Delphi (D) – A genus of flowering plants native to Greece and Asia Minor. They are classified into two families, the Fabaceae and the Scrophulariaceae. There are over 400 species of Delphinus with many subspecies of which only a few have been described.
The flowers of Dendrobium consist of 5 petals arranged in a square or triangular shape. The fruit consists of a capsule surrounded by a thin skin. The fruits vary from being spherical to having 4 lobes.
Delphinium (δ′λυνιμος) – Greek δλεία “delight” + -ium “seed”.
In ancient times, the name was used for any plant bearing seeds, but it came to mean any edible seedling of a flower. The word is still used today to refer to edible seeds of certain crops such as apples, pears, peaches and other fruit trees.
Delphiniums are one of the most popular ornamental plants in gardens and parks. They are easy to grow because they require little care and produce large numbers of small fruits. They are often grown as houseplants because their size makes them attractive indoors.
Plant Names – Delphinium (D)
The scientific name is the two first parts of a plant’s name which are always in Latin form and are always capitalized. The genus name is always followed by an abbreviation indicating the person who first published it. It is not necessary to use both the first and last names.
For plants described by Carl Linnaeus (1707-1778), the abbreviation is simply L. For plants described by the Austrian botanist Joseph Pitton de Tournefort (1656-1708), the abbreviation is Tourn.
The second word in a plant’s name is the specific epithet, which is always printed in lower case. Sometimes there are more than two words in the specific epithet. These additional words are called subspecies or varieties.
In this case they are always capitalized, but not any more than the first word. Specific epithets are sometimes written using a combination of Latin and Greek words, such as plant names beginning with cam. These words are still written in Latin form.
The word “delphinium” comes from the same root word as the word dolphin. The shape of the fruit or capsule resembles that of a dolphin.
The common name “larkspur”
Sources & references used in this article:
Temperature requirements for the storage and germination of Delphinium× cultorum seed by WJ Carpenter, JF Boucher – HortScience, 1992 – journals.ashs.org
Seed germination ecology of the threatened endemic Iberian Delphinium fissum subsp. sordidum (Ranunculaceae) by JM Herranz, P Ferrandis, E Martínez-Duro – Plant ecology, 2010 – Springer
Plant reproduction and optimal foraging: experimental nectar manipulations in Delphinium nelsonii by M Zimmerman – Oikos, 1983 – JSTOR
Outcrossing distance effects in Delphinium nelsonii: pollen loads, pollen tubes, and seed set by NM Waser, MV Price – Ecology, 1991 – Wiley Online Library
Deep complex morphophysiological dormancy in seeds of the mesic woodland herb Delphinium tricorne (Ranunculaceae) by CC Baskin, JM Baskin – International Journal of Plant …, 1994 – journals.uchicago.edu
Pollen dispersal and optimal outcrossing in Delphinium nelsoni by MV Price, NM Waser – Nature, 1979 – nature.com