Rose Chafer Facts: Treating Rose Chafers On Garden Roses
What Does A Rose Have To Do With A Rose?
A rose is a flower with petals. Petal means “to make one’s way” or “go through.” The word comes from Latin, which meant to go through the skin of a dead person. The Romans used it to symbolize death. So, when we say a rose, we are referring to the petals of the flower. When you see a rose, you think of those beautiful petals. That is why roses have been around since ancient times. They were made famous by Shakespeare in his play Romeo and Juliet (1611).
The word “rose” comes from the Greek words rous (“rich”) and phrys (“flower”). The word rose was first used in English in 1540. The name “rose” comes from the Persian language meaning “wealthy.” The word rose is derived from the Arabic root سروس, which means “to bloom,” and the French word rouge, which means red.
How Many Flowers Are There In A Rose?
There are approximately 100 different species of roses found throughout the world today. About 7,000 varieties exist. The most common types of roses are those grown for their beauty, fragrance, and therapeutic quality. Most have five petals with five sepals around a center of reproductive organs known as the “core.” There are usually numerous hairs growing on the petals and sepals.
Most roses have one to five petals with four or five sepals that surround a large group of reproductive organs known as a “core.” Most have numerous hairs growing on the petals and sepals.
Why Did Roses Become The Emblem Of England?
The rose has been the heraldic emblem of England since the accession of Edward IV in 1461. The heraldic rose was adopted in the first place as a badge by the English during the mid-12th century. The “plain” heraldic rose consists of five vertical petals, each separated by a sinus. The roses in the stationery and coinage of England differ only by having a smaller number of leaves.
In what is now known as the Rose Garden at the Tower of London, the earliest Tudor roses were cultivated. These royal flowers have been a symbol of pride in England since the reign of Henry VII (1485-1509). The first documented import of roses into England was in 1240.
The garden was re-populated with many more varieties under the orders of Mary I in 1555.
Where do roses come from?
The earliest known rose garden is thought to have been at the palace of Cyrus the Great at Pasargadae in Persia (c. 549-529 BCE). Roses were well known to ancient Egyptians and mentioned often in ancient Egyptian hieroglyphics. The ancient Greeks called the rose “the flower of the sun” and used it in their ancient Olympics. The ancient Romans loved and cultivated roses, growing them in large garden patches known as “roseraies.” The most famous rose of the Empire was the yellow and red Musk Rose, known as the “Rosa Damascena.”
The custom of adorning oneself with a flower dates from prehistoric times. Archaeologists have found Paleolithic sites in France and Germany with petal fragments (probably from Primroses) and pieces of plant stems (from Mint or other aromatic herbs) among the stone tools.
The tradition of presenting a girl upon her first budding as a woman (a “budding virgin” or “bachelor”) with a rose on the occasion of her First Flow is very ancient. The Romans adopted this tradition, calling it “serenating.”
Roses have been used to alleviate headaches caused by excessive weeping since the 11th century “because the flower seemed capable of attracting dew, the magical substance that formed in the eyes and fell into the lap of Mortality in the form of tears.” (Pliny the Elder).
Roses are a favorite subject for artistic endeavors, especially in poetry. William Shakespeare dedicated approximately twenty-eight sonnets to the rose.
How long does a rose last?
The Rose is a short-lived flower. A cut rose usually lasts between 7 and 10 days. Most roses sold in modern stores are harvested as buds, as this increases their shelf life. Upon delivery to the store, most roses are sprayed with a preservative and dyed.
How do you care for roses?
The first step in proper rose care is to make sure that the rose you have purchased is healthy, as sickly or dying roses are more at risk of disease and pests. The next step is to make sure that your rose has proper sunlight, water, and soil. Most roses are suitable for growing in most climates. However, some roses need a colder climate or warmer climate, or more or less water.
Healthy roses require only three things to thrive: fresh water, rich soil, and plenty of sunlight. Roses with colored petals (as opposed to the green sepals) require more water and sunlight than do white roses. Roses with darker petals (burgundy, maroon, red, dark pink, purple) require more sunlight than do lighter colored roses (pale pink, cream).
The next step in proper rose care is to prune your rose. Most people are apprehensive about pruning roses, but it is really quite easy and can even be pleasurable. Most roses require pruning in late winter or early spring before new growth begins.
You should prune at the joints, or nodes, as this is where a new shoot will grow from. Simply cut off the stem right above the joint on each branch.
What kinds of roses are there?
There are four main classes of roses:
Old Garden Roses are perhaps the most popular roses. They have large, distinct flowers, with a strong fragrance. Old garden roses include Albas, Centifolias, Chinaes, Damasks, Gallicas, Mosses, and Teas.
The language of flowers uses the rose to signify love.
Shrub Roses are a diverse class of roses that have been known to reach up to 8 feet tall. They are characterized by their hardiness, many varieties have been known to grow even in adverse conditions such as poor soil. An example of a shrub rose is the Scotch rose.
Wild Roses are perhaps one of the most challenging roses to grow, but offer perhaps the most rewarding results. They are characterized by tough thorns and an undergrowth-like habit. Wild roses include Canina, Eglantine, Gloster, Lundy, and Pembary.
The language of flowers uses the rose to signify secrecy.
Miniature Roses are smaller versions of Old Garden roses. They have all the characteristics of their larger cousins, but typically have a smaller more delicate appearance. Most Miniature Roses require less maintenance than their larger counterparts.
What kind of rose is easiest to take care of?
There really isn’t a rose that is inherently “easy” to take care of. Roses require the same things: water, sunlight, and soil. Some kinds may require more or less water, sunlight, or soil, but this can vary from variety to variety and even from plant to plant. While some roses are hardy enough to grow outdoors, most people grow them in a pot, or as they become more skilled, in a garden.
What does it mean if a rose has thorns?
It depends on the sort of rose. If it’s an Old Garden Rose, it means that it is an Hybrid Tea rose, which is known for its beautiful fragrance and vibrant colors. It has been bred to be showy rather than to have strong thorns. Hybrid Tea Roses are the most common roses you see in a bouquet. If it’s a Shrub Rose, it means that it is an Gallica rose, which has very strong thorns and is known for its sweet smell. If it’s a Wild Rose, it means that it is a Dog Rose or a prickly rose, which has smaller but sharper thorns than the Gallica rose. If it’s a Miniature Rose, you’re just going to get pricked.
What kind of soil do roses like?
Roses like soil that is rich in nutrients but has a good amount of drainage. Most people prepare the soil for their roses by mixing compost, potting soil, and sand together in a large bucket. Most rose growers recommend using bottled water on your roses rather than tap water. The reason for this is because most municipal water contains chemicals that can burn the roots of your rose and possibly kill it (depending on the plant).
What kind of light does a rose like?
Most roses like sunlight, but not all. It depends on the variety of rose. Most people start off their roses in a sunny area to help them grow, then slowly move them into more shade as they mature. If there isn’t any sun (such as in an apartment or basement), you can use artificial lights such as Sodium Vapour Lamps or High-Pressure Sodium Lamps (HPS). However, these lights might make your house really hot so you should have lots of windows or another way to vent the extra heat.
What do I feed my rose?
Most garden centers sell rose fertilizer, which is specially blended to provide the right nutrients for your kind of rose. You can get it in different ratios of nitrogen, phosphorous, and potassium (N-P-K). Roses also like trace elements such as magnesium, calcium, and sulfur. You can get these in liquid form to spray on your roses or in pill form (usually sold as a micronutrient spray). An important thing to remember is that the N-P-K ratio changes as your rose grows. It’s important to periodically check the tag on the fertilizer you buy so you know which ratio to use.
What do I water my rose with?
Most garden centers also sell different kinds of rose water. As with the rose food, you want to pick one that has the right nutrients for your particular kind of rose and in the right quantities. It should also have a good balance of other trace elements. You can buy some of these water formulas in a concentrated form, which you can then dilute with water before you spray it on your roses (usually this is more expensive).
What should I look out for?
Ants: Red ants love to climb roses. If you see red ant hills in your rose garden, it might be a good idea to find another place for your roses.
Bugs: Some bugs, such as aphids, can damage or kill your rose plants (adults and larvae both suck the sap out of your roses). You can usually get a rose spray from the garden center to get rid of the bugs without harming your roses.
Deer: Deer love to eat roses. If you live in an area that has deer, you might have to build a fence around your entire rose garden to keep the deer out.
Diseases: Rose diseases can be just as harmful to your garden as bugs or animals. Always make sure to spray regularly and quarantine any new additions to your garden.
What about people?
Unfortunately, some people just want to stroll through other people’s gardens. If this is a problem, you’ll either have to build a fence (like the one you would use to keep out deer) or plant your rose garden somewhere where people aren’t likely to walk. Be sure to put up a No Trespassing sign as well.
What you need:
Hose (duh! Make sure that it is long enough to reach all the plants)
A place to plug it in (A generator or battery would also work)
Soaker Tubing or similar (This is what soaks up the water and prevents the hose from flooding the plant)
Plant Labels (Optional, but if you plan on growing more than a few plants, then these are very useful!)
What to do:
Plug in your hose.
Lay out your soaker tubing.
Plug in your soaker tubing.
Plant your seeds/saplings and put the plant labels on them if you have them.
This system allows you to only water your plants when they need it rather than everyday. You can get soaker hoses that have fertilizer already mixed in with the water. The soaker hoses can also be mixed in with the regular hose to make watering easier.
Note: When watering with a soaker hose, it is a good idea to water in the morning or the evening, because if left in the sun, the water can become hot and can burn the plants’ roots.
Note: A drip system works almost exactly like this, only you have to be a little more careful not to overwater.
You need to water your plants!
What to do:
Fill up your watering can.
Pick which plant you want to water and walk over to it.
Water the plant.
Do this for each plant you need to water.
What not to do:
Don’t water the plant if it isn’t in a drought.
Don’t turn on the hose if there is a soaker hose attached to it. This will cause a mess!
Other things to look out for:
Some plants need more water than others. Always read the back of the seed packet (or whatever else the plant came in) that came with it to see how much water each plant needs.
You can always water the plants in the evening or morning to prevent them from getting sunburn (if you water them in the day).
How often you need to water depends on how hot or sunny it is and how big the plant is.
Watermelons need a LOT of water!
Hay makes a good mulch (keeps the weeds down). Hay also attracts insects, which keep the bug population down.
Fertilizer helps plants to grow, but too much will hurt them. Use fertilizer at half the recommended rate until you are sure how much that particular plant likes it. Watch out for nitrogen fertilizer; it is the first number on the package.
Watering cans with narrow spouts make a good, thin stream of water perfect for watering hard to reach spots.
A check list! Always good to have a list to help you remember everything you need to do.
Drip irrigation is a system of tubes that has holes in them and it slowly delivers water directly to the root system of the plant. This allows you to water your plants evenly and less often. You can get special tubes that have fertilizer already in them for an even bigger boost.
The more shallow the root system, the more often you need to water. This is mainly a factor with container-grown plants as opposed to those growing in the ground.
Raised Beds are good for a number of reasons. Their main purpose is to improve drainage so that you don’t end up with a muddy mess. They can be made from many materials.
Wood is somewhat porous, so it should be painted or sealed. Concrete or stone are the most popular, but they are the heaviest. Hardware cloth (metal mesh) makes good raised beds and is light enough to be moved around easily.
This type of bed can be topped with any number of things: garden soil, compost, pebbles, gravel, or even concrete. The most important thing is to keep the plants you are growing in mind when you create your bed.
If you are growing anything that has long roots, such as tomatoes, you will need to add a layer of gravel to help with drainage.
A frame works much like a raised bed, except it is “ground-level”. This means it can be made from just about anything. You will lay down your soil, compost, etc.
on the ground first, then lay something over that to hold it in place. This “overlay” can be literally anything: wire screen, chicken wire, fencing, plastic edging for a lawn, even small rocks. It is basically to keep the soil from washing away and to hold it in place. Like raised beds, this type of garden can have any number of toppings.
The downside to this type of garden is that anything with a deep root system will tend to topple it over.
If you are not handy, it is easy to just build a box out of wood and put wheels on it. A box about 4 feet by 8 feet is good size. You will still want to line the bottom with hardware cloth or something similar.
This will help with drainage and prevent the box from rotting away in the ground.
With any container garden you may need to add some inches of rocks or gravel at the bottom to help with drainage. This is especially important if you are letting the container stand in soil.
Watering cans have long hoses that dispense water in a thin stream. They are good to reach tight spots and are more gentle on plants.
Drip systems also come in containers that can be stored in when not in use. These are good for those of us that tend to forget we have them and leave them set-up all the time!
Some plants just don’t grow well in containers. If you attempt to grow one of these in a container and then transplant it, it may never fully recover. These are usually plants that have deep roots or like to send out “drills”.
Drills are horizontal branches that go off the main vertical one.
Some additional crops that may be more suited for containers are: asparagus, strawberries, blueberries, and grapes.
Sources & references used in this article:
The rose-chafer: a destructive garden and vineyard pest by FH Chittenden – 1916 – books.google.com
Insecticide Tests Aga’inst Rose Chafer Adults in Northern Ohio by GH Lamson – 1922 – Storrs Agricultural Experiment …
FARMERS’BULLETIN by MH Swenk – 1908 – University of Nebraska
The organic gardener’s handbook of natural pest and disease control: a complete guide to maintaining a healthy garden and yard the Earth-friendly way by RN WILLIAMS – FRUIT CROPS–1978: A SUMMARY OF RESEARCH, 1978 – kb.osu.edu