Highbush Blueberry Varieties For Sale
There are many different types of blueberries available in the market today. Some are highbush and some are lowbush.
The term “high bush” refers to the berries growing up from the ground while “low bush” means they grow aboveground. There are several kinds of highbush blueberries, but only two types of lowbush ones. They have very similar characteristics, so it’s hard to tell them apart.
The most common type of highbush blueberry is Vaccinium corymbosa (Vaccinium Corymbosa). These berries grow up from the ground and produce large clusters with small seeds.
Their flavor is milder than those grown under other conditions such as sun or shade.
The second type of highbush blueberry is Vaccinium macrocarpa (Vaccinium Macrocarpa). These berries grow up from the ground and produce smaller clusters with larger seeds.
Their flavor is sweeter than those grown under other conditions such as sun or shade.
Both types of blueberries can be used interchangeably, but they do not taste alike. The macrocarpa blueberries have a more pleasing and richer taste than corymbosa.
They are also more expensive since they are not as common as corymbosa.
The only two types of lowbush blueberries are Vaccinium Angustifolium (Vaccinium Angustifolium) and Vaccinium Pallidum (Vaccinium Pallidum). They grow above ground and produce small clusters with tiny seeds.
Their flavor is sour, but also sweet.
Both types of lowbush blueberries are interchangeable and can be used in most recipes calling for any type of the berry.
Blueberries thrive best in acidic soil that contains a lot of organic material. They require large amounts of sunlight, so they do well in open fields.
The roots of these plants spread out far and wide, which is why they do not do well in pots or containers.
Blueberries require a lot of care if you want them to grow big and produce a lot of fruit. When you plant blueberries, they will most likely come with a tag that tells you exactly what they need and how to take care of them.
Usually, the package contains a small booklet on how to plant, water, fertilize, and take care of the plant.
Blueberries require a lot of sunlight, so they do well in open fields. If planted in an area that does not get a lot of light, such as under a tree, their growth will be stunted and will probably produce no berries.
Blueberries thrive in acidic soil that contains a lot of organic material. You can purchase a bag of soil especially made for blueberries, or you may have to add materials to your soil to meet their needs.
Blueberries grow best in areas that do not get a lot of freezing temperatures. If you live in an area that gets a lot of snow and the temperature suddenly drops below freezing at night, your blueberry bushes will not survive.
Blueberries require water, but too much water can be harmful to them. If the soil is constantly wet, the roots will not be able to breathe and the plant will suffer.
Water the soil, not the plants.
When watering, wait until the top layer of soil is dry before watering again. You can water just a little bit at a time, around once a week.
These plants do not require a lot of water.
During the growing season, blueberries require a lot of nutrients. You can pick up a bag of fertilizer from your local gardening center.
Follow the instructions on the label to see how much you should use per plant.
Blueberries cannot withstand too much nitrogen, so do not over fertilize them. Too much nitrogen will cause the leaves to turn a lush green color and grow very large, but there will be no fruit.
After picking, the berries will slowly turn a lighter shade of blue. The fresher the blueberries, the better they taste.
They should be eaten right away or stored in the refrigerator for up to a week.
When the weather is nice, the plants should be moved outside for several hours a day. They need at least 8 hours of sunlight daily.
You may move them to another area that gets more or less light for varying lengths of time.
When night time comes, bring them back inside your home. The berries will not grow if they are left out in the dark.
Blueberries should be watered every day. They don’t like soggy soil, but they do need water.
During the winter months, your blueberry bushes will not grow. They will remain dormant until spring when there is a change in temperature.
If you still live in an area that snows, the bushes will probably not survive.
Blueberries love acidic soil. You can find bags of soil at your local gardening store.
Some blueberry bushes are more sensitive than others, so read the packaging to make sure you get a soil that is right for your specific type of bush.
Every once in a while, a bird may decide to eat your blueberries. You can scare them away by putting up a bird feeder in the area.
If you don’t pick your berries on a daily basis, some might fall to the ground. There they will ferment and attract wasps to the area.
You may want to keep a bucket underneath the bush to collect fallen berries and dispose of them every few days.
Blueberries can be made into different types of preserves, jellies, or jams. You can even just eat them fresh!
Blueberries are a delicious way to get antioxidants. With a little bit of work, you can have a healthy snack right outside your doorstep.
What You’ll Need
Blueberry seeds (You can order these online)
A few small pots with soil. Do not use a large pot.
Blueberries do not like to be root-bound.
A warm area with sunlight. You can use grow lights if you don’t have a south facing window.
A constant temperature between 60-80 degrees. Do not let the temperature drop below 50 or go above 90.
Do not put the pots anywhere that gets really hot or really cold.
A container to catch water runoff.
Step By Step
1 Let’s start by getting our containers. You’re going to need a few small pots.
One pot for each plant you want to grow.
2 Start by preparing your pots. You’ll need one small pot per bush, so if you want two bushes, you’ll need two pots.
Fill each pot with soil until it’s about one inch from the top.
3 While your pots are filling with soil, it’s time to get your blueberry seeds ready as well. Blueberries need to be stratified before you can grow them, which means you need to expose them to both cold and heat.
Fill a bucket with water and ice. Submerge the blueberry seeds and place the bucket someplace cold where you won’t forget about it, like your basement or garage. Every day for the next two weeks, move the bucket to a warmer area, such as your kitchen or bathroom and then put it back in the cold again. You’ll know your seeds are ready when they start to split and crack.
4 After two weeks have passed, take the seeds out of the water and place them on a paper towel for a few hours to dry off. Then soak the seeds in water for 24 hours before you plant them.
5 Your pots should be full of soil at this point. Take your blueberry seeds and plant one per pot.
Cover with about 1/4 inch of soil.
6 Place your pots in a warm (not hot!) windowsill and keep the soil moist, not wet.
As long as you do this, your blueberry bush should start to grow. You’ll know it’s working when you begin to see new leaves sprouting.
7 Water your plants whenever the soil is dry. You don’t want the soil to be wet, just dry–similar to how it is before you water it again.
8 Once your plants are a few inches tall, you can fertilize them with some water mixed with plant food. Follow the instructions on the packaging.
This will make your blueberry bush grow faster and produce more berries. You can do this every couple months.
Sources & references used in this article:
Interspecific variation in anthocyanins, phenolics, and antioxidant capacity among genotypes of highbush and lowbush blueberries (Vaccinium section cyanococcus … by W Kalt, DAJ Ryan, JC Duy, RL Prior… – Journal of agricultural …, 2001 – ACS Publications
Procyanidin, anthocyanin, and chlorogenic acid contents of highbush and lowbush blueberries by A Rodriguez-Mateos, T Cifuentes-Gómez… – Journal of agricultural …, 2012 – ACS Publications
Nitrogen fertilization of highbush blueberry by EJ Hanson – VIII International Symposium on Vaccinium Culture 715, 2004 – actahort.org
Suitability of EST-PCR markers developed in highbush blueberry for genetic fingerprinting and relationship studies in lowbush blueberry and related species by DJ Bell, LJ Rowland, JJ Polashock… – Journal of the …, 2008 – journals.ashs.org
Blueberry production trends in North America, 1992 to 2003, and predictions for growth by BC Strik, D Yarborough – HortTechnology, 2005 – journals.ashs.org
Phenolic profile and antioxidant activity of highbush blueberry (Vaccinium corymbosum L.) during fruit maturation and ripening by ADR Castrejón, I Eichholz, S Rohn, LW Kroh… – Food Chemistry, 2008 – Elsevier
Establishment and Management of the Cultivated Lowbush Blueberry (Vaccinium angustifolium) by DE Yarborough – International journal of fruit science, 2012 – Taylor & Francis
Improving highbush blueberries by breeding and selection by JN Moore – Euphytica, 1965 – Springer
Perspective on the US and global blueberry industry by D Brazelton, BC Strik – Journal-American Pomological Society, 2007 – researchgate.net