What Is A Paloma?
A palm tree or palma is a member of the family Rosaceae which includes such species as the almond, banana, pear, plum and peach trees. Palm trees are native to tropical Africa and Asia but have been introduced into many other areas where they thrive. They are found in dry places like deserts, mountainsides and rocky slopes. The name “palm” comes from the fact that their leaves resemble palms.
Palms are usually grown for their fruit, which is a sweet pulp made up of seeds called nectarines. However, the fruits themselves do not produce any oil; rather it’s the seed pods that contain all the nutrition. The seed pods are used in traditional medicine to treat skin diseases and other ailments.
The term “palm” refers to both the palm tree and the fruit. The word “palm” is derived from Latin pampinus, meaning “pear-shaped.” Pampinus means “pear-like,” so when referring to a palm tree, one would say it was peachy.
The word “palm” is also sometimes used to refer to a type of tree that grows along beaches or sand dunes. This type of tree is known as a “seaside pine.”
The leaves of a palma tree are called fronds. They have a hard spine in their midsection that helps protect the plant from predators, such as wild boars. A palma tree can grow to a height of 100 feet, but most are much shorter.
Palma trees can be found in many different colors! These include green, burgundy, blue and purple. While palma trees typically have a drooping look, some types do not.
One type of palma tree is known as the Arizona cypress or the Mexican cypress. It’s a short, green tree that has a cone-like shape. These trees can be seen in deserts and other dry places.
Some palma trees are used for building houses and furniture. Palms are also used as centerpieces at weddings and funerals.
Other types of palms besides the palma or cypress are the coconut palm and the date palm. There are more than 3,000 different kinds of palms in the world! Some types of palms can grow in freezing temperatures, while others need it to be above 80 degrees Fahrenheit.
Palms do not have deep roots; most are shallow and spread out near the surface.
There are two types of palms that people use to make wine: the coconut palm and a date palm. The sap from the coconut palm is usually fermented to make alcoholic beverages like palm wine or arrack. A distilled version, called “toddy,” is made by fermenting the sap with yeast.
The sap from the date palm is also sometimes used to produce an alcoholic beverage called “tuak.”
Other uses for palms include weaving baskets and eating the seeds. The seeds can also be used as a substitute for coffee beans. The roots of some types of palms are eaten by animals in the wild.
For humans, palm sap is too bitter to consume, but it can be used to make wine and has a lot of sugar in it.
Some people use the shells of certain types of palms to make a musical instrument. These shells are called “coconuts” and have liquid centers, which people drink. They’re very nutritious and are used to make many different types of foods.
Palms are a very important part of life in many parts of the world!
The most common type of palm tree is the coconut tree, which grows in tropical climates all over the world. All parts of the coconut palm are used to make useful products, including food, oil, thatching for roofs and more.
Coconuts are the fruit of the palm tree. They grow directly underneath the trunk and can be up to a meter across! They grow in clusters of 2-20 on short stems.
The outer husk is green when the coconut is young, but changes to a dark brown as it ripens. The outer husk is very hard, but it has 3 “eyes” or growth points where you can crack it open.
The coconut has a thick, inner husk that protects the white, jelly-like meat inside. You drink the coconut water from inside the fruit and eat the jelly-like meat. The hard shell can be carved into various useful objects.
To extract the oil, you boil the shells to evaporate the water and then press the residue to extract the oil.
Coconut milk is made by boiling shredded coconut in water. The clear liquid that floats to the top is poured off and strained to make milk. The residue is used to cook curries and sauces.
Coconut oil can be extracted from the residue by boiling and pressing. It has many uses including cooking, cosmetics and medicine.
The husk of a coconut is made up of thousands of thin fibres, which can be woven into mats and thatch for huts.
Coconuts are useful plants. People can eat the jelly-like meat inside the fruit, drink the water, make oil and milk from the flesh and weave the husk into useful objects.
The trunk is up to 25cm thick at the base and can be hollowed out to make boats, pipes or furniture. The outer bark of the tree is often made into rope or woven into mats.
Palm nut kernels are used in African cooking and in Brazil to make “coco-bread” which is a basic food for people there. The leaves are used to make thatch for roofing huts and can be woven into baskets. The fibres in the centre of the leaf stalk can be separated into very fine threads to weave into cloth.
The African oil palm is one of the most useful plants on earth. The beans inside the fruit are used to make cooking oil. Oil from the nuts is also used for cooking, for lamps and to make margarine.
The seeds are very nutritious and one tree produces more than 500kg of seeds a year.
A spiky palm that grows in the dry savannah regions of East and Southern Africa. The thick trunk has a bulge near the base and can reach up to 4 metres tall with fronds up to 10m long. The thick trunk has a mixture of a soft, spongy interior and hard outer skin making it fairly easy to hollow out.
Many species of palm are found in the tropical and subtropical regions of the world. They can be divided into 3 groups, those whose stems are covered with hard, armour-like plates, those whose stems are covered in small, sharp spines and those whose stems are not spiny and feel smooth to the touch.
Commonly called the cabbage tree, this plant has a stout trunk with dark green, stiff, straplike leaves growing from it. The trunk can grow up to 4 metres tall and the leaves can be up to 3 metres long. The base of the leaves join together at the stem and cover the trunk making it difficult to see the trunk at all.
It grows in damp, marshy areas with water nearby in the sub-tropical and tropical regions of Australia. The cabbage palm is commonly found in Queensland, New South Wales, ACT, Victoria, Tasmania and South Australia.
It’s one of the most common palms in Australia and is used for making furniture, flooring, roofing and pottery. The crushed leaves have been used as an insect repellent and the nuts contain an edible oil.
The cabbage palm is also called the swamp palm because it grows in damp, marshy areas with water nearby.
The cabbage tree has a stout trunk covered with straplike green leaves that hang from it like a skirt.
A plant with a thick, knobbly trunk and yellow ball-shaped flowers that grows in hot, dry places like the Australian desert. The trunk looks like a thick broomstick with hundreds of thin branches coming off it.
The desert rose is a spiny plant. It has sharp thorns that cover the entire plant and fold out when it feels threatened. They can grow anywhere from 2 to 4 metres tall.
The desert rose is also known as the cactus rose, hillrose, prickly pear and nopal.
A spiky plant that grows in hot, dry places like the Australian desert. The main body is made up of dozens of thin green stems coming off a thicker one and covered with hundreds of sharp spines.
The prickly-pear grows in the dry parts of Central Australia, Northern Australia and South Australia.
A small, green succulent plant that grows in rocky places, especially in dry, hot areas like the Australian desert. It has lots of small, waxy leaves growing close to the ground to trap as much moisture as possible. It only grows to about 10 cm tall and has tiny yellow flowers.
The pebble plant is also known as the pebble weed.
A small, yellow and purple flowering plant that grows in swamps and wet places like rivers and on the banks of waterways across Australia. The odd-looking yellow and purple blooms grow on a thin, spindly stalks that can reach up to 1 metre tall.
The marsh trumpet is also known as the swampsweet.
A creeping vine that can quickly cover areas with its large, thin, glossy leaves. The vine has tiny, green flowers that grow in clusters and the whole plant has a very strong, minty smell.
The pepperridge is common in Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria, ACT, Tasmania and South Australia.
The peppridge is also known as the mint vine and the stream pepper.
This tiny shrub grows in dry places like deserts and sandy hillsides.
Sources & references used in this article:
Responses of native legume desert trees used for reforestation in the Sonoran Desert to plant growth-promoting microorganisms in screen house by Y Bashan, B Salazar, ME Puente – Biology and fertility of soils, 2009 – Springer
Restoration of eroded soil in the Sonoran Desert with native leguminous trees using plant growth-promoting microorganisms and limited amounts of compost and … by Y Bashan, BG Salazar, M Moreno, BR Lopez… – Journal of environmental …, 2012 – Elsevier
Enhanced establishment and growth of giant cardon cactus in an eroded field in the Sonoran Desert using native legume trees as nurse plants aided by plant growth … by Y Bashan, B Salazar, ME Puente, M Bacilio… – Biology and Fertility of …, 2009 – Springer
Below ground pot-in-pot effects on growth of two southwest landscape trees was related to root membrane thermostability by CA Martin, LB McDowell… – Journal of …, 1999 – meridian.allenpress.com