Marigolds and Calendulas: Difference Between Marigolds And Calendulas
Marigolds are flowering plants native to tropical regions of Asia, Africa, Australia and South America. They grow in moist soil with long stems. Their leaves are opposite with three leaflets each. They have thorns which they use to defend themselves from predators like birds or insects.
Marigolds are used in making tea, incense, perfumes and other products. They make their own oil and essential oils for various purposes such as treating skin problems, relieving menstrual cramps etc.
Calendulas are a plant native to temperate zones of North America, Europe and Asia. They grow in dry places with short stems with only one leaflet per stem. They produce flowers in spring and fall. Calendulas are used for flavoring foods, cosmetics, medicines and many other purposes.
Calendula’s leaves are used as an insect repellent.
French marigolds are the same as common marigold, except they are double flowered. In fact, they were bred in 17th century to have more flowers.
Tagetes is a type of marigold with yellow petals and it is not the same plant as calendula. It has a strong scent which most people find unpleasant. It can also be slightly toxic when ingested.
Difference Between Marigold and French Marigold
Marigolds and French marigolds are two different types of the same plant. In fact, they look exactly the same. The only difference is that French marigolds have double flowers.
Marigolds contain yellow pigment called lutein, which helps with eye problems such as macular degeneration and cataracts. They are also used as a natural sunscreen.
“Calendula” is the Latin word for marigold.
Marigolds are originally native to Mexico and Central America.
There are about eight different types of marigolds. The most commonly found ones are Tagetes Minuta, Tagetes erecta and Tagetes Patula.
Even Cleopatra used marigolds to decorate her palace and to make perfume.
More than 100 different compounds have been found in marigolds. They include flavonoids, carotenoids, alkaloids and many more.
During the Middle Ages, marigolds were considered good luck and they were grown around homes as a protection against ghosts.
The Aztecs used marigolds for medicinal purposes. They used to put their leaves into baths for restful sleep and added them in healing poultices.
Calendula is the Latin word for marigold.
In India, the marigold is called the “Flame of the Lord” and is sacred to Hindus. It stands for heat, light and energy, all things that are represented by the sun.
Marigolds are used in many cultures to represent the sun.
Sources & references used in this article:
Marigold Flowers (Tagetes): Types, How To Grow and Care by E Tovar – florgeous.com
Studies on marigold seed oil and seed meal by M Saleem, S Zaka, N Shakir… – Fette, Seifen …, 1986 – Wiley Online Library
Common Name: Pot Marigold| Scientific Name: Calendula Officinalis by BTP Files – doctorschar.com
Therapeutic potential of Calendula officinalis by I a Word
Wound bed preparation and complementary and alternative medicine by KA AshwlayanVD, M Verma – Pharm Pharmacol Int J, 2018 – researchgate.net
Effects of iron ore tailings on growth and physiological activities of Tagetes patula L. by K Laforet, GM Woodbury… – Advances in skin & wound …, 2011 – journals.lww.com