Mangoes are tropical fruits which are native to South America. They have been cultivated since ancient times and their popularity increased with the introduction of sugar cane plantations in the early 19th century. Today they are grown worldwide for both food and ornamental purposes. The fruit is small (about half of an average apple) but sweet tasting, juicy when ripe, and very flavorful when cooked or eaten raw. Mangosteen is another popular tropical fruit, and it too is native to South America. It has been cultivated since ancient times and its popularity increased with the introduction of sugarcane plantations in the early 19th century. Today it is grown worldwide for both food and ornamental purposes.
The mango tree grows from a single trunk up to several meters tall, depending on variety. Its branches are usually straight and branched, but they may be twisted or even fan-shaped.
The leaves are opposite, short and narrow, and greenish-yellow at first, turning yellowish brown. They are often arranged in whorls around the stem. There are many varieties of mango trees; some are small shrubs while others grow to heights of over three metres. The flowers have a distinctive fragrance and the trees bloom in spring and early summer. The oval fruit of the mango may be as small as a fist or more than 30 centimeters long, green or yellow when immature and it is one of the most popular of all tropical fruits. It has a thick skin when ripe and a fibrous flesh which may be yellow, red, or purple.
How To Plant And Care For A Mango Tree
If you live in U.S.
Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 10 and 11, you can grow mango trees as a gardener or hobbyist. You can start with a grafted tree or with a seedling. Grafted plants are faster-growing and better suited to colder climates because they produce flowers and fruit more quickly due to the genetic superiority of the rootstock. Grafted plants are also less prone to disease and better able to resist pests.
Sources & references used in this article:
Mango trees as components of agroforestry sytsems in Mangwende, Zimbabwe by C Musvoto, BM Campbell – Agroforestry Systems, 1995 – Springer
Profitability and cost in growing mango orchards by K Bakhsh, I Hassan, MS Akhter – Journal of Agriculture …, 2006 – pdfs.semanticscholar.org
Morphological characterization, quality, yield and DNA fingerprinting of biofield energy treated alphonso mango (Mangifera indica L.) by T Mahendra Kumar – Journal of Food and Nutrition Sciences, 2015 – orgprints.org
Mangifera indica (mango) by W Burns, SH Prayag – 1921 – Printed at the Government Central …
Mango growing in Kenya by ISE Bally – Species profiles for pacific island …, 2006 – doc-developpement-durable.org
In vitro antimicrobial and cytotoxic effects of Anacardium occidentale and Mangifera indica in oral care by J Griesbach – 2003 – books.google.com
Exploring the mango–poison ivy connection: the riddle of discriminative plant dermatitis by G Anand, M Ravinanthan, R Basaviah… – Journal of pharmacy & …, 2015 – ncbi.nlm.nih.gov