Pansies are one of the most popular houseplants. They have been used for centuries as decorative plants. There are many varieties of pansies available today including dwarf, dwarf red, mini pansey, mini pansy and miniature purple pansy. Some varieties such as mini pansy and miniature purple pussypussy require special care when grown indoors or even outdoors. For those who want to grow them outside they need proper soil and lighting conditions.
When it comes to indoor cultivation, there are different types of lights that can be used. These include fluorescent tubes, compact fluorescents (CFL), metal halide bulbs and mercury vapor bulbs. All these types of lamps produce heat which causes the plant leaves to turn yellowish brown. A good way to avoid this problem is using CFLs or Metal Halides instead of Fluorescent Lights.
Mercury Vapor Bulbs emit high levels of mercury vapors.
Plant growth depends on temperature, light intensity and water supply. When the humidity level falls too low, the roots will rot from lack of moisture. If the air temperature drops too low, then the leaves may burn or turn black due to insufficient oxygenation. Watering your pansies is very important since they need lots of it to survive and thrive.
The best way to water your pansies is by placing the plants in a tray filled with gravel, water and small pebbles.
If you allow the potting soil to dry out slightly between watering it will help prevent root rot. It will also improve the health of the plant since it can access the available nutrients more easily. When it rains, the water will drain through the gravel and carry excess nutrients away. The rest of the year you will need to water the soil from the top.
Don’t over-water your pansies since this can lead to root rot.
Conditions in the wild are unfriendly for pansies. They normally grow in rocky soil with limited water supply. Pansies can survive longer periods of drought, but they prefer living in moist conditions. During cold periods they grow inactive and stop growing.
If you plant your pansies in soil, they will need to be watered on a regular basis. You can grow them in a flower pot filled with gravel, water and small pebbles. This will allow the excess water to drain through the gravel and carry away any excess nutrients from the soil. The soil will remain moist for longer and this will prevent root rot from setting it.
Optimum conditions for growing pansies are temperatures between 60 and 70 degrees Fahrenheit. They can survive in temperatures between 40 and 90 degrees, but they grow best in the higher range. If the temperature falls below 40 degrees they will enter a state of hibernation similar to most other plants. During times of cold they will stop growing and become dormant until the temperature rises again.
Pansies can tolerate lower light conditions, but they grow best in areas with bright sunlight.
When your pansy plants are about 6 to 12 inches high, it is time to transplant them outside. They will need to be planted in an area that receives full sun most of the day. Pansies will grow best in a soil that has been enriched with organic matter such as peat moss or compost. Some gardeners like to plant them in a container first, then set the container in the ground.
This method is easier to accomplish since you will not need to dig a hole for each plant. Just make sure that the container has a drainage hole at the bottom.
Once your pansies are planted, it is important that you keep an eye on their growth. Make sure that they do not become over-crowded since this can lead to shortages of nutrients and water. The best way to prevent this is by planting your pansies in clusters. You should also keep your pansies away from any trees with overhanging branches.
These branches will block out the sun and can prevent your pansies from growing to their full potential.
Your pansies will grow best in a sandy soil with lots of organic material. You can create this type of soil by mixing together equal parts compost, peat moss and sand. This should be done before you start planting your seeds or starter plants. You can also add some grass clippings to the soil.
This will provide nutrients for the first few weeks that your pansies are growing. If you add grass clippings, you will need to mix them with the soil in a 1 to 1 ratio.
As a general rule, pansies should be planted about 1 inch deep. This means that you will need to dig a hole about that size into the ground before you drop in the seed. You should space your plants roughly 8 inches apart. Once they have grown to about 4 inches in diameter, you can separate them as much as necessary to keep them at the desired distance.
Pansies are fairly easy to grow, but they do require a few essential nutrients in order to thrive. You can provide these nutrients by watering your plants with a water soluble fertilizer. Water soluble fertilizers are mixed with water before they are applied to the soil. This type of fertilizer does not need to be reapplied as often as granular types.
Water soluble fertilizers also tend to contain all of the necessary nutrients that your plants need. This means you usually don’t need to mix up a batch yourself.
Pansies are some of the most colorful and hardy plants that you can grow in the wild. Native to Europe, North America and parts of Asia, these plants are very similar to Violets. They can be found in a wide variety of colors including, white, yellow, orange and purple.
Pansies do best in full sun or partial shade. They have large flowers and produce a small bushy green plant. They can be found growing wild throughout much of the world, but are also cultivated by gardeners for shows and ornamental purposes.
When you think about wild flowers, you probably think about meadows filled with brightly colored blooms.
Sources & references used in this article:
Pansy production and marketing by JR Kessler, JA Hagan, P Cobb – Alabama A&M and …, 1998 – hortscans.ces.ncsu.edu
GROWING PANSIES by KOF PANSIES – digitalcommons.usu.edu
Success with pansies in the winter landscape: A guide for landscape professionals by GL Wade, PA Thomas – 2009 – athenaeum.libs.uga.edu
Influence of salinity on the growth and development of pansies (Viola x wittrockiana Gams.) by MG Pušić, EM Mladenović, JD Čukanović… – Zbornik Matice srpske …, 2019 – doiserbia.nb.rs