Hibiscus is one of the most popular flowers in our garden. It attracts bees, butterflies, moths and other beneficial insects. They are very useful for pollinating our flowers. But there are certain pests which attack these beautiful flowers and cause damage to your plants. Here are some common pests:
White Bugs (Aphid)
The white bugs are not harmful to humans but they do harm your plants. White bugs feed on honeydew produced by aphids.
When the white bug eats the honeydew it causes a drop in the quality of your plant’s sap. Aphids will die when their food source becomes scarce and if this happens, then the whole colony dies off leaving no new ones to replace them.
Insects like white bugs are called Hemiptera because they have six legs. They are small, wingless insects with long antennae and tiny bodies.
Most species of Hemiptera belong to the order Coleoptera, which includes beetles, ants and wasps among others. Other names include ladybugs, lacewings or grasshoppers. Some species may even be known as stink bugs!
Insects have three main body parts: the head, the thorax and the abdomen. The head includes the eyes, antennae and mouthparts.
Most insects have wings, although some species don’t. Others may have extra wings called wing-like extensions. They also have jointed legs and a hard outer covering called an exoskeleton.
How Do White Bugs Get Rid Of Them?
Now that you know what white bugs are, it’s time to learn how to get rid of them. There are several ways to do so:
Pick Them Off By Hand
This is a tedious process but if you find it necessary then go ahead! First, you’ll need a pair of tweezers or a toothpick.
Carefully pluck the aphid from the plant and dispose of it.
Tip: If you find that there are too many aphids, it is best to use another method because it takes a very long time to pick them all off by hand.
Apply A Natural Repellent
Aphids have a strong sense of smell. If you use a natural repellent, the aphids will get a whiff and move away from the plant.
Some plants repel aphids more than others so this method may not always work. Here are some examples of plants that repel aphids:
Applying A Natural Repellent Is Not Always Effective. (Images @ westend61 and Free-Photos)
Spray Them With Water
Aphids have soft bodies so they can’t survive a direct hit of water. Take your garden hose and spray the aphids directly.
This method is very effective but you should only use it if there are only a few aphids. If you’ve got a large infestation, it’s best to use another method.
How To Get Rid Of Spider Mites
Another common pest is the spider mite. They look like little red dots on your plants.
It’s important to keep an eye on your plants and check for pests because if you ignore them, they’ll multiply and eat all of your plants!
The best way to get rid of spider mites is to introduce natural predators that will eat them for you. Here are some examples of natural spider mite predators:
Ladybugs: These cute little red beetles love to eat aphids but they also love to eat other soft-bodied arthropods like spider mites. They’re also helpful because they release a chemical into the air that prevents more aphids from arriving!
Parasitoid Wasps: These wasps are not your average wasps that sting humans. They are very tiny and resemble flies.
Their larvae kill various arthropod pests so they make great additions to your garden.
How To Get Rid Of Flies
Flies are another type of small flying bug. If you have a lot of garbage in your yard or food waste, you might find a lot of fruit flies around it.
The best way to get rid of fruit flies is to clean up! Clean all trash and food waste so that flies don’t have anything to eat.
If you can’t get rid of the food waste, then cover it with a strong lid or plastic bag.
Fruit flies are weak fliers so if you put some sticky tape in the area where you have the fruit waste, they won’t be able to escape.
How To Get Rid Of Ants
Ants are another common insect and they can be identified by their constant movement and multiple appendages. You may find ants around your home or in your garden.
They can make small mounds in gardens or outside windowsills.
It’s important to get rid of ants because they can hurt the environment by killing the wildlife that lives there and carrying dead carcasses to their colony.
Ants have a keen sense of smell and if they detect sugar or food waste, they will be able to find it! Make sure you clean all food waste, especially sugar.
You can also use dry ice to get rid of them. Ants don’t like the carbon dioxide that comes from dry ice.
You should also make sure there are no cracks or holes in your garden shed because that’s where a lot of ants like to live.
How To Get Rid Of Bees
The last pest on our list are bees. There are many different types of bees and they’re generally found in groups or swarms.
Honey bees are one of the most common types of bees you’ll find around flowers or near your house.
Bees can harm the environment and other wildlife by stealing their nectar and stinging them. If bees have no flowers to feed on, they will die out.
Bees can be hard to get rid of but there are some ways you can try. The first way is to introduce bees that have a mutual enemy.
The second way is to reduce the amount of flowers in the area.
The first way is pretty self-explanatory. You get another type of bee that has a mutual enemy with the honey bees and let them fight it out.
The second way is a little trickier. You need to get rid of the flowers in the area because bees feed on flower nectar. If there are no flowers, then the bees will starve and leave.
Here are some examples of bee mutual enemies:
European Wasps: Unlike native American wasps, European Wasps can kill bees with their stingers.
Tachinid Fly: These little white flies are parasite maggots. They burrow into bee larvae and eat them from the inside out.
How To Get Help
There are many different ways you can get help with your pest problem. You can call a professional and ask for their advice or you can try to fix the problem on your own.
Either way, you’re going to need some tools.
The Best Pest Killer On The Market
The product that we recommend is called Sevin Concentrate. It is made by a company called Bayer and it’s the best product for getting rid of just about any kind of insect.
This stuff works great on most types of flies, moths, roaches, and other insects. All you need to do is mix the included measuring cup into a gallon of water and you’re ready to go.
Most insects die within seconds of coming into contact with it.
The best thing about this product is that it’s not specifically designed for outdoor or indoor use so you can easily take care of any type of pest problem you may have.
The only thing you really need to keep in mind is that this stuff can harm plants so keep it away from them. It also shouldn’t come into contact with any surface that you’d eat off of like countertops or tables because it is poisonous.
Just use common sense, and be sure to store the gallon of clear liquid in a safe place out of the reach of children and pets.
You can learn more about the benefits of this product at Amazon.
How To Rid Yourself Of Certain Pests
Now that you know about the different types of bugs that are bugging you and how to get rid of them, it’s time to learn about how to stay safe when combating these pests on your own. We’ll go over some of the most important things you should keep in mind while doing pest control.
Don’t Get Bitten!
There are many different types of pest that you may need to deal with and they all have different ways of defending themselves. While some insects like bees will only attack if provoked, others like fleas will jump on you the first chance they get.
It’s important to protect yourself to avoid getting bitten or stung.
Sight: Wear long sleeves and pants whenever possible. This will reduce the chances of insects getting on your skin and prevent you from being accidentally poisoned.
Feet: Whenever you’re walking through infested areas, always wear shoes. Some insects like spiders can crawl into your shoes and bite your feet so it’s best to just wear them whenever possible.
Hands: You should always wear gloves whenever touching carcasses or other insect breeding grounds. Some insects like bees will bite if you touch them so it’s best to avoid direct contact with them altogether.
Other than wearing the right clothing and protecting yourself from bites, there are also some other safety measures you should take when doing pest control. Your goal is to kill the pests without harming yourself in the process.
Crawl Around: You should never walk or run through an area where you suspect there are insects. If you must traverse an area like this, be sure to crouch down and crawl instead.
This will ensure that if any insects are present, they will not be near your head or legs which are the most vulnerable parts of your body in terms of getting bitten or stung. Walking or running while in an infested area increases the chances that the insects will notice you and swarm.
Keep Your Hands Out Of Your Mouth And Eyes: Some insects like bees, wasps, and ants can get into your body through your eyes and nose. It may be tempting to scratch an itch you can’t reach but it’s best to avoid doing this if possible as it may result in an unwanted sting or bite.
Don’t Panic: In the event that you do get stung or bitten, you shouldn’t panic. Some people are allergic to the venom of different insects and will require a visit to the hospital if they get stung or bitten multiple times.
In general, this is rare and most people can handle a few stings or bites with no serious side effects other than localized swelling and pain. Just stay calm and head to the emergency room if you notice any signs of an allergic reaction like difficulty breathing, chest tightening, or a rash breaking out all over your body.
Sources & references used in this article:
New record of insect pests infesting kasturi bhendi, Hibiscus abelomoschus Linnaeus, a medicinal plant. by R Rajashekhargouda, MC Devaiah… – Journal of the Bombay …, 1984 – cabdirect.org
Culture of Beauveria bassiana and its pathogenicity to insect pests of jute (Corchorus capsularis and C. olitorius) and mesta (Hibiscus cannabinus and H. sabdariffa). by NC Pandit, D Som – Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 1988 – cabdirect.org
Results of field trials to control common insect pests of okra, Hibiscus esculentus L., in Togo by application of crude methanolic extracts of leaves and seed kernels of the neem … by S Adhikary – Zeitschrift für Angewandte Entomologie, 1984 – Wiley Online Library
First record of Phenacoccus solenopsis Tinsley (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae) on Hibiscus rosa-sinensis in Nigeria. by AJ Akintola, AT Ande – Agricultural Journal, 2008 – cabdirect.org