Quince trees are not only for decoration but they have great nutritional value. They provide food for birds, bats, butterflies and other insects. They are also used as medicinal plants because of their high vitamin C content. The fruit contains many vitamins and minerals such as Vitamin A, B1, B2, B6, Folate and potassium. Their leaves contain flavonoids which may protect against cancer and heart disease.
The main uses of quince fruit include:
• Food for birds, bats, butterflies and other insects. They are also used as medicine.
• Antioxidant properties that protect against free radical damage in the body. These antioxidants prevent cell death caused by free radicals. This protects cells from aging and degeneration due to oxidative stress.
Free radicals cause cellular damage that leads to diseases like cancer, heart disease, diabetes and arthritis.
• Vitamins and minerals. The fruits contain vitamin C, vitamin E, folate, potassium and magnesium.
• Anti-inflammatory properties that reduce inflammation in the body. Inflammatory substances play a role in chronic inflammatory conditions like rheumatoid arthritis, asthma and ulcerative colitis. Quince fruit extracts are also used to treat skin disorders including psoriasis and eczema.
There are more than 30 varieties of quince
The most common are the Flowering Quince and the Common Quince.
Other popular varieties are the Apple Quince, Natal Quince, Edulis Quince, Cantelope Quince, White Flowering Quince and Japanese Quince.
As seen above, quince flowers are beautiful when they bloom in the spring. Quince fruit trees grow well in USDA Hardiness Zones 4-9. In these zones, you can plant a quince tree in your backyard to enjoy its beauty and eat the delicious fruit that it produces.
Quince trees bloom from April to May and have white or pink flowers that are very fragrant. The fruit ripens in the fall and comes in many varieties. Quince is used to make jams, jellies, pies, wines, liquors and medicines. You can also plant this tree if you want to attract bees and butterflies to your garden.
Here is a list of a few popular varieties of quince trees that we sell:
Common Quince Tree (Pyrus Cydrica). This variety grows to be between 8-12 feet tall and has white flowers.
Flower of the Quince Tree (Pyrus Cydrica Atrosanguinea). This tree grows to be 8-10 feet and has bright red flowers.
Natal Quince Tree (Pyrus Laburnifera). This variety grows to be 10-12 feet.
Cantelope Quince Tree (Pyrus Melo var.indica). This grows to be 9-12 feet.
Edulis Quince Tree (Pyrus Edulis). This tree grows to be 8-10 feet and has large, edible fruits.
White Flowering Quince (Pyrus Chaenomeloides). The flowers are pure white on this tree.
Flowering Apple Quince (Pyrus Malus). The flowers of this tree are white and pink and resemble those of an apple blossom.
I hope you enjoy these trees as much as I do. Happy planting!
Sources & references used in this article:
Cydonia oblonga: The unappreciated quince by J Postman – Arnoldia, 2009 – Citeseer
Varieties classification of the Chinese quince fruit and the strategy for management [J] by Q ZHANG, G WANG, Z HE, P QIN – Journal of Plant Genetic …, 2005 – en.cnki.com.cn
Resistance to fire blight among flowering pears and quince by AC Bell, TG Ranney, TA Eaker, TB Sutton – HortScience, 2005 – journals.ashs.org
Characterization of Quince (Cydonia) Cultivars Using Polyacrylamide Gel Electrophoresis by EE Sanchez, RA Menendez… – Journal of …, 1988 – meridian.allenpress.com
Production and quality attributes of quince tree cultivars in the eastern of the State of São Paulo. by JE Bettiol Neto, R Pio, J Sanches… – Revista Brasileira de …, 2011 – cabdirect.org
Emerging fruit crops by KE Hummer, KW Pomper, J Postman, CJ Graham… – Fruit breeding, 2012 – Springer
Field susceptibility of scab-resistant apple cultivars and selections to cedar apple rust, quince rust and hawthorn rust. by J Warner – Fruit Varieties Journal, 1990 – cabdirect.org