The Late Flat Dutch Cabbage (LFDC) is one of the most popular types of vegetables in the world. It is also known as Dutch cabbage or flat leaf lettuce. LFDCs are used mainly for salads and sandwiches, but they can be eaten raw too! They have a mild flavor with a light texture. There are many varieties of LFDC, but the most common ones include:
Flat Leek (Allium cepa L.)
Kohlrabi (Brassicas chinensis L.)
Red Kale (Collinopsis caapi L.)
These plants grow well in cool climates, but prefer a bit warmer climate. These plants need full sun and moderate moisture levels. Some growers will not plant them at all if it’s too hot.
If your area doesn’t get much rainfall, then these plants may be difficult to grow.
How To Plant LFDC?
Planting flats is very easy and requires little attention from you. You just need to make sure that the soil is moist enough so that the roots don’t rot out of existence before they reach the surface. A good place to start planting flats would be in a sunny spot where there isn’t any wind blowing during the day time. It’s best to create a flat where you can easily access it without stepping on the plants, so placing it in a corner is ideal.
Prepare your soil by mixing in some compost and rotted manure with your soil. You want the soil to be loose and fluffy, so mix in some plant fiber with the soil as well. Next you will need to cut out three squares from the plastic that comes with the flat.
Each square should be cut out from a different corner. You may also need to cut out a larger hole in the middle so that you can mix the soil with some plant fiber before placing it back into the flat.
Once the soil is mixed well, place each square into the middle of each row, and then place some of the soil + fiber mixture into the bottom of each square hole. Now that you have the soil prepared, it’s time to start planting!
The ideal way is to start off by planting 3 seeds per square. Once the plants start to develop their third leaves, choose the strongest one and remove the others by pulling them away from the square. It is also possible to start off each row with 3 plants, but you will need to plant more seeds into each square as they die out slowly.
Keep the soil moist, but not overly wet and ensure that you give them enough sunlight.
These plants need about 1 to 2 feet of space between each plant. In addition, they also require about 3 feet of space between each row. This is important to keep in mind when picking out your location to grow your vegetables.
If you’re growing these inside a greenhouse or some other structure, then you can probably get away with a little less space.
Pests & Problems With LFDC
Insects that feed on lettuce and other cabbage based plants are likely to give your LFDCs a hard time. Aphids are one of the most common insects that will attack your plants if you aren’t careful. You can combat these by spraying them with a strong jet of water, or introducing ladybugs to your garden.
Some of the other factors that can cause harm to your plants include:
Lighter than Air Weed Competition
Overwatering (this is more likely to happen if you forget to water them)
Pick The Right Location To Grow Your LFDCs
Greenhouses are an enclosed area with transparent or translucent walls. It allows you to grow your vegetables even during the coldest and/or darkest times of the year.
Benefits Of A Greenhouse
There are many benefits to using a greenhouse. The obvious one is that you can extend the growing season by several weeks on either side. This makes it ideal if you live in an area with cold winters, as it allows you to grow your crops year round.
In addition to this, there are other benefits that you may not have thought about. For example, greenhouses conserve water, since they prevent a lot of the sunlight from entering.
Sources & references used in this article:
Growth Regulators and Plant Vitality, Increased Frost Resistance by Application of Plant Growth-Retardant Chemicals by PC Marth – Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 1965 – ACS Publications
The relative resistance to insect attack of three cabbage varieties at different stages of plant maturity by EB Radcliffe, RK Chapman – Annals of the Entomological …, 1965 – academic.oup.com
Interrelationship of cabbage variety, season, and insecticide on control of the cabbage looper and the imported cabbageworm by RB Chalfant, CH Brett – Journal of Economic Entomology, 1967 – academic.oup.com