Bat flowers are one of the most beautiful plants in the world. They have been used for centuries as decorations and they are now becoming popular among gardeners because of their attractive foliage. There are many varieties of bat flowers, but there is only one type that is known as tacca chantrieri or Black Bat Flower. These flowers grow naturally in tropical regions such as Africa, Asia, Australia and South America. Tacca chantrieri is considered to be a noxious weed in temperate climates, but it grows well in humid areas.
Tacca chantrieri is native to Madagascar and other parts of West African countries. It was introduced into India sometime during the 19th century. It spread rapidly throughout southern India and even reached Sri Lanka where it became invasive due to its ability to reproduce quickly and easily when conditions were favorable. It is not uncommon for tacca chantrieri to cover up to 50 acres (about 20 hectares) in a single year.
The plant’s name comes from the Latin word “taccarius,” which means “black.” The flowers are actually white with black spots, though some people believe that the spotty pattern is caused by insects. However, this theory does not explain why the flowers appear so dark brown at night.
Black bat flowers are considered garden pests in many parts of the world. It reproduces asexually and can spread to cover very large areas. Tacca chantrieri spreads mainly through its thick horizontal rhizomes (underground stems), which enable it to form wide, dense patches. In order to get rid of tacca chantrieri in your yard, you need to uproot all of the plant, including the rhizomes.
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Floral Visitation, Pollen Removal, and Pollen Transport of Tacca cristata Jack (Dioscoreaceae) by Female Ceratopogonid Midges (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) by GS Lim, RA Raguso – International Journal of Plant Sciences, 2017 – journals.uchicago.edu
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