Growing Dumbcane Dieffenbachia – How To Care For A Dieffenbachia Plant?
Dieffenbachia are small, round plants with yellowish green leaves. They are native to Europe and Asia, but they have been introduced into North America (Canada) and Australia. They grow up to 4 feet tall and 3 feet wide. Their flowers are white or pinkish red, depending on their variety.
The most common type of dumb cane is called Brown Leaf Dumb Cane. These plants have brown leaves and are often found growing along the banks of streams. They usually bloom from March through May, although some varieties may bloom earlier. You will see them blooming all over your garden when it’s warm out! Other types include White Leaf Dumb Cane, Green Leaf Dumb Cane, Blue Leaf Dumb Cane and Red Leaf Dumb Cane.
Dumb creeper is a species of plant that grows on dead wood, such as old fence posts, railroad ties, tree stumps and other objects. They are easy to grow and produce large numbers of seeds. There are many different kinds: Yellow Dumb Creeper, Purple Dumb Creeper, Black Dumb Creeper, Pink Dumb Creeper and others. Most varieties of dumb creeper produce seeds in spring or summer. Some varieties can reproduce year-round if conditions are right.
Because they grow on old wood, they help prevent fires by keeping the moisture in dead trees and posts.
Dieffenbachia are very easy to grow if you follow a few steps, starting with finding the right place in your home for these plants. They like bright, sunny areas. If the light is not as strong, they will produce more leaves and fewer flowers. If you place them in front of a window, make sure the window does not get direct sunlight. A few hours of sunlight is OK, but all day sun can burn the leaves and cause unappealing brown spots.
Do not place in front of a window that faces the sun at any time of the day.
The soil for Dumb Cane should be loose and well drained. Dumb Cane can grow in normal garden soil, but it is better to mix in some compost or rotted manure to make the soil more fertile. Plant your dumb canes in spring or summer, making sure the plant is deep enough that the top portion of the roots is covered with soil. After planting, water thoroughly.
Place your Dumb Cane where it will get at least a few hours of direct sun. If you start it inside, wait until all danger of frost has passed before placing it in the ground. Try to place it at the same height it was originally growing for the best results.
Water your Dumb Cane when the soil starts to dry out. Over watering can be as detrimental as underwatering, so be careful. It isn’t a good idea to water from overhead, such as from a hose, because this can cause disease and pests. Instead, water deeply a little bit at a time. Place Dumb Cane where it will not be disturbed by children or pets as the stems and leaves are poisonous if eaten.
Dumb Cane can grow up to 4 feet tall, but often stays much shorter. If you want to control the height of your plant, it’s best to pinch off the tops when it is 6 inches tall. This forces the plant to produce side shoots and makes it bush out. Pinching also promotes branching and keeps the plant from getting leggy. Don’t cut off the top entirely, or you will ruin the appearance of the plant.
When growing dumb cane in containers, pinch off the tops when the plant is 1 foot tall.
You can also prune your Dumb Cane back in the late fall to within 6 inches of the ground. Cut off excess growth and leaves to within 6 inches of the ground in early spring.
The flowers on a Dumb Cane are very small and green. They are often hidden amongst the large leaves. If your Dumb Cane does produce flowers, you can expect seeds within 7-8 weeks. The seeds can be started indoors 6 to 8 weeks before you plant them outside, or directly in the ground in early spring.
Dumb Canes can also be propagated from cuttings. You can cut an entire stalk and root it in damp sand or soil. Cuttings will take longer to produce flowers and seeds. Place the cuttings in a warm, bright location until they begin to grow.
Dumb Canes do not usually get diseased or have pest problems. If you notice your leaves beginning to yellow and wilt at the base, it could be due to root rot. Move it to a well-draining location and don’t water it from above. Allow the top layer of soil to dry out before watering. This plant can also get infested with aphids.
Control aphids by spraying with soapy water.
Dumb Canes are attractive and hardy plants that can be grown indoors or outdoors throughout most of the United States. They’re easy to keep alive and will grow well in a variety of conditions.
Sources & references used in this article:
Acute airway compromise after brief exposure to a Dieffenbachia plant by KL Cumpston, SN Vogel, JB Leikin… – The Journal of emergency …, 2003 – Elsevier
Poisoning With” Dieffenbachia” by BA Barnes, LE Fox – Journal of the history of medicine and allied sciences, 1955 – JSTOR
Dieffenbachia: uses, abuses and toxic constituents: a review by J Arditti, E Rodriguez – Journal of ethnopharmacology, 1982 – Elsevier
Dieffenbachia plant poisoning cases and effects on human health by U Ummuhan, A KOCABAŞ – Anatolian Journal of Botany – dergipark.org.tr
Acclimatization and Growth of Dwarf Pampas Grass in Response to Fertilizer Application Following In Vitro Culture by CD Robacker – Journal of Environmental Horticulture, 1993 – meridian.allenpress.com
Toxicity of houseplants by P Abinaya, A Abiramy, P Vijayalakshmi
The distribution of calcium oxalate crystals in genus Dieffenbachia Schott. and the relationship between environmental factors and crystal quantity and quality by SC Smolinske – 1990 – books.google.com