Soursop Tree Care: Growing And Harvesting Soursop Fruit
The soursop tree is one of the most popular trees in the world. They are native to tropical regions of Asia and Africa. There are two species of soursops, which differ mainly in their shape and size. One species grows up to 10 meters tall while another species reaches only 1 meter (3 feet) high. Both species have very similar characteristics, but they grow at different rates.
Growing soursop tree requires careful care because it needs to be protected from cold weather and insects. A healthy plant will produce fruit every year. To ensure good quality of fruit, the tree must not be overgrown or allowed to become too dry. If these conditions occur, the fruit may turn brown and fall off before reaching maturity.
A few things to keep in mind when growing soursop tree:
When you want to cut down your soursop tree, do so during the winter season. During this time, the roots will be dormant and unable to support the weight of the tree. You will need to wait until spring before cutting down your tree again. When harvesting your fruit, always use a sharp knife with a thin blade. It is easier to cut through the skin and flesh of the fruit if it is fresh, but it isn’t necessary.
The soursop tree grows anywhere from 3 to 10 meters high. At first glance, it may look similar to the cherimoya since both of these trees have a similar appearance. The main difference between both fruits is that the soursop has a thicker skin and pale yellow flesh. It also has a single large seed at the center, while the cherimoya has several small ones.
Soursop is rich in nutrients and vitamins, such as magnesium and vitamin C. The flesh is very watery and can be prepared in several ways. Try to pick only fully ripe fruits since unripe soursops may taste bitter or bland. Unripe soursop may also cause nausea, vomiting, stomachache, diarrhea and other serious effects.
When you grow soursop tree, the best time is during spring. However, these trees can also be planted during fall, as long as you prepare the soil before planting. Most of the time, you will receive your tree in a container. To plant it, place four stakes on the corners of the container and slide it down carefully. Be careful not to damage the root system when you do this.
Make sure that the top of the root ball is slightly higher than ground level.
Soursop requires a lot of sunlight to grow, so make sure to place it somewhere with plenty of sunlight. The tree will also need manure and fertilizer to ensure good growth. Apply the fertilizer at regular intervals, but make sure not to overdo it as too much fertilizer can damage your plant.
Planting your soursop tree is only the beginning. You will need to continue taking good care of it if you want it to grow into a strong and healthy tree. You should also prune it once a year to prevent the growth of side shoots, which will weaken the strength of the tree. When you grow soursop tree, you will need to continue doing so for several years before you can start harvesting fruit.
When your soursop tree is older and bigger, it might become necessary to relocate it. The best time to do this is during winter, when the tree is dormant. You will need to dig it up carefully, making sure not to damage the roots. After this, place the tree in a closed vehicle and take it to its new location.
Some growers prefer to plant soursop trees directly into the ground, but trees that are planted in containers tend to grow faster.
Caring for soursop tree:
The natural habitat of the soursop is coastal areas of northeastern South America, northern South America and Central America. The tree grows best in wet and moist soil and, in fact, will not grow well in any other type of soil. It requires lots of water to grow and good sunlight but can withstand harsh frosts.
Soursop trees can grow from around 10 to 25 feet tall and 15 to 30 feet wide. They mainly produce flowers between spring and summer. The flowers have a faint but pleasant smell. The tree produces fruits all year around but the peak seasons are during spring and autumn. The fruit can be either yellow or green in color and around 3 to 10 inches in diameter.
It has a smooth skin, which is green when unripe and turns yellow when ripe. The flesh inside is white, soft and jelly-like and contains black shiny seeds.
You can grow a soursop tree easily from its seeds. They are available from online garden supply stores. When you receive your seeds, plant them immediately. The best time to plant soursop is during autumn and winter. However, you can also plant them during spring as long as you prepare the soil beforehand.
Plant the seeds around 1 inch deep in a well-drained soil. Water them thoroughly after planting and cover the pot or ground with a mix of mulch and compost. Keep the soil moist but not soaked to encourage germination. The seeds will usually take around 4 weeks to germinate. When they reach a height of around 8 inches, transplant them to bigger pots or into the ground.
Caring for soursop trees is easy providing you place them in the right locations and provide them with adequate water and nutrients. During the spring and summer seasons, soursops require around 3 gallons of water per week. The soil must be kept moist at all times but not soaked as this will promote the growth of fungus.
Soursop trees prefer naturally well-lit areas with full sun. However, they can survive in less light but will not grow as big or produce as many fruits as they would in areas with more light. Soursop trees also need shelter from cold winter winds. They will usually thrive in subtropical or tropical areas.
Harvesting soursop fruits is quite easy. The fruits ripen gradually and can be harvested anytime after they turn yellow. The flesh of the ripe soursop is sweet and soft and is rich in nutrients. It is often made into desserts or other sweet tasting dishes. The seeds can also be consumed after roasting them slowly until they turn brown.
Soursop trees are great additions to any garden and can easily be grown even in containers. They require minimal care and lots of water and sunlight to thrive. Soursop leaves and bark are used to make medicines whilst the root can be made into perfumes. The fruits are eaten as snacks or ingredients in desserts. Soursop trees can be grown from soursop seeds easily bought online from stores selling garden supplies.
Pineapples used to be called the ‘golden apples of the gods’. The sweet tasting fruits have a hard outside and a juicy sweet inside. They were first brought to Europe from South America in the 16th century. Today, almost all the world’s pineapples are grown in Asia with much of the canned variety being exported from Thailand.
Pineapples grow on a perennial herb that belong to the Bromeliad family. They can reach a height of 4 feet with the leaves only growing at the base. At the center of the plant, there is a flower spike that can reach a height of 10 feet.
The fruits only grow in the regions close to the equator and need temperatures between 60-90 degrees Fahrenheit during the day and no less than 60 degrees at night. Each year the plant will produce a flower, starting from the bottom of the spike going up until it only produces male flowers at the top. After this process is finished, it will then produce fruit from the bottom going up until the spike produces no more. It takes around 6-8 months for a fruit to grow from flowering.
The outer skin is green and contains small hard white seeds surrounded by a juicy pulp that can be either pale yellow or orange in color. The skin is cut in a hexagonal shape and has a slight pine like smell.
The pineapple is grown worldwide in many tropical areas but the best quality ones come from Brazil, Ecuador, Costa Rica, Hawaii and Paraguay. It is very healthy and nutritious containing lots of vitamins and minerals.
When selecting a pineapple the leaves should be green and not show any signs of wilting. The skin should be free from bruises or discoloration. Buy just the amount you will consume in a couple of days. Some people can be sensitive to the acid in pineapples and experience stomach aches if too much is eaten at one time.
Pineapples are great to eat on their own but can also be used in recipes such as jam, cakes, pies, marinades and beverages.
Passion flowers are named after the strong passion fruit flavor and aroma that they give off when warmed. Passion flowers are one of the largest flowers in the world and can grow to a size of 12 inches in diameter! They are native to South America and have a yellow and purple coloring.
There are many different varieties of passion flower such as the Passiflora Incarnata which is know commonly as the purple passion flower and they all produce a large purple fruit with a very sweet flavor. Passion fruits can be eaten raw or made into wine.
The passion flower is easy to grow and can live in most warm, frost-free locations. It thrives in full sun but can also grow in partially shaded areas. The passion flower prefers soil that has good drainage and does not like humidity or excessive watering.
The flowers bloom in the spring and summer for about 2 months and produce a fruit after 6 months of blooming. This plant can reach a height of 10 feet and is a vine.
The passion flower can also be grown in large containers and does not need any support to climb. When growing it this way, make sure the container has a hole at the bottom for drainage.
Most varieties of passion flower grow very fast and begin blooming within 6 months of being planted. They can be grown from seed or from cuttings.
This plant attracts a large amount of butterflies and bees to the garden.
Celery is a biennial vegetable that belongs to the Apiaceae family and is grown for its edible seeds and its stalk. Celery has a strong flavor, which makes it popular as a seasoning agent. It also contains health benefiting antioxidants such as flavones and volatile oils.
Sources & references used in this article:
Soursop by K Love, RE Paull – 2011 – 18.104.22.168
Soursop (Annona muricata L.): composition, nutritional value, medicinal uses, and toxicology by N Badrie, AG Schauss – Bioactive foods in promoting health, 2010 – Elsevier
Effects of irradiance level on the growth and photosynthesis of cherimoya, sugar apple and soursop seedlings by N UTSUNOMIYA, H HIGUCHI – Environment Control in Biology, 1996 – jstage.jst.go.jp