Batavia Lettuce – Growing Batavian Lettuce In The Garden
What Is Batavia Lettuce?
Batavia lettuce is a type of lettuce which originated from the island of Bali. It was first cultivated in Indonesia around 2000 years ago. Nowadays it grows naturally in tropical areas all over the world including Australia, New Zealand, South Africa and Europe. Batavia lettuce is considered one of the most nutritious lettuces. It contains high amounts of vitamins A, C, K and folate.
How To Grow Batavia Lettuce In Your Garden?
Growing batavia lettuce requires little attention compared to other types of lettuces. You just need to provide plenty of sunlight during spring and summer months when they are growing best. They prefer full sun but will tolerate partial shade if necessary. For optimal growth, you have to keep the soil moist at all times. If your soil becomes dry, the leaves may wilt or even drop off completely. When you water them, make sure to use well aerated water so that they don’t get moldy.
The best time to plant batavia lettuce is between April and October when they are in their dormant stage (they do not flower). If you live in a colder climate, the best time to plant them is between September and March.
When you go to plant them, make sure to cover the roots with soil but not the leaves. This will prevent them from getting sunburn.
You can grow them in individual pots if you want them to grow big or keep them in the ground if you want a constant supply of leaves. It is recommended to grow them in rows so they are easier to pick and maintain.
Keep the plants about half a meter away from each other so they have enough space to grow. After a few weeks, you should see little green buds popping out of the soil. If the conditions are right, they should grow into beautiful batavia lettuces.
You can harvest them whenever you need them. Pick an entire row at once or just pick individual leaves as you need them.
Batavia Lettuce Origin
The Batavia lettuce has two theories related to its origin. The first one states that the Batavia lettuce was first grown in Australia.
Captain James Cook brought the seeds of this lettuce from Indonesia to Australia in the 18th century. Since then, it spread around the continent and became a popular ingredient in salads.
The second theory states that the Batavia lettuce first grew in New Zealand and it spread to Australia later on. It is called Batavia lettuce after an island named Batavia located in Indonesia where it was probably first grown.
When the Dutch brought it to Australia, they called it Batavia lettuce because it came from the same place where the island of Batavia got its name.
Batavia Lettuce Nutrition Facts
One serving (3.5 ounces or 100 grams) of Batavia lettuce contains:
Fat: 0.2 grams
Cholesterol: 0 mg
Sodium: 32 mg
Carbs: 1.9 grams
Dietary fiber: 1 gram
Sugars: 0.1 grams
Protein: 0.3 grams
Vitamin A: 50%
Vitamin C: 34%
Batavia Lettuce Uses
Batavia lettuce has a mild and slightly sweet flavor. The leaves are crunchy and have a somewhat peppery taste to them.
They contain a lot of vitamins and minerals, making it a very healthy ingredient. You can use it in various salad recipes. It also goes well with other vegetables and can be added to wraps and sandwiches.
Sources & references used in this article:
… and microbe-microbe interactions influence within-species variation in bacterial population diversity and structure in the lettuce (Lactuca species) phyllosphere by PJ Hunter, P Hand, D Pink, JM Whipps… – Applied and …, 2010 – Am Soc Microbiol
Genetics of resistance to Beet western yellows virus in lettuce by DAC Pink, DGA Walkey, SJ McClement – Plant pathology, 1991 – Wiley Online Library
Cuervo lettuce variety by MO Holland – US Patent 8,772,580, 2014 – Google Patents
Lettuce variety Annita by M Roca – US Patent 10,750,699, 2020 – Google Patents
A Glasshouse Cropping Method for Screening Lettuce Lines for Resistance to Sclerotinia Sclerotiorum by JM Whipps, SP Budge, S McClement… – European journal of plant …, 2002 – Springer