Gladiolus are perennial herbs with long life span and high resistance to pests and diseases. They grow from small bulbs which require little attention other than watering regularly. The plants produce new leaves all year round but they have a short flowering period during summer months. They are best planted in full sun or part shade conditions depending upon your climate.
The most common species of gladiolus is the ‘Lavender’ variety. These plants are native to Europe and Asia. They make wonderful houseplants and provide excellent companions for many types of plants such as roses, lilacs, geraniums, dahlias and others.
Gladiolus is one of the easiest perennials to grow in containers since it does not need much water or fertilizer. You can easily propagate them by division. If you want to grow these plants in pots, here are some tips:
1) Use potting soil made specifically for gladiolus; it contains no fertilizers or chemicals.
2) Keep the soil moist at all times so that the roots don’t rot out too quickly.
(You may even want to add a few drops of dish soap to keep the soil clean. This allows the water to freely flow through the pot without becoming “stuck” due to the dirty soil.)
3) Gladiolus need 6-8 hours of direct sunlight a day; if you want them to bloom, place them outside on the patio or in the garden.
4) These plants require a lot of oxygen so make sure you don’t put them in a closed clay pot or the root will rot out quickly.
5) You can fertilize once every week or two using fish fertilizer.
6) To make the stem stronger and less likely to fall over, add a stake at the bottom to give it something to grow around.
7) Once the flowers start to bloom, you can also add some blooming miracle grow (Fox Farm) to your regular watering routine.
8) Feed once every two weeks.
If you don’t fertilize enough, the leaves will begin to appear yellowish in color.
9) Keep the flowers for as long as you can by cutting them and placing them in fresh water.
Use a vitamin supplement to keep the flowers fresh looking.
10) Gladiolus can be left in the ground during the winter months and brought inside in pots. They do not require any special treatment while inside other than regular watering.
There are several easy steps to planting gladiolus bulbs in pots. Let’s begin with selecting the right pot. Gladiolus grow best in terra cotta pots but you can also use plastic as long as it has holes for proper drainage.
1) Fill the pot about 1/3 of the way with potting soil.
Make sure that there are lots of humus and peat moss because this will help retain the moisture in the soil.
2) Set the gladiolus bulb into the middle of the pot.
The pointy end should be pointed upwards. Cover it with soil and pat it down gently.
3) Fill in around the bulb with more soil until the pot is full.
Press down firmly to remove any air pockets or gaps.
4) At this point you may want to add some fertilizer.
You can use bone meal or bonemeal but only use about 1/4 of what the package recommends. Too much fertilizer will cause the bulbs to rot and die.
5) Water thoroughly so that the soil is nice and wet but not soggy.
Place your glad in a sunny window.
6) Keep the soil moist at all times.
If you notice that the leaves start to turn yellow, you are watering it too much. Wait a day or two before watering again.
7) You will begin to see green shoots coming out of the soil about 2-3 weeks after planting.
At this point you can fertilize with a liquid fertilizer that has a high nitrogen content. Follow the instructions on the package for proper dosage.
When your gladiolus blooms, it will need a lot of attention since the flowers are rather delicate and can be damaged easily. Gladiolus usually bloom for about a week so make sure you don’t cut the flower stem when it starts to die back.
Enjoy your flowers!
Watering your houseplants properly is essential for their health. Most of the time people think their plants need more water than they really do.
Here are some basic tips to help you keep your plants happy and thriving:
1) The best way to check if a plant needs watering is to stick your fingers into the potting soil.
*If the topsoil is dry all the way through then it is time to give it a drink.
*If it is still a bit damp then it doesn’t need water yet
2) Where you place your plants in a room can make a difference on the amount of water it needs.
*Placing your plants in direct sunlight will cause them to dry out faster so be sure to keep this in mind.
3) As with all living things, houseplants like a little diversity.
Giving them a ” bath” every once in awhile by putting them in a tub or sink filled with water can help keep them happy. Just be sure to thoroughly drain all the water from the pot afterwards.
Keeping your plants healthy and happy will keep you happier as well. They are great for eliminating any harmful toxins from the air in your home and they make the perfect living air fresheners!
These tips should help answer questions you may have had about proper watering techniques. As with all things, the success of your plants depends on you. Be sure to take good care of them and they will reward you with beauty and fresh air for years to come!
The following tips will help you make your houseplants as healthy as possible.
1)Watering- Most people water their plants too much and this leads to lots of root rot. To avoid this you should let the top layer of soil dry out before watering again. Once this top layer is dry you can water your plant. Be sure not to water too much though because this can also cause root rot.
2)Place- Where you place your plants can also affect their health greatly. If you have a place with lots of wind or the temperature fluctuates a lot then your plants will need some special care in order to thrive.
3)Fertilizer- Some plants need more than just water and sunlight to stay healthy. These types need some fertilizer to help them grow strong and survive.
Sources & references used in this article:
Management of corm-rot disease of Gladiolus by plant extracts by T Riaz, S Nawaz Khan, A Javaid – Natural product research, 2010 – Taylor & Francis
Gladiolus in tropical Africa. Systematics, biology & evolution. by P Goldblatt – 1996 – cabdirect.org
Long‐term survival of sclerotia of Sclerotium cepivorum and Stromatinia gladioli by JR Coley‐Smith, CM MITCHELL… – Plant …, 1990 – Wiley Online Library
Freeze preservation of gladiolus pollen by PE Rajasekharan, TM Rao, T Janakiram, S Ganeshan – Euphytica, 1994 – Springer
Effect of integrated nutrient management on vegetative growth and flowering characters of gladiolus by N Chaudhary, K Swaroop, T Janakiram… – Indian Journal of …, 2013 – indianjournals.com
Role of ethylene in opening and senescence of Gladiolus sp. flowers by M Serek, RB Jones, MS Reid – Journal of the American Society for …, 1994 – journals.ashs.org