Lemon Tree Pruning: When Is The Best Time To Prune?
The best time to prune lemon trees is during the dormant season (winter) or early spring. During these times, there are fewer pests and diseases attacking your tree. You may have noticed that some of your lemons are turning yellow and shriveling up. These symptoms indicate that the tree is suffering from insect damage. Insects such as aphids, scale insects, whiteflies and others will attack any living things they can get their tiny little hands on. They usually do not cause any major problems to humans unless it affects our health negatively. However, if you see them damaging your tree’s leaves or fruit then you need to take action immediately!
If you want to learn more about how to control insect infestations on your citrus trees, read our article on How To Control Aphid Infestation On Your Citrus Trees.
How To Prune A Lemon Tree: When Should I Start Pruning My Lemon Tree?
When the foliage is starting to turn brown and die back, then it is time to start pruning your lemon tree. The optimal time to prune lemons is during the dormant season. This period usually starts in mid-winter and lasts until early spring. The tree needs all the energy it can get to produce new leaves and fruit, so this is the best time to prune your lemon tree.
There are several different ways that you can prune your lemon tree. Which method you use depends on the age and size of your tree. Here are some steps that can help you prune your lemon tree in the most appropriate manner:
Start by watering your tree thoroughly.
Now, decide which branches you need to remove. Use common sense; if a branch is dead or dying or if it just doesn’t look healthy, then you probably should take it off.
Make vertical cuts on the branch using a pruning saw. Be sure to remove at least a few inches below the node. This is where the leaves and fruit attach themselves to the branch.
On lower, older branches, make a horizontal cut across the branch. Make another vertical cut on each side of the branch so it can easily break off. Be careful not to damage any of the surrounding branches.
Continue with this process until you have removed all the branches you do not want.
How To Prune A Shrub Lemon Tree: Which Branches Do I Cut Off?
When it comes to pruning a shrub lemon tree, you basically follow the same steps as you would for a regular tree. Keep in mind that these trees are often wider than they are tall. It is important to prune your tree so that it has a nice, round shape. This will allow enough sunlight to reach all the leaves. If you have an overgrown shrub lemon tree, then you probably need to start by trimming the top down.
After you do this, remove any weak or diseased branches. Look at the placement of the remaining branches and cut off any that are overlapping. Then, look for any vertical stems (these are the main stems that grow straight up and down) and make a clean cut just above a lateral branch. When you are finished, your shrub lemon tree should have a round shape with no vertical or horizontal stems.
How To Prune A Fruit Tree: When Should I Prune My Tree?
Most fruit trees require two different types of pruning. The first type is done in the winter or very early spring. At this time, you trim back the tree to keep it the size that you want. The second type of pruning is done in the summer or early fall. At this time, you need to apply selective pruning to your fruit tree to promote the growth of fruit and beneficial insects.
For fruit trees that produce a lot of fruit, it’s important that you thin out the fruit on the tree when it’s still young. This will allow enough light and nutrients to reach all the fruits. It will also prevent the tree from being overburdened by fruits, which can make it more susceptible to disease and damage.
How To Prune A Bush Fruit Tree: Which Branches Do I Cut Off?
Bush fruit trees require pruning at least once a year. This type of tree tends to produce all its fruit along one or two main stems. The first step to pruning a bush fruit tree is to remove these stems. After you do this, look at the tree and choose which stems you want to turn into main branches. Cut off any other stems near the main ones. These smaller branches will turn into the arms of your tree, so choose which ones you want to be longer than the others.
As the bush fruit tree grows, it’s important to keep it trimmed and shaped. This gives the sunlight access to all parts of the tree and prevents any limbs from touching each other. This can prevent various problems, such as disease.
Common Pruning Tools
There are several different tools that you can use to prune your fruit tree. Each one has its benefits and drawbacks. The most important thing is to find the tool that works best for you. Experiment with different types until you find one that feels comfortable in your hands and allows you to work safely and effectively.
Hand Pruners: Hand pruners are great for small jobs, but they can’t handle large branches. Anvil pruners have a flat blade that presses down on the stem. They work well for branches up to a half inch in diameter. Bypass pruners have a blade that slices through the branch. They are best for branches up to an inch thick.
Anvil and bypass pruners are both great for basic pruning jobs, but if you have a lot of larger branches to cut, then bypass pruners can handle this better.
Ladders: As you may have guessed, ladders are for reaching high branches. They can be as simple as a hunk of wood nailed to two poles or as complex as a motorized lift that rises up 30 feet. Whatever you choose, just make sure it’s safe and will hold your weight. Ladders should always have both poles permanently fastened to the ground on either side of your tree. This prevents them from slipping away from the tree and potentially falling on someone (or something).
Pole Pruners: These work by crushing the stem. They typically have a flat blade that crushes the branch as you twist it. They can handle branches up to an inch in diameter. Some models have a blade on one side and a chisel on the other, which gives you more options when trimming.
Tree Loppers: These are like giant pruning shears. They give you more leverage than hand pruners and can easily cut through branches up to two inches thick.
Pruning Saws: Pruning saws look like big versions of the pruning shears that you might have in your yard.
Sources & references used in this article:
Citrus tree pruning principles and practices by DPH Tucker, TA Wheaton, RP Muraro – 1994 – harris.agrilife.org
Water relations, growth and yield of Fino lemon trees under regulated deficit irrigation by R Domingo, MC Ruiz-Sánchez, MJ Sánchez-Blanco… – Irrigation Science, 1996 – Springer
Factors Affecting the Development of Wood Rot on Lemon Trees Infected with Antrodia sinuosa, Coniophora eremophila, and a Nodulisporium sp. by ME Matheron, M Porchas, DM Bigelow – Plant disease, 2006 – Am Phytopath Society
Pruning citrus trees by CD McCarty – 1974 – books.google.com
Pruning Citrus Trees by YT PRUNING – pdfs.semanticscholar.org