more of a metaphor for the temptation the leads one away from the path of enlightenment rather than a romantic love.
In some traditions, eating the flower is said to bring about hallucinations and a feeling of transcendence. It has been used in religious rituals for this purpose for millennia.
The Peacock Flower is a species of wildflower that is named for its beautiful and colorful petals. The flower grows freely in temperate zones and tolerates human intervention, making it a popular ornamental plant.
Unsurprisingly, the Peacock Flower’s colorful petals are a common motif in the art and fashion of many cultures.
The Morning Glory is a species of vine known for its attractive flowers with elongated petals. The flowers are popular among the mortals and are often cultivated, though they tend to grow best in tropical or subtropical climes.
The flower has a special place in the culture of the Greeks, who see the flower as a symbol of sadness due to its long and slender shape.
The Black Lotus is native to Southeast Asian wetlands but has been spread to many other parts of the world due to human intervention. The flower is infamous for its properties as a psychoactive agent and has been connected to various drug cultures throughout history.
It contains a variety of psychoactive alkaloids, the most well known being ibotenic acid and withanolides.
The Olive Branch is an international symbol of peace. It began as a ceremonial gift from Zeus to the people of Athens after the death of his son, Amphion.
It is made up of a sprig from a wild olive tree, and was therefore representative of both prosperity and peace.
The Tulip is a often considered the most beautiful of flowers. It’s long history as a royal possession dates back to the time of ancient Assyria, where royalty would display their opulence by exchanging tulips as gifts.
Since then, the tulip has come to represent beauty and majesty.
The Lily is considered the flower of the Virgin Mary. Its connection with purity and grace have made it a popular motif in art during the medieval and renaissance periods.
The flower is also strongly connected with the idea of feminity, though it is also often used to refer to males who exhibit these traits.
The Wisteria is named after the German botanist, Georg Wistaria. The flower is native to China, and has been grown in Japan for hundreds of years.
Wisteria flowers grow in clusters of purple petals and bloom in the spring. The flowers have a light but sweet fragrance.
The Snowdrop is a flower closely related to the popular gardenflower, the Tulip. Together, the two flowers are representative of the fragile hope that springs in the wake of a cold winter.
Most often, paintings of the Madonna will depict her wearing a gown of Snowdrops or Tulips.
The Carnation is a species of flower that grows in clusters and thrives in hot temperatures. The flowers are partially see-through and come in a variety of colors.
Carnations are symbols of love and affection, as they were once cultivated by the ancient Greeks to decorate the altars of weddings ceremonies.
The Snapdragon is a plant native to the temperate and subtropical Americas. The name comes from its peculiar growth of having the last flower open at night and the first one to close in the morning, thus looking like it was snatching pokers.
It’s traditionally used in Latin American desserts.
The Peony is a flower connected with both the Earth and Winter, due to its appearance at this time of year. Its name is translated to “Paeony” from the Greek word “Paeon”, which means to cure or heal.
Peonies are a symbol of love and are often given out at weddings.
The Tulip is a flower most popular during the Dutch Tulipomania, in which the flowers were traded for exorbitant prices due to their rarity and beauty. It is symbolic of both love and wealth.
The Tulip is also the national flower of The Netherlands.
The Wisteria is a deciduous woody vine that can grow up to 30 feet high. The flower is used as an emblem for southern Italy.
It’s also closely related to another flower called the Confuciusornis, a small dinosaur that lived during the Jurassic period.
The Carnation is a cross-breed between the Dianthus superbus and the species physocarpus.
Sources & references used in this article:
Temperature, irradiance, photoperiod, and growth retardants influence greenhouse production of Angelonia angustifolia Benth. Angel Mist series by A Miller, AM Armitage – HortScience, 2002 – journals.ashs.org
Histogenetic variation in flowers of Angelonia Humb. et Bonpl. by S Plaschil, K Olbricht – Journal of Applied Botany and Food …, 2012 – researchgate.net
Substrate moisture content effects on growth and shelf life of Angelonia angustifolia by AB Jacobson, TW Starman, L Lombardini – HortScience, 2015 – journals.ashs.org
Response of bedding plants to saline water irrigation by G Niu, DS Rodriguez, T Starman – HortScience, 2010 – journals.ashs.org
Effects of Waterlogging with Different Water Resources on Plant Growth and Tolerance Capacity of Four Herbaceous Flowers in a Bioretention Basin by WC Yang, KH Lin, CW Wu, YJ Chang, YS Chang – Water, 2020 – mdpi.com