Brunfelsia Shrubs: How To Grow A Yesterday Today Tomorrow Plant
The Brunfelsia Shrub (Brunella sp.) is one of the most popular houseplants in the world. The plant grows from tropical to subtropical climates. Its leaves are dark green with yellow veins, which give it its common name “Yesterday” or “Today”. They have been used as ornamental plants since ancient times.
The species is native to South America, but it was introduced into Europe in the 17th century. It has become very popular in North America due to its ease of cultivation and easy care.
In the United States, Brunfelsia Shrubs are mostly grown as houseplants for children’s rooms and bedrooms. These plants are often planted outdoors because they tolerate some shade and don’t require much water. However, they will grow well indoors if given adequate light and air circulation.
Brunfelsia Shrubs are drought tolerant and can survive dry periods. They prefer moist soil conditions and thrive in humid areas such as bathrooms, kitchens, basements, laundry rooms and other places where humidity levels are high. They like bright lighting conditions so they need indirect sunlight during the day time. If the room gets too hot at night, these plants may drop their leaves temporarily to conserve energy.
Brunfelsia Shrubs are poisonous to humans and animals. They contain cardiac glycosides, which are used to medicines to treat heart disease. The effects of this toxin may cause vomiting, diarrhea, seizures and in severe cases heart failure. It is highly recommend that you keep these plants out of reach of children and pets.
Why Is The Plant Called Yesterday Today And Tomorrow?
The Yesterday Today And Tomorrow is part of the Solanaceae or nightshade family and is related to many other common garden plants such as tomatoes, potatoes and aubergines. The leaves, flowers, unripe fruits and roots of the plant contain toxins and solanine. It was used in Native American arrow poisons and skin paints. It was also used by them and early settlers as a poison for killing small pests, such as rats and other vermin.
Brunfelsia is known by many common names such as the yesterday today and tomorrow plant, tomorrow flower and the forget me not. These names were given due to the long flowering period of this plant and because it is toxic. The following sections look at these names in a little more detail.
Yesterday: The flowers of this plant last for more than a day, hence its name yesterday flower. It gets its other name yesterday today and tomorrow from this feature.
Tomorrow: It is called the tomorrow flower because it has flowers that last more than a day and since it is toxic it can kill pests such as rats and other small rodents hence its name tomorrow flower.
Forget Me Not: It is called forget me not due to the fact that the flowers closely resemble the blue colored flowers of the same name.
Sources & references used in this article:
Brunfelsia spp (Yesterday, today, tomorrow) toxicity in four dogs by M Singh, S Cowan, G Child – Australian veterinary journal, 2008 – Wiley Online Library
A Toxicological Investigation of the Garden Shrub Brunfelsia Calcyina var. Floribunda (Yesterday-Today-and-Tomorrow) in Three Species by CB Spainhour Jr, RA Fiske, W Flory… – Journal of veterinary …, 1990 – journals.sagepub.com
Active anthocyanin degradation in Brunfelsia calycina (yesterday–today–tomorrow) flowers by H Vaknin, A Bar-Akiva, R Ovadia, A Nissim-Levi, I Forer… – Planta, 2005 – Springer
Shoot regeneration from leaf explants of Brunfelsia calycina by R Liberman, L Shahar, A Nissim-Levi, D Evenor… – Plant Cell, Tissue and …, 2010 – Springer
Solid-phase microextraction of volatile compounds from flowers of two Brunfelsia species by C Bertrand, G Comte, F Piola – Biochemical Systematics and Ecology, 2006 – Elsevier
Brunfelsia australis (Yesterday, Today, and Tomorrow Tree) and Solanum Poisoning in a Dog by R Clipsham – Journal of the American Animal Hospital …, 2012 – meridian.allenpress.com