What Is A Subtropical Climate?
A sub tropical climate is defined as one located between 20°N and 60°S latitude. It refers to a region where the average annual temperature ranges from 30°C (86°F) or lower to 40°C (104°F). The average rainfall is less than 1 inch per month. The average monthly humidity varies from 35% to 50%.
Subtropical climates are characterized by hot summers and cold winters with long periods of dryness during the rainy season. They tend to have very humid air masses over the hottest parts of the year and extremely dry air masses over cooler areas of the year. These conditions result in high heat stress, which may lead to heat exhaustion and death in some cases.
The term “sub” means below and “tropic” means warm. So, a sub tropic climate would be one that is located between 20°N and 60°S latitude.
In addition to being called subtropical climates, they are sometimes referred to as tropical climates because many of their characteristics resemble those found in tropical regions. However, these two terms are not interchangeable; it’s best if you don’t use them interchangeably either!
The Koppen-Geiger classification system used to categorize climates uses the term Csb as the code for subtropical climate.
Benefits of the Subtropical Climate
There are many benefits of growing plants in a subtropical climate, or even moving there full time. While you might think that the lack of seasonal changes would get monotonous, there’s a lot more going on beneath the surface than just the four seasons.
The sub-tropical climate has great weather patterns that make it a desirable place to live. The temperatures are warm year-round, so you can grow plants in your garden during any month of the year. The rainfall isn’t too high and isn’t too low, which makes it perfect for planting trees that need just the right amount of moisture to grow.
In fact, many people live in subtropical areas just because the weather is so pleasant most of the time.
Sources & references used in this article:
Fertilizer guide for the tropics and subtropics. by JG De Geus – Fertilizer guide for the tropics and subtropics., 1973 – cabdirect.org
Flowering trees in subtropical gardens by G Kunkel – 2012 – books.google.com
Where are the Subtropics? by RT Corlett – Biotropica, 2013 – Wiley Online Library
Physiological and biochemical approaches in studing adaptation mechanisms of subtropical, fruit and ornamental crops grown in Russian subtropics by AV Ryndin, OG Belous, VI Malyarovskaya… – Sel’ …, 2014 – agrobiology.ru
Harry Oakman’s what Flowers when: The Complete Guide to Flowering Times in Tropical and Subtropical Gardens by H Oakman – 1995 – books.google.com
Planning strategies for roadside tree planting and outdoor comfort enhancement in subtropical high-density urban areas by Z Tan, KKL Lau, E Ng – Building and Environment, 2017 – Elsevier
Exotic Foods: A Kitchen and Garden Guide by M Van Atta – 2002 – books.google.com
A guide to better pastures for the tropics and subtropics. by LR Humphreys – … to better pastures for the tropics and subtropics., 1967 – cabdirect.org