What Is Zone 6?
Zone 6 refers to a region where temperatures are generally milder than those found in other parts of the United States. These climates include areas such as Florida, Texas, Arizona, New Mexico and California. They tend to have moderate summers with hot nights and cool winters. They typically experience less precipitation than do zones 1 through 4 because they don’t receive as much moisture from rain or snowfall during the summer months.
The average annual rainfall for these regions ranges from about 50 inches (1270 mm) in the mountains of central Texas to less than 10 inches (255 mm) in the deserts of southern Nevada. Average temperature averages range from 75°F (24°C) at sea level to about 35°F (-2°C) at higher elevations. The coldest temperatures occur during winter months.
Where Are These Zones Located?
These zones are located along the eastern seaboard of the U.S., between Washington D.C. and Maine, and westward into Canada. Some of them extend northward into Canada and even farther southward across Mexico, but most end up being confined to their current boundaries due to terrain features such as mountain ranges or rivers.
What Kind Of Trees Grow Here?
These zones have trees that grow year-round. They include deciduous varieties such as oak, hickory, beech, maple, sycamore and elm. Coniferous plants such as pines, firs and cypress are also common. Parts of the Everglades have vegetation that is more like that found in zones 8 and 9.
What Flora Is Common?
Grasses, bushes and low shrubs are common in these zones. Because of the large amount of rainfall, there are some plants that only grow in these regions, such as the Florida brickearneya. Other types of plants found here include sago palm, cypress, oaks, hickories and magnolias.
What Fauna Is Common?
There are many types of animals that live in this region. Some of them are mammals such as coyotes, deer, squirrels, opossums and skunks. There are also several types of reptiles and amphibians.
What Kinds Of Soil Are Common?
These have sandy soils with a high water table. They are well drained and the texture is mostly sand or fine sand. There is very little rock on the surface, but rock lies deep below the soil.
What Are The Advantages?
These zones are warm year round, so plants grow quickly and easily. The growing season is very long. Warm humid weather promotes lush plant growth so there is no shortage of food. Wet weather means mosquitoes and other biting insects can be a problem.
What Are The Disadvantages?
These zones can have long periods without rainfall during the winter months. Droughts can lead to poor plant growth and wildfires. Flooding can be a problem after heavy rains because the warm weather causes snow on mountaintops to melt and rush downriver.
What Is The Wildlife Like?
There are a lot of mammals such as coyotes, raccoons, bobcats, deer and squirrels in wooded areas. They all eat plants, but also meat when they can get it. There are many species of birds that nest and live here too.
What Kinds Of Trees Grow Here?
The most common trees in these regions are deciduous varieties such as oak, maple, hickory and beech. Coniferous types such as pines, firs and spruces are also found here. In the southern part of this zone, the vegetation is more like that found in zones 7 and 8.
What Else Is This Zone Like?
There are sand hills in some parts of this region. The climate is warm and humid in the summer, but freezing cold in the winter. There can also be a lot of flooding after heavy rain.
What Is The Ground Like?
The soil in this region is sandy and there may be rock just below the surface. There are low hills and dales in this region.
What Kinds Of Animals Are Found Here?
The mammals found in this region include raccoons, deer, bears, coyotes and squirrels. Birds include cardinals, woodpeckers and owls. There are also many types of smaller insects and bugs that live here too.
What Kinds Of Plants Grow Here?
There are deciduous trees such as oaks, maples and beeches. Coniferous types found here include pines, firs and spruces.
Sources & references used in this article:
Environmental degradation and rehabilitation of the landscape around Sudbury, a major mining and smelting area by K Winterhalder – Environmental Reviews, 1996 – NRC Research Press
Pacific Northwest Forest Tree Seed Zones A template for native plants? by GR Johnson, FC Sorensen, JB St Clair… – Native Plants …, 2004 – npj.uwpress.org
The evolution of a wild landscape and its persistence in southern California by H Aschmann – Annals of the Association of American Geographers, 1959 – JSTOR
Development and stability of grass/woody mosaics in a subtropical savanna parkland, Texas, USA by S Archer – Journal of Biogeography, 1990 – JSTOR
Pleistocene settlement in the Australian arid zone: occupation of an inland riverine landscape in the central Australian ranges by PB Thorley – Antiquity, 1998 – cambridge.org