Types Of Dracaena: Learn About Different Dracaena Plants
Dracaenas are members of the mint family. They have long been used in herbal medicine and folk remedies around the world for their medicinal properties. There are over 300 species of dracaeena. Some varieties grow up to 3 feet tall, while others reach only 1 foot or less.
Most are green with white flowers. Some varieties grow in the temperate zones, but most are native to tropical regions.
The leaves of dracaena have been used medicinally for centuries. The plant contains many compounds that have antiseptic, antibacterial, anti-inflammatory and antiviral properties. It has been used in traditional Chinese medicine for its pain relieving, sedative and antidepressant effects.
In India, the leaves were traditionally chewed to relieve stomach problems. The leaves were also eaten to treat diarrhea and dysentery. Other uses included treating skin diseases such as eczema and psoriasis, cancer treatment (especially leukemia), diabetes mellitus, liver disease, heart disease and rheumatism.
In Nigeria, the leaves were used to treat headache and toothache. In Surinam, the crushed seed is mixed with salt and used to kill warts.
The crushed seeds have traditionally been used to repel insects. It has been claimed that an infusion of crushed leaves will cure ringworm.
Dracaena marginata is a popular houseplant and many people grow it for its beautiful yellow flowers that bloom during the winter holiday season. This plant, also known as the red-edge dracaena or yellow-edge dracaena, is native to tropical Africa. It has narrow green leaves that are bordered by red stripes on the outer edges.
The flowers are typically yellow in color, but white varieties also exist. This plant is easy to grow indoors but does require bright, indirect sunlight. It is susceptible to frost and will not survive temperatures below 55 degrees F. (12.8 C).
The red-edged dracaena is poisonous if ingested and can cause skin irritation.
The most commonly grown plant is Dracaena deremensis “Warneckii” or warneckii Palm Dracaena. This plant is sometimes called the corn plant or string of beads. The reason for this is it has a woody stem with a series of different sized green leaves arranged along it.
Sources & references used in this article:
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A comparative structural and functional study of leaf traits and sap flow in Dracaena cinnabari and Dracaena draco seedlings by N Nadezhdina, R Plichta, V Nadezhdin, R Gebauer… – Functional plant …, 2015 – CSIRO
Species identification of Dracaena using the complete chloroplast genome as a super-barcode by ZL Zhang, Y Zhang, X Ma – Frontiers in pharmacology, 2019 – frontiersin.org
Effect of shade levels on leaf area and biomass production of three varieties of Dracaena sanderiana L. in the dry zone of Sri Lanka by S Srikrishnah, SE Peiris, S Sutharsan – 2012 – 22.214.171.124
Ethnobotanical survey of Dracaena cinnabari and investigation of the pharmacognostical properties, antifungal and antioxidant activity of its resin by M Al-Fatimi – Plants, 2018 – mdpi.com
A new species of the wild dragon tree, Dracaena (Dracaenaceae) from Gran Canaria and its taxonomic and biogeographic implications by A MARRERO, RS ALMEIDA… – Botanical Journal of …, 1998 – academic.oup.com
Epipremnum aureum and Dracaena braunii as indoor plants for enhanced bio-electricity generation in a plant microbial fuel cell with electrochemically modified … by PJ Sarma, K Mohanty – Journal of bioscience and bioengineering, 2018 – Elsevier
Phylogenetics of the plant genera Dracaena and Pleomele (Asparagaceae) by PL Lu, C Morden – Botanica Orientalis: Journal of Plant Science, 2010 – nepjol.info