Dwarf Crested Iris (Ceratoptera: Cercopidae)
The dwarf crested iris is one of the most popular species among hobbyists and gardeners. They are easy to grow, require little care, and produce a large number of flowers. Dwarf crested irises have been cultivated since ancient times; they were used in folk medicine as well as being prized for their beauty and fragrance.
How To Care For A Dwarf Iris Plant?
In general, dwarf crested irises are not too difficult to keep alive. You just need to provide them with plenty of water and light. Most dwarf crested irises do best when given bright indirect sunlight at all times. If you want your plant to bloom better, make sure it gets full sun during the day and partial shade at night. Do not allow the temperature to drop below 65°F or rise above 90°F (32°C). Watering your dwarf crested iris regularly will ensure that it does not become root bound.
If you live in a hot climate, then watering your dwarf crested iris daily may be necessary. In fact, if you live in a very dry area, then monthly watering might be needed. However, regular watering is not required if you use drip irrigation systems.
If you live in a place with colder winters, then you should mulch around the base of the plant to protect it from freezing temperatures. During the blooming period, make sure you deadhead spent flowers and remove any foliage that has died. Also, fertilize your dwarf crested iris regularly during this time using a balanced fertilizer.
Dwarf crested irises come in a wide range of colors. They can range from white, yellow, orange, red, purple, blue, and even bi-colors. Most plants have three flowers that rise up from a single stem.
While you can buy dwarf crested irises that are already in bloom at your garden center, it is much cheaper to buy them while they are in leaf and then let them bloom on their own time. If they do not bloom within a year then you probably bought the wrong type of dwarf crested iris.
The blooming period lasts from three to five weeks in most cases. Some dwarf crested irises can even bloom two times a year. While some gardeners report that their plant has died after the first blooming period, it is definitely possible for your plant to produce more flowers during the same growing season as long as you deadhead it and provide good care.
Sources & references used in this article:
Growing Iris by USU Gardening Current – 2005 – digitalcommons.usu.edu
Description 1 How Irises Grow 3 Varieties-3 Planting Irises 3 Care of Plants 5 by P Irises – naldc.nal.usda.gov
Growing iris in the home garden by HM Cathey – 1977 – books.google.com
Growing Iris in the Home Garden by United States. Agricultural Research Service. Crops … – 1969 – books.google.com
Two new and unusual iris hybrids by LW Lenz – Aliso: A Journal of Systematic and …, 1956 – scholarship.claremont.edu
The native Iris of Ohio and bordering territory by S Linnegar, J Hewitt – 2003 – Sterling Publishing Company
Tobata-ayame: A new variety of Iris sanguinea Hornem. from northern Kyusyu, Japan by AE Waller – 1931 – kb.osu.edu