Liberty Apple Growing – Caring For A Liberty Apple Tree
What Is A Liberty Apple?
A liberty apple tree is a type of apple tree which produces its fruit exclusively through self-pollination. Self-pollination means that the female plant itself fertilizes the male seedling’s seeds without any assistance from man or woman. There are two types of self-pollinated varieties:
1) Hybrid – Both parents produce their own offspring.
These include hybrid apples such as Fuji, Granny Smith and Honeycrisp. They have been bred with each other so that they both produce their own offspring. The parent trees must be very close in age to ensure cross-fertilization between the parents’ pollen grains.
2) Wild – One parent is wild and the other is cultivated.
The mother tree is either a cultivar or a wild variety. The father tree may be a cultivar or a wild variety. Once the seedlings emerge, they will continue to reproduce themselves until one of them becomes large enough to bear fruit. If the mother tree dies before she bears her first set of fruits, then no further reproduction takes place! The mother tree must live at least until her first fruits are ready to be picked, and you must gather the seeds in the fall before she loses her leaves.
The types of apple trees that fall into this category include:
1) Indian Summer – A great American apple which is a cross between two other North American apples, the Northern Spy and the Carnival, both of which are also worth growing.
2) Harrison – Also known as Harragan.
An old American apple which is one of the two parents of the Indian Summer.
3) Wolf River – An old American variety which is also one of the two parents of the Indian Summer.
What Is The Best Way To Grow A Liberty Apple Tree?
Many different varieties of apple trees can grow well in the ground in your area. These include all the popular favorites such as Pink Ladies, McIntoshes, Granny Smiths and Honeycrisps. All you need is reasonably deep, well-drained fertile soil which doesn’t get waterlogged. Don’t plant your tree too deeply, or if you do then make sure you don’t mound the soil up around the base of the tree.
You should shield the roots from the sun in the hottest part of the day and give it some shelter when it’s young, but apart from that an apple tree isn’t very fussy. If your soil is light, add compost before you plant. If it’s heavy, dig in some gravel or crushed stone to make it lighter and improve drainage.
Water your tree well every day for the first week or so, while making sure the roots don’t get waterlogged. Adding a 2-inch layer of mulch, like bark chips or coarse wood shavings, will also help conserve moisture around the roots.
Sources & references used in this article:
The Holy Earth: The Birth of a New Land Ethic by LH Bailey – 1919 – Macmillan
The Magna Carta manifesto: Liberties and commons for all by LH Bailey – 1903 – Doubleday
The ethics of liberty by LH Bailey – 2015 – books.google.com