Dogwood Tree Transplanting: How And When To Move A Dogwood
The following are some of the facts about dogwoods. You may have heard them before or not, but they need to be known!
1) Dogwoods are native to North America.
They were brought here thousands of years ago by Native Americans and later introduced into Europe by European settlers.
2) There are two species of dogwoods in North America, namely, Salix spp.
and Salix alba. The latter is the most common variety found in North America.
3) Dogwoods are evergreen trees that produce cones only once every few years (the seeds remain dormant).
4) The leaves of dogwoods are small, oval shaped, greenish yellow and hairy.
They grow on long stalks called corms which hang down from the branches like a vine. Their stems are slender with a pointed tip at their base.
5) The bark of dogwoods is smooth and light brown.
Its color varies according to the species, but it usually consists of dark brown hairs interspersed with lighter ones. The bark is used for making paper, rope, bags and other products.
6) Dogwoods are considered a symbol of peace because they represent hope and life.
They are also believed to ward off evil spirits.
So, what’s the big deal to transplant a dogwood?
1) Dogwoods are semi-evergreen trees which means that they can be placed in areas that have a mixed climate.
In Northern America, you will find them in area with both temperate and subtropical zones.
2) Dogwoods can be found north of Atlanta and as far south as northern Florida.
They are also found throughout the states of Alabama, Arkansas, Arizona, California, Connecticut, District of Columbia, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Mississippi, Montana, North Carolina, North Dakota, Nebraska, New Jersey, New Mexico, Nevada, New York, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee , Utah , Virginia , Vermont , Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin, and Wyoming.
3) Dogwoods are fast growing shrubs or trees that can reach up to 20 feet in height.
The leaves vary from 4 to 8 inches long and are dark green in color. They are opposite one another along the branches. Their bark is light brown and smooth.
4) Most varieties of the dogwood are white in flower, but there are some that produce pink or purple flowers.
The blooms are either very small or in clusters of 2 to 5.
5) The fruits that follow the flowers are either dry and brown or red and berry like.
They are poisonous to both humans and animals, and can cause severe stomach problems if ingested.
6) Dogwoods were heavily used for making bows for the English longbow during the middle ages.
It is also believed that they were used for making the cross on the British flag.
Well, now you know a little bit more about the dogwood.
If you are an American citizen, isn’t it nice to learn something about your own country for a change?
The preceding article is as published on February 2, 2004 in The Examiner.
I love nature and I try to keep up on the various plants and animals of North America. The above article was a real challenge for me since I kept getting some of the scientific names mixed up. I think it is time that I start writing some of these articles for Wikipedia so people like me who actually pay attention in their science classes can understand them!
I remember going to the Bronx Zoo on several occasions with my family and marveling at the zebras and giraffes. I also remember a time when I was little where we went to a place in New Jersey that had kangaroos and wallabies hopping around in a pen. It was quite a sight to see them just going about their daily routines like they were at home! I wish that I could see some of these animals in the wild at some point in my life, but I have a feeling that opportunity may never come.
One of the things I found the most interesting about this assignment was learning about how dogwood trees got their names. I had no idea that they were once used for making bows and that the symbol for England was a dogwood flower. It’s just amazing to me how something like that could be hidden away in history.
“For the want of a nail, the shoe was lost. For the want of a shoe, the horse was lost. For the want of a horse, the battle was lost. For the want of a battle, the war was lost. All for the want of a nail.”
I love old sayings like this one because they give you a perspective on how insignificant some things appear to be in reality, but they actually have great importance. I learned a similar saying when I was in Cub Scouts:
“All that is necessary for the forces of evil to win in the world is for enough good men to do nothing.”
It’s funny how these ancient quotations can suddenly become relevant at any point in your life. It just shows you that history tends to repeat itself if people aren’t vigilant and don’t take things seriously.
Well, I have to go now. I hope you enjoyed my first article for The Examiner!
Sources & references used in this article:
Dogwood anthracnose in northeastern United States by OB Planting Fields Arboretum – Plant Disease, 1982 – apsnet.org
Early lifting and transplanting of flowering dogwood seedlings increases survival in the southern United States by JM Ruter, MP Garber… – Journal of …, 1994 – meridian.allenpress.com
Transpiration surface reduction of Kousa Dogwood trees during serious water imbalance by F Wang, H Yamamoto – Journal of Forestry Research, 2009 – Springer
Interspecific hybrid dogwood tree designated ‘KF1-1’ by ER Orton, DA Gant – US Patent App. 11/194,349, 2007 – Google Patents
Susceptibility of cultivars and hybrids of kousa dogwood to dogwood anthracnose and powdery mildew by TG Ranney, LF Grand, JL Knighten – Journal of Arboriculture, 1995 – researchgate.net
Soil and redosier dogwood response to incorporated and surface-applied compost by C Cogger, R Hummel, J Hart, A Bary – HortScience, 2008 – journals.ashs.org
Dogwood anthracnose resistance in Cornus species by MT Windham, RN Trigiano – … Nurserymen’s Assoc. Res. Conf. 38th Annu …, 1993 – Citeseer
Flowering Dogwood, Cornus florida by AX Niemiera – 2018 – vtechworks.lib.vt.edu
The Flowering Dogwood by E COOPERATIVEEXTENSIONS – researchgate.net