Grapes are one of the most popular fruits in the world. They have been cultivated since ancient times and their taste and flavor are known all over the world. Most people love grapes because they provide a good source of nutrition and vitamins. However, there is another reason why people like to eat them: They make delicious wine! Wine is made from grapes or other fruit juices extracted from grapes (or any other fruit) which are fermented with yeast or bacteria to produce alcohol. There are several types of wines, but the most common type is red wine. Red wine contains mostly sugar (glucose), and it’s usually drunk straight after fermentation. White wine contains mainly water and sometimes some additional sugars such as honey or fruit juice. If you want to drink white wine, you’ll need to add a little bit of sweetener before drinking it. You can buy white wine at a store or you can make your own. For making your own wine, you will need to use a bottle of red wine, and then you just need to add some ingredients into the bottle. Some simple recipes are listed below:
How To Make Your Own White Wine Recipe
The main ingredient in making your own white wine recipe is grape juice. You can make your own juice by using a juicer and then add yeast and other ingredients to make the wine. For making your own white wine, you will need about 2 quarts of water, 1/3 cup of honey or white sugar, 1/3 cup of lemon juice and 8 cups of white grape juice. Put all the ingredients into a large pot and then heat the mixture until the sugar has dissolved. Take the pot off the heat and allow it to cool.
Transfer the mixture to a fermenting container (such as a demijohn) and add yeast. Try to get the best high-quality yeast you can find because it’s going to affect the taste of your wine. You can buy yeast at a brewing supply shop or online. The best choice is turbo yeast, which is more expensive but can help you make better wine. Ferment the mixture for about two weeks and then transfer the liquid into a clean demijohn. You may want to filter out the pulp before you do this. Bottle your wine and then wait about four months for it to age and improve in flavor.
Your wine is ready to drink after about four months, but if you want it to taste better you should let it age for at least six months (and up to one year). You should also keep the bottles on their sides (upside down) for 2 months before drinking. After this, you just need to refrigerate the bottles and then enjoy your home-made wine whenever you want.
Beer brewing is best done with the assistance of a beer brewing kit. You can buy beer brewing equipment online or at any good home brewing supply store.
If you’d prefer to make your own wine, but aren’t interested in buying a whole bunch of equipment, there is an easy method that requires nothing more than a large pot.
Easy Wine Recipe
You’ll need the following ingredients: 1 package of red fruit juice (without high fructose corn syrup), 1 large can of pineapple chunks (do not drain), 1 large sweet onion, 2 pounds of brown sugar, 1 ounce of yeast and 5 gallons of tap water.
Begin by chopping the onion into small pieces and put them in the pot. Peel the pineapple chunks, remove the eyes and then chop them into small pieces. Add the pineapple to the pot. Pour the red fruit juice and 5 gallons of tap water into the pot. Stir until the sugar dissolves.
Boil the liquid for about 1 hour (keep it covered). After it has cooled down to room temperature, stir in the yeast. Transfer the liquid into a large container (such as a trash can or clean stone pool) that has a tight-fitting lid. Keep the container out of sunlight and cover it with a blanket or tarp. Leave the mixture for about 1 week in a dark place. Transfer the liquid into another container (still covered) and put it in a cool spot (outdoors is best). After 2 or 3 weeks, the wine should be ready to drink.
If you want to make a cheap and easy natural yeast starter, mix the juice from one can of pineapple chunks in 2 quarts of water (instead of 5 gallons of water). Keep this mixture in a container with a loose or leak-proof lid. Cover the container with a blanket or towel and keep it in a dark place. The yeast in the fermented pineapple juice creates the needed carbon dioxide that makes the bread rise.
A cheaper and more nutritious substitute for brown sugar is white sugar combined with the juice of half a lemon.
Your wine should be stored in a cool, dark place such as a cellar and will keep there for many years. It can also be kept in large glass bottles or jugs, but keep in mind that it will still continue to ferment in the bottle (obviously not as much as if you were to keep it in a container with a loose or leak-proof lid).
Note: You can use this to make hard cider by replacing the red fruit juice with apple juice.
Note: You can use this to make hard apple cider by replacing the red fruit juice with apple juice.
Making hard cider is very similar to making wine or beer. Its main advantage is that its quick and easy and you don’t need any special equipment or ingredients. While wine and beer both take time, hard cider only takes a week and you can get all of the ingredients at your local supermarket.
Hard Cider requires two steps – fermentation and aging.
The first step is to mix the water and yeast in a 5-gallon food-safe bucket (plastic, metal or glass). Next, pour in the white sugar and stir until the sugar is completely dissolved. Finally, pour in the cider and stir gently with a wooden or plastic spoon. (Metal might react with the yeast.) Once this is done, cover the bucket with a lid that can provide an airtight seal (duct tape can be used to fix a loose lid).
Then, store the bucket in a cool, dark place (basement or garage) for 7-10 days.
After 7-10 days you can transfer the cider to bottles or other containers. Its recommend that you either use champagne bottles (with screw caps and wire cages) or bottles that have caps that can be wired on.
To bottle the hard cider: First, get your bottles (and caps, if not using bottles with their own caps). Next, use a measuring cup (or something similar) and carefully pour the hard cider into the bottles. Fill them to about an inch from the top (your volume will vary depending on the size of your bottles). After you have filled all of the bottles, screw the caps on with the wire cage or put the bottle’s own caps on. Then, set the bottles aside for 2-3 weeks.
After 2-3 weeks you can enjoy your hard cider!
Sources & references used in this article:
Developing and testing a diagnostic probe for grape phylloxera applicable to soil samples by K Herbert, K Powell, A Mckay, D Hartley… – Journal of economic …, 2008 – academic.oup.com
Characterizing grapevine spectral response to phylloxera infestation by LJ Renzullo – Bollettino della Comunità Scientifica in Australasia, 2004 – researchgate.net
A holistic approach to future management of grapevine phylloxera by KS Powell – Arthropod Management in Vineyards:, 2012 – Springer
Biology and management of grape phylloxera by J Granett, MA Walker, L Kocsis… – Annual review of …, 2001 – annualreviews.org