Sod Webworm Life Cycle
The following are some facts about the life cycle of the sod webworm:
1) The female worm lays eggs inside the soil where they hatch into larvae within 3-4 days.
They live for 2 weeks and then pupate (become immobile). After 2 weeks, they emerge from their cocoon stage and begin feeding again.
2) The adult worms feed on decaying organic matter around your home.
3) The adult worms have 6 legs and can move through soil up to 1 foot deep.
They may enter your house if you leave food scraps outside or open doors and windows too often.
What Causes Sod Webworms?
There are many reasons why sod webworms develop. Some of them include:
• Low fertility – If there is not enough organic material in the soil, it will not support healthy plants. You need to provide adequate nutrients to your plants so they grow well. There are several types of fertilizers available for use on lawns such as liquid fertilizer, granular fertilizer, and tablets. These all work together to make sure that your grass grows strong and healthy.
• Water Damage – One of the most common causes of sod webworm damage is too much or too little moisture in the soil. If the soil gets too dry, the grass will begin to die and become weak. If it remains in this condition for too long, it will turn brown and develop dead patches. On the other hand, if the soil becomes too wet, it causes root rot and the grass will wilt.
What Are The Symptoms Of Sod Webworms?
Once sod webworms invade your lawn, it can quickly become unsightly. The most obvious sign of an infestation is the presence of webs in your grass. You may also see the worms themselves moving around the patches of dead grass. In some cases, entire patches of the lawn turn brown or disappear altogether. This is because the sod webworms have completely eaten away the roots so that the grass dies and cannot grow back.
How To Get Rid Of Sod Webworms
Sometimes, sod webworms can be easy to control. If they have not caused too much damage to your lawn, you may be able to fix the problem yourself. If you observe signs of an infestation early, you can sometimes get rid of the problem with a few simple methods:
1) Hand Picking – The most basic way to remove the worms is to pick them off by hand.
You can use a bottle or glass to kill them and drop them in it.
2) Sprays – You can buy sprays from your local plant nursery to use on your lawn.
These are made of natural ingredients such as essential oils and extracts that kill sod webworms on contact. Make sure you always read the label first before using any chemical sprays on your grass.
3) Biological Control – Some types of insects love eating sod webworms in the wild.
You can introduce these types of insects into your yard by placing special containers filled with these insects near the affected areas.
4) Fertilizers – If you strengthen the grass, it will be able to fight back against the sod webworms much easier.
You can do this by using special fertilizers on your lawn. (Make sure you follow the directions on the package and only use as directed).
5) Water – One of the most common reasons that grass dies is due to lack of water.
You need to keep the soil hydrated or the grass will begin to turn yellow and die off. Check your lawn every 2 or 3 days to make sure it has enough moisture.
Other Common Problems
While you are checking your lawn, you may notice some other problems. Lawns in poorer condition are more susceptible to various pests and diseases. If you catch these problems early, you can fix them yourself.
1) Overcrowding – This is when you allow the grass to grow too tall before cutting it.
Tall grass shades the soil underneath, which prevents grass seed from germinating and growing properly. If you notice that your lawn is turning yellow or brown in patches, even though you have been watering it regularly, it may be time to give your lawn a trim. You should also keep the grass short if you are experiencing an insect or weed problem
2) Weeds – If you have a healthy patch of grass, but notice a few weeds here and there, you can get rid of them yourself.
Weeds take away nutrients that the grass needs to survive, so if you get rid of them, the grass should be able to thrive. There are many different types of weeds, so you will need to find the right treatment for each one. For example, there are some weeds that cannot be killed with Round-Up, so you will need to find a different herbicide that can kill those specific weeds.
3) Insects – Bugs are a part of nature and you can’t get rid of all of them.
However, if you notice patches of dead grass in your lawn, you may have an insect problem. There are many different insects that can eat away at your lawn, so you will need to find the right insecticide to kill the specific type of bug. For example, there are certain types of grubs that only eat away at grass, so if you have these types of insects in your lawn, then you need to get the right insecticide that will kill them on contact
4) Diseases – Just like humans, grass can get sick too.
The best way to treat sickness is to prevent it from happening in the first place. Keeping your grass healthy and stress free is the best way to keep it happy and healthy. However, there are times when your grass may become diseased due to various factors. If you notice patches of dead grass in your lawn, then you may have a disease problem that is affecting it. The best way to treat this is to get a fungicide to treat it.
5) Light Grey Patches – If you notice small light grey patches in your lawn, then you probably have a grub problem.
These patches will be light grey in color and the grass in the patch will not be rooted into the soil. You may also notice small black slugs crawling under the thinned out grass. The only way to kill these grubs is by getting a special insecticide designed to kill them on contact.
6) Seed Problems – If you notice bare spots or random patches of thinned out grass, then it means your grass seed didn’t take and the grass simply didn’t grow.
This can be for a variety of reasons including poor quality grass seed, bad weather conditions or soil conditions. If you used cheap grass seed or the wrong type of grass seed for your lawn, then you will need to re-seed the lawn using the right type of seed. If the weather conditions were bad during the time you seeded your lawn, then you will simply have to wait until the conditions are better before seeding it again. If the soil conditions are not good, then you will need to get a bag of topsoil and spread it over the area.
How to Maintain Your Lawn and Get the Best Look Possible
The best way to get your lawn to look great all year round is by taking care of it on a regular basis. The easiest way to do this is to set aside an hour or two each week to maintain it. A good time to do this is on the weekend. You don’t have to do it every week, but setting aside even an hour each weekend will suffice.
Maintaining your lawn is super easy and can even be a fun family activity. Here is a list of tasks that you can do to maintain your lawn:
1) Remove Leaves – The first thing that you should do is remove any fallen leaves from the lawn.
Leaves are not good for your grass as they prevent sunlight from reaching the grass. Removing leaves also promotes healthy grass growth due to increased sunlight. Rake up the leaves from your lawn and dispose of them. If you have a lot of leaves, you can compost them instead of throwing them away.
2) Remove Debris – The next thing that you should do is remove any debris from the lawn.
Things like toys, broken glass and other forms of debris should be removed from the lawn to prevent them from damaging the grass. Things like rocks and stones can actually benefit your lawn, so do not remove those.
3) Check for Pests and Disease – After you have removed the leaves and debris, you should check your lawn for pests and disease.
Just stop and look around your lawn.
Do you see any signs of insects, grubs or other pests? Are there any discolored areas of grass that indicate a disease?
If you do notice problems, take steps to remove or control the pests and diseases.
4) Fertilize – Once you have addressed any issues with pests and diseases in your lawn, it is time to fertilize it.
This promotes healthy growth in your lawn and can prevent some problems with pests and diseases in the future. Spread the fertilizer over your lawn following the instructions on the package.
5) Water – After you have addressed the issues in your lawn as well as fertilized it, you should water it so that the grass can absorb all of the nutrients in the fertilizer.
Just turn on your sprinklers and leave them running for about an hour. Make sure that the entire lawn is getting watered.
6) Mow – Now it is time to mow the lawn.
Mowing the lawn can actually improve its appearance as long as you do it correctly. You should never cut more than one inch off of the grass at any given time. Also, make sure that you sharpen the blades on your lawnmower before mowing as a dull blade will rip up the grass causing it to brown out and die.
7) Enjoy – The final step is to just sit back and enjoy your beautiful lawn!
Following these seven steps on a weekly basis will help you to maintain the health of your lawn. You should also try to limit the number of times that you water the lawn. Watering it once every week or two is usually enough. Overwatering can be just as bad for the grass as drought conditions.
Planting a Lawn
Now that you have learned how to maintain a lawn, let’s talk about the fun part: planting one! If you already have a lawn, you may want to skip this section as planting a new lawn basically involves destroying whatever lawn you currently have. Yay!
When planting a lawn, you have a few options to choose from:
1) Sods – Sods are large rectangular blocks of grass that are harvested from fields.
These are often the easiest type of lawn to plant as all you really have to do is spread the sod over your yard and stomp it down. The biggest advantage to a sod lawn is that it can be installed in practically any shape or size. The biggest disadvantage is that they are also the most expensive.
2) Seed – If you don’t want to spend the money on sods, you can always plant grass seed.
While this is much cheaper than sods, it also takes more time as you will need to constantly water and monitor it until it is firmly rooted in your yard. You also won’t be able to shape the lawn as you like until it is completely rooted. The advantage of grass seed is that it is much cheaper than sods.
3) Turf – There are several companies that will actually come to your house and lay artificial turf.
The advantages to this is that you don’t have to do any work at all other than making the initial decision to have the turf installed. The biggest disadvantage is that it is the most expensive option and not exactly environmentally friendly.
Once you have decided on which type of lawn you want to plant, the process is relatively easy as long as you have the proper amount of time to let it all grow in.
Make sure that you have cleared the area of any stones, sticks, or anything else that wouldn’t naturally be in a lawn. If your soil is mostly sand, it might be a good idea to have some topsoil added to it before planting. Dig up your entire lawn area about 12 inches deep and mix in the topsoil until you have created a good soil base for the roots to grow. Water this soil until it is consistently moist but not soupy wet.
Once your soil is ready, start laying out your sods, seed or turf. It is best to make sure that your starter squares are close enough together that you will be able to walk on the grass once it has rooted. Square shaped lawns are very popular and look nice, but you can also lay out the sod in a circular pattern or even intricate shapes if you desire a more natural looking lawn.
Once you have the layout of your grass decided, you need to start staking out and stabbing the sod, seed or turf into the ground. Make sure that everything is firmly in the soil and there are no air bubbles.
Water your lawn about once every hour for the first two days and then about once every two days after that. Continue doing this for about one to two weeks. Once your lawn is firmly rooted, you can let the watering taper off. If you decided to plant seed, you should still keep the soil moist until the grass is fairly rooted.
Once your lawn is at least three inches high, you can start using it as a normal surface. In about two more months, your lawn should be fully rooted and at that point you can remove all of your stakes and markers.
If this is your first time growing a lawn, you may want to consider using fertilizer to give your lawn a boost. You can buy special types of fertilizer at most home improvement stores. Follow the instructions on the package for best results.
You should keep your new lawn watered consistently for the first month as well to help it become stronger and healthier.
Congratulations! Your lawn should now be a lush, beautiful yard full of grass! Watch out, because it will probably become the favorite spot for all your toys, frisbee, and soccer.
The Perfect Lawn by David Williams
Contrary to popular belief, a perfect lawn does not require hours of back breaking labor. Instead of wasting your daylight hours digging up grass and replacing it with something else, simply take the time to prepare your soil correctly and your lawn will take care of itself.
The first step in preparing your yard for a great looking lawn is to aerate it. This will allow nutrients and water to reach the roots of your existing lawn. Aerating is as simple as renting or buying an aerator from your local garden center or home improvement store. The tool corkscrews into the soil, pulling out plugs of dirt. It’s best to aerate in early spring, when the soil is starting to warm up but isn’t quite ready to bake.
After you’ve aerated your lawn, it’s time to amend the soil. Dig away the top layer of grass and throw it to the side. In its place, spread a good three to four inches of compost. If you don’t have any compost on hand, buy some from your local home improvement store or garden center. If you don’t have either option, buy some bagged soil.
Spread the new soil over your lawn, making sure it’s evenly distributed.
After applying the new layer, spread some grass seed on top. Follow the directions on the package for how much seed to use and how far apart the seed should be.
After spreading the grass seed, it’s time to cover it with some more soil. Lightly rake the soil so that it’s pressed down firmly against the seed.
Keep your new lawn watered consistently. A once a day routine should be sufficient. Avoid using a sprinkler as it may cause the seeds to wash away.
Once the grass is sprouted, keep it well watered but don’t over water it. Your lawn should be able to withstand most droughts with out harm. If there’s a serious drought, your new lawn may suffer some stress but it won’t die.
That’s all there is to it!
Keeping a Green Lawn by David Williams
Some people enjoy sitting on their backyard deck and looking at their green grass while sipping lemonade. If you’re one of those people, read on to learn how to keep a green lawn through proper lawn care.
To start off, you’ll need the following: Rake, Shovel, Watering Can, Lawn Fertilizer, Weed Killer, Circular Saw, and Stakes and Twine.
The first step is to aerate your lawn. This is done by using the rake to remove grass from an area about three feet across and two feet wide. Next, use the shovel to turn over the first few inches of soil. This loosens up the dirt so that it can be easily watered. It also brings nutrients to the topsoil where your plants can get at them.
Next, dissolve some fertilizer in a watering can and water your yard. Make sure that every part of your yard gets some water.
Now it’s time to pull all the dandelions, crab grass, and other weeds growing in your yard. Use the weed killer to get rid of broadleaf plants like dandelions and crab grass. The circular saw can be used to chop down the stalks of bamboo that may be growing in your yard. Bamboo doesn’t die if you kill a part of it; it just grows back stronger so it has to be removed completely.
After all the weeding is done, make sure that every inch of your yard has been watered. The next day, check for any areas that need water and water them.
Your grass should be growing in well by now. It’s time to give it that final trim before the big event: the big game! Use the lawn mower to give it that nice, even look. Once you’re done, use the lawn fertilizer to mark off a specific area for your party. A good rule of thumb is to make the area for your party about three times as wide as the TV that you’re going to use and four times as long.
The extra room will be useful when people are moving around and socializing as opposed to just watching the game.
That’s it! You’ve got yourself a nice green lawn perfect for a party. All you have to do now is wait for game day to arrive.
Making Sure Your Dog Has a Good Vet by Jon Holz
A lot of people think that they have to go to a fancy vet in order to make sure their dog is healthy. While this may be true sometimes, there are other times when you can treat your dog’s ailments without going to the vet. Here are some examples.
Diarrhea and Vomiting
If your dog has diarrhea or is vomiting, it can be a very scary situation. The dog might continue to have these problems until you take them to the veterinarian or you can try and stop the problem yourself at home.
First, make sure that your dog isn’t getting into anything that might be poisonous (like antifreeze) and that they still have access to water. If the diarrhea persists for more than a day, you can try feeding your dog a mixture of cooked white rice and boiled chicken (don’t give them the bones though).
Sources & references used in this article:
Sod webworms by EW Hodgson, AH Roe – 2007 – digitalcommons.usu.edu
Sod webworm as occasional pests of field corn. by S Gesell, D Calvin – Sod webworm as occasional pests of field corn., 2000 – cabdirect.org
Insect degree-day models for turf: an important integrated pest management tool by W Gelernter – Pace Insights, Pace Consulting, 1995 – paceturf.org